Transmission and Distribution Electrical Engineering

Transmission and Distribution Electrical Engineering

4th Edition - November 29, 2011

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  • Authors: Colin Bayliss, Brian Hardy
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780080969121
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080969138

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This market leading classic is a true comprehensive on-the-job reference, covering all aspects of getting electricity from the source to user via the power grid. Electric power transmission and distribution is a huge sector, and engineers require the real world guidance of this book in order to upgrade networks to handle smart and renewable sources of power. This new edition covers renewable and distributed energy developments, international regulatory compliance issues with coverage of IEC standards, and new key conversions to US based standards and terminologies Utilising examples from real-life systems and challenges, this book clearly and succinctly outlines fundamental knowledge requirements for working in this area. Written by engineers for engineers, theory is tied to current best-practice, and new chapters cover hot topics including DC Transmission, Smart Networks and bringing renewable sources into the grid. Particularly useful for power engineers starting out on their career, this new edition ensures Bayliss remains an essential ‘tool of the trade’ for all engineers, technicians, managers and planners involved in electricity supply and industrial electricity usage.

Key Features

  • Updated to ensure that the book continues to deliver all the fundamental knowledge requirements of practicing power engineers in a single volume
  • High profile authors with extensive career-long knowledge of the industry
  • 30% new and revised content includes new chapters on renewable and distributed energy sources
  • Expanded coverage of power quality, latest EMC standards and requirements, earthing and bonding, surge protection, line design and switchgear developments


Electrical and power system engineers involved in generation, distribution and consumption; power station engineers; industrial users – plant engineers; off-network electrical engineers; consultants to the power industry; students and researchers

Table of Contents

  • About the Authors

    List of Contributors



    Chapter 1. System Studies

    1.1. Introduction

    1.2. Load Flow

    1.3. System Stability

    1.4. Short Circuit Analysis

    Chapter 2. Drawings and Diagrams

    2.1. Introduction

    2.2. Block Diagrams

    2.3. Schematic Diagrams

    2.4. Manufacturers’ Drawings

    2.5. Computer Aided Design

    2.6. Case Study

    2.7. Graphical Symbols

    Appendix A. Relay Identification – Numerical Codes

    Appendix B. Comparison between German, British, US/Canadian and International Symbols

