Towards A Semantic Web

Towards A Semantic Web

Connecting Knowledge in Academic Research

1st Edition - January 14, 2011
  • Authors: Bill Cope, Mary Kalantzis, Liam Magee
  • Paperback ISBN: 9781843346012
  • eBook ISBN: 9781780631745

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Description

This book addresses the question of how knowledge is currently documented, and may soon be documented in the context of what it calls ‘semantic publishing’. This takes two forms: a more narrowly and technically defined ‘semantic web’; as well as a broader notion of semantic publishing. This book examines the ways in which knowledge is represented in journal articles and books. By contrast, it goes on to explore the potential impacts of semantic publishing on academic research and authorship. It sets this in the context of changing knowledge ecologies: the way research is done; the way knowledge is represented and; the modes of knowledge access used by researchers, students and the general public.

Key Features

  • Provides an introduction to the ‘semantic web’ and semantic publishing for readers outside the field of computer science
  • Discusses the relevance of the ‘semantic web’ and semantic publishing more broadly, and its application to academic research
  • Examines the changing ecologies of knowledge production

Readership

Researchers, students and practitioners in the fields of library science, research methods and computer science

Table of Contents

  • List of figures and tables Figures

    Authors

    Chapter 1: Changing knowledge systems in the era of the social web

    From print to digital text

    Distributed knowledge systems: the changing role of the university

    About this book

    Chapter 2: Frameworks for knowledge representation

    Putting things in order

    Introducing the semantic web

    Towards a framing of semantics

    Chapter 3: The meaning of meaning: alternative disciplinary perspectives

    Linguistic semantics

    Cognitive semantics

    Social semantics

    Computational semantics

    Chapter 4: What does the digital do to knowledge making?

    The work of knowledge representation in the age of its digital reproducibility

    The old and the new in the representation of meaning in the era of its digital reproduction

    The hyperbole of the virtual

    The hype in hypertext

    The mechanics of rendering

    A new navigational order

    Multimodality

    The ubiquity of recording and documentation

    A shift in the balance of representational agency

    A new dynamics of difference

    Conclusions

    Chapter 5: Books and journal articles: the textual practices of academic knowledge

    The role of knowledge representation in knowledge design

    The scholarly monograph

    The academic journal

    Future knowledge systems

    Conclusions

    Chapter 6: Textual representations and knowledge support-systems in research intensive networks

    Introduction

    Towards an ontology of knowledge

    The theory of hierarchically complex systems

    Research knowledge and the dynamics of hierarchically complex systems

    Implications for managing research enterprises in a knowledge society

    Public knowledge and the notion of a public knowledge space

    Public knowledge and contextual information management practices

    Public knowledge and the role of knowledge brokering

    Conclusions

    Appendix: a preliminary ontology for research knowledge support;

    Chapter 7: An historical introduction to formal knowledge systems

    Pre-modernity: logical lineages

    Early modernity: the mechanisation of thought

    Crises in modernity: the order of logic and the chaos of history

    Chapter 8: Contemporary dilemmas: tables versus webs

    Ordering the world by relations

    Early threads of the semantic web

    Shifting trends or status quo?

    Systems of knowledge: modern and postmodern

    Knowledge systems in social context

    Chapter 9: Upper-level ontologies

    A survey of upper-level ontologies

    A dialogical account of ontology engineering

    Conclusions: assessing commensurability

    Appendix: upper-level ontologies— supplementary data

    Chapter 10: Describing knowledge domains: a case study of biological ontologies

    Biological ontologies

    Biological cultures, ontological cultures

    Ontological objects

    Towards compromise: ontologies in practice

    Chapter 11: On commensurability

    A world of ‘material intangibles’: social structures, conceptual schemes and cultural perspectives

    De-structuring critiques: struggling with systems, structures and schemes

    Interlude: constructions of science

    Elastic structures: linking the linguistic, the cognitive and the social

    Towards a framework…

    Chapter 12: A framework for commensurability

    What to measure—describing ‘ontological cultures’

    Presenting a framework for commensurability

    Applying the framework

    Chapter 13: Creating an interlanguage of the social web

    The discursive practice of markup

    Structural markup

    Metamarkup: developing markup frameworks

    Developing an interlanguage mechanism

    Schema alignment for semantic publishing: the example of Common Ground Markup Language

    What tagging schemas do

    Interlanguage

    Chapter 14: Interoperability and the exchange of humanly usable digital content

    Introduction

    The transformation of digital content

    The XML-based interlanguage approach: two examples

    The ontology-based interlanguage approach: OntoMerge

    Evaluating approaches to interoperability

    Addressing the translation problem: emergent possibilities

    Conclusions

    Acknowledgements

    Chapter 15: Framing a new agenda for semantic publishing

    The academic language game

    Disciplinarity, or the reason why strategically unnatural language is sometimes powerfully perceptive

    Experiential knowledge processes

    Conceptual knowledge processes

    Analytical knowledge processes

    Applied knowledge processes

    Towards a new agenda for semantic publishing

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 544
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Chandos Publishing 2011
  • Published: January 14, 2011
  • Imprint: Chandos Publishing
  • Paperback ISBN: 9781843346012
  • eBook ISBN: 9781780631745

About the Authors

Bill Cope

Dr Bill Cope is Research Professor in the Department of Educational Policy Studies, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, USA and Director of Common Ground Publishing. He is the co-author or editor of a number of books, including, with Angus Phillips, The Future of the Book in the Digital Age, also published by Chandos, in 2006.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Illinois and Common Ground Publishing, USA

Mary Kalantzis

Dr Mary Kalantzis is Dean of the College of Education at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign and, with Bill Cope, co-author of The Powers of Literacy, University of Pittsburgh Press, 1993; Multiliteracies: Literacy Learning and the Design of Social Futures, Routledge, 2000; New Learning: Elements of a Science of Education, Cambridge University Press, 2008; and Ubiquitous Learning, University of Illinois Press, 2009.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Illinois, USA

Liam Magee

Dr Liam Magee is a research project leader at RMIT University in Melbourne, Australia, working on the theory and practice of the semantic web.

Affiliations and Expertise

Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT) University, Australia