Transforming Public Health Surveillance

Transforming Public Health Surveillance

Proactive Measures for Prevention, Detection, and Response

1st Edition - May 2, 2016
  • Editors: Scott McNabb, J Mark Conde, Lisa Ferland, Ziad Memish, Stacy Okutani, Meeyoung Park, Affan Shaikh, Vivek Singh
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780702063374

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Description

Public Health Surveillance (PHS) is of primary importance in this era of emerging health threats like ebola, MERS-CoV, influenza, natural and man-made disasters, and non-communicable diseases. Transforming Public Health Surveillance is a forward-looking, topical, and up-to-date overview of the issues and solutions facing PHS. It describes the realities of the gaps and impediments to efficient and effective PHS, while presenting a vision for its possibilities and promises in the 21st century. The book gives a roadmap to the goal of public health information being available, when it is needed and where it is needed. Led by Professor Scott McNabb, an international team of the top-notch public health experts from academia, government, and non-governmental organizations provides the most complete and current update on this core area of public health practice in a decade in 31 chapters. This includes the key roles PHS plays in achieving the global health security agenda and health equity. The authors provide a global perspective for students and professionals in public health. Five case studies aid the understanding of the context for the lessons of the book, and a comprehensive glossary, questions, bullet points, and learning objectives make this book an excellent tool for the classroom.     

Key Features

  • Describes lessons learned in international health crises, the context and development of existing governance documents guiding public health surveillance in the light of global health security concerns, and provides advice on how to construct a modern framework to provide efficient, effective, and equitable global response
  • Describes enriched collaborations between military, clinical practice, societies, communities, and governmental and non-governmental organizations and discusses challenges and opportunities
  • Describes informatics approaches to enable and support data sharing, analytics, and visualization though interoperability that will adapt to meet the challenges of the changing field of public health surveillance
  • Discusses challenges of modern public health surveillance, and discusses potential solutions, and actions and ideas for the way forward
  • Describes how transformed surveillance systems can contribute to better monitoring and guiding of the post 2015 development goals and can further progress the universal goal of health equity
  • Includes five case studies exploring the lessons of the book under different contexts including Antimicrobial Resistance, MERS-CoV, Pandemic Influenza, Refugee Surveillance, and Measles

 

Table of Contents:

1. Past Contributions to Public Health Surveillance

2. CDC Perspectives and Strategy on Emerging Public Health Surveillance Issues and Opportunities

3. Models of Public Health Surveillance

4. Integrated Versus Vertical Public Health Surveillance

5. Reactive Versus Proactive Public Health Surveillance

6. New Public Health Surveillance Evaluation Model

7. New Matrix for Evaluation of Public Health Surveillance

8. Economics of Public Health Surveillance

9. Supply and Demand of the Public Health Workforce

10. Policies, Standards, and Best Practices for Public Health Surveillance

11. Keeping Our World Safe by Integrating Public Health and Global Security

12. Smart Governance of Public Health Surveillance

13. Achieving the Right Balance in Governance of Public Health Surveillance

14. One Health in the 21st Century

15. Collaboration for Biosurveillance

16. Contributions of Military Public Health Surveillance to Global Public Health Security

17. Nonprofit Associations and Cultivating Collaboration to Advance Public Health Surveillance

18. Linking Clinical Medicine Data with Public Health Surveillance for Mutual Benefit

19. Engaging Communities to Transform Public Health Surveillance

20. Art and Science of Interoperability to Create Connections

21. Data Storms are Growing, Everywhere, and Have to Work Together

22. Surveillance Informatics Builds and Ecosystem for Transformation

23. The Human Interaction Required for Visualizing and Manipulating Information

24. Necessary Challenge of Verifying and Validating Public Health Data

25. Public Health Modeling and Data Mining

26. Using Genetic Sequence Data for Public Health Surveillance

27. New Approaches to Analyzing Public Health Data

28. Applied Interdisciplinary Translational Research in Public Health Surveillance

29. Transforming Public Health Surveillance to Measure Progress Towards Health and Equity Through the Millennium Development Goals

30. Research and Innovations Guiding Public Health Surveillance in the 21st Century

31. Improving Health Equity and Sustainability by Transforming Public Health Surveillance

Table of Contents

  • Foreword by
    1. David Ross
    2. James Curran,
    3. Francis Chisaka Kasolo and Kenneth Ofosu-Barko

    Introduction

    SECTION 1. Current State of Public Health Surveillance

    1. Past Contributions

    2. CDC Perspectives and Strategy on Emerging Public Health Surveillance Issues and Opportunities

    3. Models of Public Health Surveillance

    4. Integrated versus Vertical Public Health Surveillance Systems

    5. Reactive versus Proactive Public Health Surveillance

    6. New Public Health Surveillance Evaluation Model

    7. New Matrix for Evaluation of Public Health Surveillance Systems

    8. Economics of Public Health Surveillance

    9. Supply and Demand of the Public Health Workforce

    SECTION 2. Governance Unlocks Transformation

    10. Policies, Standards, and Best Practices for Public Health Surveillance

    11. Keeping Our World Safe by Integrating Public Health and Global Security

    12. Smart Governance of Public Health Surveillance

    13. Achieving the Right Balance in Governance of Public Health Surveillance

    SECTION 3. Collaboration Fuels Transformation

    14. One Health in the Twenty-first Century

    15. Collaboration for Biosurveillance

    16. Contributions of the United States’ Military Public Health Surveillance to Global Public Health Security

    17. Nonprofit Associations and Cultivating Collaboration to Advance Public Health Surveillance

    18. Linking Clinical Medicine Data with Public Health Surveillance for Mutual Benefit

    19. Engaging Communities to Transform Public Health Surveillance

    SECTION 4. Informatics Enables Transformation

    20. Art and Science of Interoperability to Create Connections

    21. Data Storms Are Growing, Everywhere, and Have to Work Together

    22. Surveillance Informatics Builds an Ecosystem for Transformation

    23. The Human Interaction Required for Visualizing and Manipulating Information

    SECTION 5. New Data, Analytics, and Intelligence (Knowledge) Enlightens

    Transformation

    24. Necessary Challenge of Verifying and Validating Public Health Data

    25. Public Health Modeling and Data Mining

    26. Using Genetic Sequence Data for Public Health Surveillance

    27. Multifaceted Approaches and Emerging Trends in Public Health Analytics

    28. Predictive Surveillance: An Outcome of Applied Interdisciplinary Translational Research in Public Health Surveillance

    SECTION 6. Impacts of Transformed Public Health Surveillance

    29. Tracking Progress toward Health and Equity through the Millennium Development Goals—Lessons for Public Health Surveillance

    30. Research and Innovations Guiding Public Health Surveillance in the Twenty-first Century

    31. Improving Health Equity and Sustainability by Transforming Public Health Surveillance

    Glossary
    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 455
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2016
  • Published: May 2, 2016
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780702063374

About the Editors

Scott McNabb

Prior to joining the Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) and serving the 2-year EIS residency in New Orleans, LA, Dr. McNabb worked for 13 years at the Oklahoma State Health Department. Since 1993, most of his professional efforts have focused on supporting those in underdeveloped, underserved global settings. Before retirement from CDC in 2010, he served as Associate Director for Science; Public Health Informatics and Technology Program Office; Office for Surveillance, Epidemiology, and Laboratory Services. From 2006 – 2008, he directed the Division of Integrated Surveillance Systems and Services, National Center for Public Health Informatics, CDC. He is Research Professor and Director of the King Abdullah Fellowship Program (http://kingabdullahfellowship.com) at Emory University, Rollins School of Public Health. Teaching two classes, GH 504 Effective Oral Presentations for Public Health Professionals and GH 592 Successful Scientific Writing for Public Health Professionals, he also teaches in a short-course format: Successful Scientific Writing and Effective Oral Communications and in the University of Michigan Graduate Summer Session. Having mentored 19 students through their M.P.H. or Ph.D., plus 14 fellows through the CDC Public Health Prevention Specialists program, he is jointly appointed in the Hubert Department of Global Health and Department of Epidemiology. He holds an appointment as Adjunct Professor, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Public Health and Health Informatics, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Promoted to Distinguished Consultant in 2005 and nominated for the 2005 CDC Charles C. Shepard Award, he completed the 2004 Senior Executive Services (SES) candidate development program and is certified by the Office of Personnel Management. Dr. McNabb serves on the Editorial Board, Epidemiology and Global Health and in private practice as a Board Member of Ascel Bio, LLC; Senior Consultant and Managing Partner, Public Health Practice, LLC (http://www.publichealthpractice.com); and Senior Consultant, Global Strategies, LLC (http://www.global-strategies.net).

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Professor, King Abdullah Fellowship Program, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

J Mark Conde

Lisa Ferland

Lisa Dwyer Ferland, Public Health Practice, Stockholm, Sweden

Ziad Memish

Stacy Okutani

Meeyoung Park

Meeyoung Mattie Park, Public Health Practice, Atlanta, GA, USA

Affan Shaikh

Affan T. Shaikh is a public health professional with interests in disease prevention and health systems strengthening. With over seven years of professional experience, Affan’s work engages multilateral stakeholders including inter- and intra- governmental organizations, academic intuitions, NGOs, and communities in building local public health capacities, improving health outcomes, and increasing access. He has worked on the ground across 22 different countries, and during the peak of the MERS-CoV outbreak in Saudi Arabia and following the Ebola epidemic in Sierra Leone. More recently he has supported the Africa CDC with their COVID-19 response through innovative public health applications. Through his work, Affan is driven to strengthen health systems using evidence-based research. He has had numerous teaching engagements with Emory University, the University of Michigan, and Columbia University, where he has taught courses on public health surveillance, oral communication, and scientific writing. He has successfully consulted with the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Africa Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, numerous Ministries of Health throughout Africa, the Middle East, and South Asia, and the World Health Organization. In addition to consulting, he serves as a Visiting Scientist for the National Academy of Sciences and as an International Board Member to the Saudi Arabia Centres for Disease Control and Prevention. Affan holds an MPH in International Health from Boston University and a BA in Economics from the University of California, Los Angeles.

Affiliations and Expertise

Public Health Practice, Los Angeles, CA, USA

Vivek Singh

Vivek Virendra Singh, Indian Institute of Public Health, Hyderabad, India