    Chapter 3. Substation Layouts

    3.1. Introduction

    3.2. Substation Design Considerations

    3.3. Alternative Layouts

    3.4. Space Requirements

    Chapter 4. Substation Auxiliary Power Supplies

    4.1. Introduction

    4.2. DC Supplies

    4.3. Batteries

    4.4. AC Supplies

    Chapter 5. Current and Voltage Transformers

    5.1. Introduction

    5.2. Current Transformers

    5.3. Voltage Transformers

    5.4. Future Trends

    Chapter 6. Insulators

    6.1. Introduction

    6.2. Insulator Materials

    6.3. Insulator Types

    6.4. Pollution Control

    6.5. Insulator Specification

    6.6. Tests

    Chapter 7. Substation Building Services

    7.1. Introduction

    7.2. Lighting

    7.3. The Characterization of LVAC Distribution Systems

    7.4. Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning

    7.5. Fire Detection and Suppression

    7.6. Security

    Chapter 8. Earthing and Bonding

    8.1. Introduction

    8.2. Design Criteria

    8.3. Substation Earthing Calculations

    8.4. Computer Simulation

    8.5. Protective Multiple Earthing

    Chapter 9. Insulation Co-ordination

    9.1. Introduction

    9.2. System Voltages

    9.3. Clearances

    9.4. Procedures for Co-Ordination

    9.5. Surge Protection

    Chapter 10. Relay Protection

    10.1. Introduction

    10.2. System Configurations

    10.3. Power System Protection Principles

    10.4. Current Relays

    10.5. Differential Protection Schemes

    10.6. Distance Relays

    10.7. Auxiliary Relays

    10.8. Computer Assisted Grading Exercise

    10.9. Practical Distribution Network Case Study

    10.10. Recent Advances in Control, Protection and Monitoring

    Chapter 11. Fuses and Miniature Circuit Breakers

    11.1. Introduction

    11.2. Fuses

    11.3. Fuse Operation

    11.4. Miniature Circuit Breakers

    Chapter 12. Cables

    12.1. Introduction

    12.2. Codes and Standards

    12.3. Types of Cables and Materials

    12.4. Cable Sizing

    12.5. Calculation of Losses in Cables

    12.6. Fire Properties of Cables

    12.7. Control and Communication Cables

    12.8. Cable Management Systems

    Chapter 13. Switchgear

    13.1. Introduction

    13.2. Terminology and Standards

    13.3. Switching

    13.4. Arc Quenching Media

    13.5. Operating Mechanisms

    13.6. Equipment Specifications

    Chapter 14. Power Transformers

    14.1. Introduction

    14.2. Standards and Principles

    14.3. Voltage, Impedance and Power Rating

    14.4. Thermal Design

    14.5. Constructional Aspects

    14.6. Accessories

    Chapter 15. Substation and Overhead Line Foundations

    15.1. Introduction

    15.2. Soil Investigations

    15.3. Foundation Types

    15.4. Foundation Design

    15.5. Site Works

    Chapter 16. Overhead Line Routing

    16.1. Introduction

    16.2. Routing Objectives

    16.3. Preliminary Routing

    16.4. Detailed Line Survey and Profile

    Chapter 17. Structures, Towers and Poles

    17.1. Introduction

    17.2. Environmental Conditions

    17.3. Structure Design

    17.4. Pole and Tower Types

    Chapter 18. Overhead Line Conductor and Technical Specifications

    18.1. Introduction

    18.2. Environmental Conditions

    18.3. Conductor Selection

    18.4. Calculated Electrical Ratings

    18.5. Design Spans, Clearances and Loadings

    18.6. Overhead Line Fittings

    18.7. Overhead Line Impedance

    18.8. Substation Busbar Selection – Case Study

    Chapter 19. Testing and Commissioning

    19.1. Introduction

    19.2. Quality Assurance

    19.3. Works Inspections and Testing

    19.4. Site Inspection and Testing

    19.5. Testing and Commissioning Methods

    Appendix A. Commissioning Test Procedure Requirements

    Appendix B. Drawings, Diagrams, and Manuals

    Chapter 20. Electromagnetic Compatibility

    20.1. Introduction

    20.2. Standards

    20.3. Compliance

    20.4. Testing

    20.5. Screening

    20.6. Typical Useful Formulae

    20.7. Case Studies

    Chapter 21. Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition

    21.1. Introduction

    21.2. Programmable Logic Controllers

    21.3. Power Line Carrier Communication Links

    21.4. Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition

    21.5. Software Management

    Chapter 22. Project Management

    22.1. Introduction

    22.2. Project Evaluation

    22.3. Financing

    22.4. Project Phases

    22.5. Terms and Conditions of Contract

    22.6. Tendering

    22.7. Model Forms of Contract – Exercise

    Appendix A:. Project Definition/Questionnaire

    Appendix B:. Bidding Checklist

    Chapter 23. Distribution Planning

    23.1. Introduction

    23.2. Definitions

    23.3. Load Forecasting

    23.4. System Parameters

    23.5. System Reliability

    23.6. Distributed Generation

    23.7. Drawings and Materials Take Off

    Chapter 24. Power Quality – Harmonics in Power Systems

    24.1. Introduction

    24.2. The Nature of Harmonics

    24.3. The Generation of Harmonics

    24.4. The Effects of Harmonics

    24.5. The Limitation of Harmonics

    24.6. Ferroresonance and Subharmonics

    24.7. Harmonic Studies

    24.8. Case Studies

    Chapter 25. Power Quality – Voltage Disturbances

    25.1. Introduction

    25.2. The Nature and Cause of Voltage Disturbances in Power Systems

    25.3. Solutions

    25.4. Case Study

    Chapter 26. High Voltage Direct Current Transmission

    26.1. Introduction

    26.2. HVAC vs. HVDC Transmission Solutions

    26.3. HVDC System Configurations

    26.4. Converter Topologies

    26.5. HVDC System Components

    26.6. General HVDC Characteristics

    26.7. Control Schemes

    26.8. AC and DC Interaction

    26.9. HVDC System Performance Issues

    26.10. Emerging Trends and Technologies

    Chapter 27. Smart Grids

    27.1. Introduction

    27.2. The Challenges to be Met by Smart Grids

    27.3. Smart Grid Technologies

    27.4. Power Equipment Solutions

    27.5. Energy Storage

    Chapter 28. Fundamentals

    28.1. Introduction

    28.2. Symbols and Nomenclature

    28.3. Alternating Quantities

    28.4. Vector Representation

    28.5. Vector Algebra

    28.6. Sequence Components

    28.7. Network Fault Analysis

    28.8. Design Optimization


Product details

  • No. of pages: 1180
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Newnes 2011
  • Published: November 29, 2011
  • Imprint: Newnes
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780080969121
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080969138

About the Authors

Colin Bayliss

Colin Bayliss

Affiliations and Expertise

United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA), Director of Major Projects

Brian Hardy

Brian Hardy

Affiliations and Expertise

Independent consultant & past Technical Advisor to BalfourBeatty capital

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