This volume gives an overview of the trends in Traffic and Transport Psychology. It reflects the considerable development of the most important factors for driving a road vehicle, and the variety of international research approaches.
The first part contains basic approaches and integrated models as well as general theories and their implementation into Traffic and Transport Psychology.
The second part deals with the driver, especially cognition, performance, social and differential effects and impairment. Important aspects are treated, such as speed perception, reaction times, interaction, risk acceptance, aggression and gender differences. Special chapters refer to performance and fatigue.
The third part focuses on safety, driver support, selection and influencing drivers by enforcement, training and programs for the rehabilitation of traffic offenders. Classic ergonomic methods are discussed as well as modern telematic devices, or trends regarding driver-assessment.
In the last part, current developments are presented in relation to better mobility and the protection of the environment. Questions are asked, such as whether we could reduce the use of cars, how travel behaviour can be modified or to what extent the use of alternatives to motor vehicles benefits safety as well as the environment.
This work is not only important for psychologists. It should be read by all transport professionals interested in the application of psychology to traffic.
Practitioners, psychologists, ergonomists, engineers and policy-makers with an interest in traffic and transport
General. Introduction.(T. Rothengatter, R. D. Huguenin). Driver Behaviour as a Hierarchical System. (E. Keskinen et al.). Behavioural Adaptation to In-Vehicle Safety Measures: Past Ideas and Future Directions. (C. M. Brown, Y. Ian Noy). Theories of Science in Traffic Psychology. (R. Risser, W-R. Nickel). Road User. Cognition and Performance. Cognitive Effects of Environmental Knowledge on Urban Route Planning Strategies. (S. Chalmé et al.). Perception of Speed and Increments in Cars. (M. A. Recarte et al.). Comparison of Reaction Times at Low and High Speeds. (Tomoyuki Fuse et al.). Comprehension and Evaluation of Road Users' Signalling - An International Comparison between Finland, Germany and Japan. (Kazumi Renge et al.). Interaction and Communication in Dynamic Control Tasks: Ship Handling and Car Driving. (C. Chauvin, F. Saad). Training of Tram Drivers in Workload Management – Workload Assessment in Real Life and in a Driving/Traffic Simulator. (M. Normann et al.). Social and Differential Psychology. Road Safety: What Has Social Psychology to Offer? (D. Parker). Risk Taking and Self-Efficacy among Young Male Drivers: Self-Efficacy and Changing Task Demands. (P. Delhomme, T. Meyer). Errors, Lapses and Violations in the Drivers of Heavy Vehicles. (M. J. M. Sullman et al.). Anger and Aggression in Driving and Non-Driving Contexts. (P. R. Chapman et al.). Abusing the Roadway "Commons": Understanding Aggressive Driving Through an Environmental Preservation Theory. (B. E. Porter, T. D. Berry). Characteristics and Crash-Involvement of Speeding, Violating and Thrill-Seeking Drivers. (S. Stradling et al.). Driver Behaviour and its Consequence: The Case of Chinese Drivers. (Cheng-qiu Xie et al.). Are Female Drivers Adopting Male Drivers' Way of Driving? (S. Laapotti, E. Keskinen). The Relationship between Accidents and Near-Accidents in a Sample of Company Vehicle Drivers. (K. L Roberts et al.). Impairment. Fatigue an
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- © Elsevier Science 2004
- 1st July 2004
- Elsevier Science
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University of Groningen, Netherlands