Traffic Planning and Engineering - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780080226972, 9781483137469

Traffic Planning and Engineering

2nd Edition

Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies

Authors: F. D. Hobbs
eBook ISBN: 9781483137469
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1979
Page Count: 560
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Description

Traffic Planning and Engineering, Second Edition takes into account underlying trends in traffic planning and engineering. In this edition, Chapter 3 has been remodeled, focusing on the techniques on conducting surveys and their subsequent analysis. Further emphasis has also been provided on environmental management and the central role of computers in all aspects of traffic planning and engineering. The topics discussed in this book include administration and planning in traffic engineering; traffic studies; traffic surveys and analysis; parking; traffic and environmental management; and road user, the vehicle and the road. The traffic stream and capacity; traffic control systems; street lighting, traffic signs, and carriageway markings; and accidents and road safety are also deliberated in this text. This publication is valuable to traffic engineering students, as well as individuals researching on techniques to achieve the safe and efficient movement of people and goods on roadways.

Table of Contents


Preface to the Second Edition

Preface to the First Edition

Acknowledgments

1. Administration and Planning in Traffic Engineering

Pre-nineteenth Century

Twentieth Century

Legislation

Organization of Local Government

Planning

Planning for Traffic

Design of Residential Areas

Space for Travel

Further Reading

2. Traffic Studies

Volume

Measurement of Volume

Volume Characteristics

Speed

Measurement of Spot Speed

Analysis of Spot Speed Measurements

Speed Characteristics

Measurement

Delay

Presentation of Results

Significance of Delay

Miscellaneous Measurements

Further Reading

3. Traffic Surveys and Analysis

Transportation Surveys

Travel Surveys

Survey Methods

Commercial Vehicle, Public Transport and Taxi Cab Surveys

Home Interview and Questionnaire Survey Procedures

Checking Travel Data

Zoning

Travel Characteristics

Analysis of Travel Surveys

Transport Models

Generalized Cost

Trip Generation

Trip Rate Data Banks

Trip Distribution

Traffic Assignment

Modal Choice

Further Reading

4. Parking

Parking Surveys

Parking Characteristics and Controls

Street Parking

Off-street Parking

Location of Off-street Parking

On- and Off-loading of Goods

Further Reading

5. Traffic and Environmental Management

Traffic Management

One-way Streets

Traffic Studies in Management

Management for the Pedestrian

Transport for the Elderly

General Management Measures

Public Transport

Traffic Management in Public Transport

New Forms of Public Transport

Measures to Improve Bus Routes

Congestion and Restraint

Freight Interchanges

Segregation Measures

Environmental Studies and Assessments

Further Reading

6. The Road User, the Vehicle and the Road

The Road User

Physiological Factors

The Sensory System

Vision

Other Senses

Applications

Perception

The Driving Task

Modifying Factors in Performance

Factors which Influence Behavior

The Vehicle

Visibility

Lighting

Vehicle Warning and Instrument Systems

Brakes

Vehicle Dimensions and Weights

Vehicle Performance

The Road

Road Alignment

Further Reading

7. The Traffic Stream and Capacity

The Traffic Stream

Headways

Traffic Flow Relationships

Capacity

Speed Characteristics

Overtaking

Junctions

Operation

Vehicle Movements and Maneuvers

Delays

Type of Junction

Roundabouts

Elements of Design

Acceleration and Deceleration Lengths

Grade Separated Interchanges

Capacity

Capacity of Junctions and Interchanges

Further Reading

8. Traffic Control Systems

Definitions and Notation

Capacity of Junctions with Signals

Cycle Time Choice

Vehicle Actuated Signals

Additional Signal Control Facilities

Bus Signals

Coordinated Signal Systems

Area Traffic Control or Wide Area Control

Traffic Signal Equipment

Further Reading

9. Street Lighting, Traffic Signs and Carriageway Markings

Street Lighting

General Principles

Street Lighting Sources

Lanterns

Layout

Traffic Signs

Visual Attention

Sign Lettering and Legibility

Maintenance

Siting of Signs and Letter Size

Night Visibility Requirements

Standards

Principles of Route Signing

Carriageway Markings

Purpose and Types of Marking

Aids to Night Visibility and Reflectorization

Further Reading

10. Accidents and Road Safety

The Problem

Road Safety and Accidents

Accident Reporting and Tabulation

Accident Records

Accident Causation and Injury Prevention

The Vehicle

Injury

Crash Injury Improvements

Safety Equipment

The Road User

Road Layouts and Improvements

Effective Measures for Improving Safety

Further Reading

Index

Details

No. of pages:
560
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1979
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483137469

About the Author

F. D. Hobbs