Transform Plate Boundaries and Fracture Zones bridges the gap between plate tectonic theory and geodynamics, offering an assessment of the state-of-the-art, pending questions, and future directions relating to the study of transform plate boundaries and fault zones. The book is divided into two parts that present the main concepts of transform faults and fracture zones, terminology and nomenclature, and then worldwide examples of transform structures and fracture zones. Each chapter follows a consistent format that includes tectonic origin, a brief description of its evolution, present-day observations (e.g. structural geology, GPS, rheology); diversity of seismic activity, and related seismic hazards.
With its multidisciplinary approach and thorough coverage of current research in plate tectonics, this book is a timely reference for a variety of researchers, including geophysicists, seismologists, structural geologists and others working in related fields, such as exploration geophysics and natural hazards.
- Includes a variety of case studies and examples of transform structures and fracture zones, putting the information into a broader context
- Addresses innovative and provocative ideas about the activity of fracture zones in a multidisciplinary and consistent manner
- Reviews basic (but up-to-date) concepts related to plate tectonics and more specialized research
Geophysicists, seismologists, geologists, earth scientists working in related fields such as geodynamics, structural geology, exploration geophysics, natural hazards
1. Franz Lotze and the origin of the idea of Transform Faulting in Central Europe
2. Global characteristics of oceanic transform fault structure and seismicity
3. Topographic and morphologic evidences of deformation at oceanic transform faults: far field and local field stresses
4. Reactivation of Oceanic Fracture Zones in Large Intraplate Earthquakes
5. Mineralization at oceanic transform faults and fracture zones
6. Seismic Behavior on Oceanic Transform Faults at the East Pacific Rise
7. Structural reorganization of the India-Arabia plate boundary (Owen Fracture Zone, NW Indian Ocean) 2.4 million years ago
8. Tsunamigenic Potential of the Gloria Strike-Slip Fault in the NE Atlantic: A Review
9. Continental transform faults: congruence and incongruence with normal plate kinematics
10. The San Andreas Fault System: Complexities along a Major Transform Fault System and Relation to Earthquake Hazards
11. Spatial and temporal distributions of deformation in strike-slip faults: The Karakoram Fault in the India-Asia collision zone
12. Stretching Transforms – Mediterranean examples from the Betic-Alborán, Tyrrhenian-Calabrian and Aegean-Anatolia regions
13. Strike-slip faulting in the Calabrian accretionary wedge: using analog modeling to test the kinematic boundary conditions of geodynamic models
14. Plio-Quaternary extension and strike-slip tectonics in the Aegean
15. Strike-slip fault systems along the northern Caribbean plate boundary
16. Morphotectonics of the Sea of Marmara: basins and highs on the North Anatolian continental transform plate boundary
17. Tectonic segmentation of the Dead Sea Fault system: a review of geophysical evidence
18. Seismicity and Structural Style of Oceanic Transform Faults: Insights from the Troodos Ophiolite
19. Lithological Variations along Strike of New Zealand's Alpine Fault May Affect Fault Seismogenic Slip Rate Behavior and Lower Crustal Rheology
- No. of pages:
- © Elsevier 2019
- 1st October 2018
- Paperback ISBN:
João C. Duarte works in a broad spectrum of problems in the fields of plate tectonics, geodynamics, marine geology and analogue modelling. Having completed his PhD in Geodynamics in 2012, he already has a significant number of publications in highly ranked journals (see CV here: http://idl.ul.pt/joaoduarte.htm) and is one of the editors of a Special issue in the Journal of Geodynamics (Elsevier) on the “200 years of geodynamic modelling”. This volume was the result of a session and a Union Symposium that he convened with other colleagues during the EGU Assembly 2015. He has also collaborated in articles about his work with publications such as National Geographic, New Scientist, Science et Vie, Wired, Live Science, Earth Magazine, and many others (more than 100 articles in more than 20 languages). This was largely due to the impact of a paper that he published in Geology in 2013 on the problem of subduction initiation in the Atlantic.
He started working on the tectonics of the Azores-Gibraltar Fracture Zone (a transform-type plate boundary) around 2004. Presently, he is a member of the management committee, and leader of a working group, of the European Cost-Action “FLOWS” that aims at studding the “Impact of fluid circulation in old oceanic lithosphere on the seismicity of transform-type plate boundaries” (https://www.flows-cost.eu/). This project involves more than 30 institutions from 17 different countries. This year, he was also the main convener of a session at EGU on “Oceanic and Continental transform faults and fracture zones”.
Presently, he is the coordinator of the Marine Geology and Geophysics group in Lisbon (Instituto Dom Luiz, University of Lisbon) and is part of the board of the Tectonics and Structural Geology Division at the European Geosciences Union and representative of the Early Careers Scientists. Additionally, he was awarded the 2017 Arne Richter Award for Outstanding Early Career Scientists.
Research Fellow, University of Lisbon, Portugal and Adjunct Research Fellow, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia