Toward a Consensus on Military Service

Toward a Consensus on Military Service

Report of the Atlantic Council's Working Group on Military Service

1st Edition - January 1, 1980

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  • Authors: Andrew J. Goodpaster, Lloyd H. Elliott, J. Allan Hovey
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483138244

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Toward a Consensus on Military Service: Report of the Atlantic Council's Working Group on Military Service compiles the work of several authors who are all members of Working Group on Military service. Each chapter tackles relevant issues regarding the U.S. peacetime military volunteer force, such as its previous experiences and future prospects. The opening chapter covers the setting, which in turn provides a geopolitical overview of the issues faced by the U.S. military. The next chapter discusses the history of American military recruitment system, from colonial times up to the last draft era. Chapter 3 tackles the present and future of the U.S. security requirements, while the next chapter discusses the concept of an all-volunteer force as well as its implications. The fifth chapter provides an analysis of the experience and prospects of military reserves in the all-volunteer era. Chapter 6 discusses the possible repercussions of an all-volunteer forces as well as the possible remedy of such predicament. Chapter 7 explains several recruitment options for both active and reserve forces, while the Chapter 8 discusses the use of a compulsory military service when an all-volunteer system is proven inadequate. The ninth chapter examines the relationship between how the U.S. military builds up its military manpower and how it affects U.S. society both morally and ethically. The last chapter provides recommendation based on the information inferred from the previous chapter.

Table of Contents

  • List of Figures

    List of Tables



    Members of the Working Group on Military Service

    Additional Participants in the Regional American Assembly

    1 The Setting

    Challenges to United States Security Interests

    How Soviet Policy and Power Affect Us

    The Role of Manpower: Keeping the Peace in a Nuclear Age

    Differences of Attitudes and Policy Among the Allies

    National Security and American Society

    2 Military Manpower: The American Experience and The Enduring Debate

    Colonial Militia to San Juan Hill

    The First Modern Formulations: 1900-1919

    Peace, Prosperity, and Depression

    The Debates of 1940

    War Years

    Postwar Debates

    Cold War

    Vietnam, Draft Reform, and a Campaign Promise

    The Volume of Logic

    Selected Bibliography

    3 U.S. Security Requirements: Missions, Manpower, Readiness, Mobilization, and Projection of Forces



    Missions and Manpower


    Manpower Mobilization

    Force Projection


    4 The All-Volunteer Force: Status and Prospects of the Active Forces


    Origins of the All-Volunteer Force

    Performance of the All-Volunteer Force

    Perceptions and Prospects

    Appendix: Methodology for Calculating Revised Category IV Percentages

    5 The All-Volunteer Force Today: Mobilization Manpower


    Selected Reserves: Status and Prospects

    The Individual Ready Reserve: Status and Prospects

    Selective Service: Status and Prospects

    Balance Sheet and Projections

    6 Beyond the Marketplace: National Service and the AVF

    The All-Volunteer Force: Institution or Occupation

    The Consequences of Occupational Military Manpower Policies

    The Effect of Occupational Policies on the Career Force

    Implications of Occupational Policies for Military Effectiveness

    The Context of Long-Term Organizational Adaptation

    Provisions of a GI Bill for the AVF

    Citizen-Soldier and Professional Soldier: Complementary Roles

    A Program for Civilian National Service

    7 Peacetime Voluntary Options


    Long-Term Trends

    Three Unresolved Issues

    Criteria for the Voluntary Option

    Analysis of Criteria

    Enlistment Options

    Specific Recommendations

    In Conclusion

    Appendix: The Effects of Shorter Active-Duty Terms of Service

    8 Obligatory Service: The Fundamental and Secondary Choices


    Triggers, Precepts, and Paradoxes

    Frailties of Universal Conscription

    The Modest Alternatives: A Draft for the Reserves

    Conscription for Active Military Service

    Terms of an Active-Duty Draft


    The Options and the Essential Objective

    9 Military Service in American Society

    The American "Tradition"

    The Contemporary Setting

    10 The Policy Paper: Toward a Consensus on Military Service, the Atlantic Council's Working Group on Military Service


    Defining Today's Security Requirements

    The All-Volunteer Experience

    The Options

    Conclusion: Findings and Recommendations

    Appendix I: Comments and Dissents

    Appendix II: Tables


    About the Co-Chairmen and Rapporteur

Product details

  • No. of pages: 344
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1980
  • Published: January 1, 1980
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483138244

About the Authors

Andrew J. Goodpaster

Lloyd H. Elliott

J. Allan Hovey

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