Traffic Planning and Engineering

Traffic Planning and Engineering

Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies

2nd Edition - January 1, 1979

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  • Author: F. D. Hobbs
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483137469

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Description

Traffic Planning and Engineering, Second Edition takes into account underlying trends in traffic planning and engineering. In this edition, Chapter 3 has been remodeled, focusing on the techniques on conducting surveys and their subsequent analysis. Further emphasis has also been provided on environmental management and the central role of computers in all aspects of traffic planning and engineering. The topics discussed in this book include administration and planning in traffic engineering; traffic studies; traffic surveys and analysis; parking; traffic and environmental management; and road user, the vehicle and the road. The traffic stream and capacity; traffic control systems; street lighting, traffic signs, and carriageway markings; and accidents and road safety are also deliberated in this text. This publication is valuable to traffic engineering students, as well as individuals researching on techniques to achieve the safe and efficient movement of people and goods on roadways.

Table of Contents


  • Preface to the Second Edition

    Preface to the First Edition

    Acknowledgments

    1. Administration and Planning in Traffic Engineering

    Pre-nineteenth Century

    Twentieth Century

    Legislation

    Organization of Local Government

    Planning

    Planning for Traffic

    Design of Residential Areas

    Space for Travel

    Further Reading

    2. Traffic Studies

    Volume

    Measurement of Volume

    Volume Characteristics

    Speed

    Measurement of Spot Speed

    Analysis of Spot Speed Measurements

    Speed Characteristics

    Measurement

    Delay

    Presentation of Results

    Significance of Delay

    Miscellaneous Measurements

    Further Reading

    3. Traffic Surveys and Analysis

    Transportation Surveys

    Travel Surveys

    Survey Methods

    Commercial Vehicle, Public Transport and Taxi Cab Surveys

    Home Interview and Questionnaire Survey Procedures

    Checking Travel Data

    Zoning

    Travel Characteristics

    Analysis of Travel Surveys

    Transport Models

    Generalized Cost

    Trip Generation

    Trip Rate Data Banks

    Trip Distribution

    Traffic Assignment

    Modal Choice

    Further Reading

    4. Parking

    Parking Surveys

    Parking Characteristics and Controls

    Street Parking

    Off-street Parking

    Location of Off-street Parking

    On- and Off-loading of Goods

    Further Reading

    5. Traffic and Environmental Management

    Traffic Management

    One-way Streets

    Traffic Studies in Management

    Management for the Pedestrian

    Transport for the Elderly

    General Management Measures

    Public Transport

    Traffic Management in Public Transport

    New Forms of Public Transport

    Measures to Improve Bus Routes

    Congestion and Restraint

    Freight Interchanges

    Segregation Measures

    Environmental Studies and Assessments

    Further Reading

    6. The Road User, the Vehicle and the Road

    The Road User

    Physiological Factors

    The Sensory System

    Vision

    Other Senses

    Applications

    Perception

    The Driving Task

    Modifying Factors in Performance

    Factors which Influence Behavior

    The Vehicle

    Visibility

    Lighting

    Vehicle Warning and Instrument Systems

    Brakes

    Vehicle Dimensions and Weights

    Vehicle Performance

    The Road

    Road Alignment

    Further Reading

    7. The Traffic Stream and Capacity

    The Traffic Stream

    Headways

    Traffic Flow Relationships

    Capacity

    Speed Characteristics

    Overtaking

    Junctions

    Operation

    Vehicle Movements and Maneuvers

    Delays

    Type of Junction

    Roundabouts

    Elements of Design

    Acceleration and Deceleration Lengths

    Grade Separated Interchanges

    Capacity

    Capacity of Junctions and Interchanges

    Further Reading

    8. Traffic Control Systems

    Definitions and Notation

    Capacity of Junctions with Signals

    Cycle Time Choice

    Vehicle Actuated Signals

    Additional Signal Control Facilities

    Bus Signals

    Coordinated Signal Systems

    Area Traffic Control or Wide Area Control

    Traffic Signal Equipment

    Further Reading

    9. Street Lighting, Traffic Signs and Carriageway Markings

    Street Lighting

    General Principles

    Street Lighting Sources

    Lanterns

    Layout

    Traffic Signs

    Visual Attention

    Sign Lettering and Legibility

    Maintenance

    Siting of Signs and Letter Size

    Night Visibility Requirements

    Standards

    Principles of Route Signing

    Carriageway Markings

    Purpose and Types of Marking

    Aids to Night Visibility and Reflectorization

    Further Reading

    10. Accidents and Road Safety

    The Problem

    Road Safety and Accidents

    Accident Reporting and Tabulation

    Accident Records

    Accident Causation and Injury Prevention

    The Vehicle

    Injury

    Crash Injury Improvements

    Safety Equipment

    The Road User

    Road Layouts and Improvements

    Effective Measures for Improving Safety

    Further Reading

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 560
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1979
  • Published: January 1, 1979
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483137469

About the Author

F. D. Hobbs

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