Tone - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780122673504, 9781483273761


1st Edition

A Linguistic Survey

Editors: Victoria A. Fromkin
eBook ISBN: 9781483273761
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th August 1978
Page Count: 304
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Tone: A Linguistic Survey is a nine-chapter text that considers the phonetics and phonology of tone from both a synchronic and a diachronic point of view.

The first chapters deal with the physiological and perceptual correlations of tone. These chapters also describe the interactions of tonal and nontonal features. The succeeding chapters provide the phonetic basis for phonological tonal phenomena. These topics are followed by discussions of the physical and physiological aspects of tone, the number of possible contrastive tones in a language, and a suprasegmental representation of tones based on linguistic evidence. This text also summarizes the kinds of tone rules found in languages and the important syntactic function played by tone in a number of the world’s languages, particularly those in Africa. The final chapters look into the general and specific principles that constrain historical tone change.

This book will prove useful to students with phonology course.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors



I Production of Tone

1. Introduction

2. Review of Laryngeal Anatomy and Physiology

3. Brief History of Research on Pitch Regulation

4. Recent Issues in Laryngeal Physiology

5. First Steps Toward Explaining Universal Tone Patterns


II The Perception of Tone

1. Introduction

2. Acoustic Correlates of Tone

3. Perceptual Effects of Tone Sandhi

4. Differential Threshold for Pitch

5. Categorical Perception of Tone

6. Hemispheric Specialization for Tonal Processing

7. Multidimensional Scaling Analysis of Tone Perception

8. Concluding Remarks


III Consonant Types, Vowel Quality, and Tone

1. Introduction

2. Effect of Consonant Types on Tone

3. Effect of Tone on Consonants

4. Effects of Vowel Quality on Tone

5. Other Types of Tone Changes


IV What Is a Tone Language?

1. Standard Japanese

2. Mandarin Chinese

3. Enlarging the Typology

4. A Postscript on Syllables and Moras


V Tone Features

1. Introduction

2. Tone Levels

3. Tonal Contours

4. Feature Systems for Tonal Analysis


VI The Representation of Tone

1. Introduction

2. Etsako

3. Mende

4. Hausa


VII Tone Rules

1. The Formalization of Tone Rules

2. Interaction of Tones and Segments

3. Rules Which Determine the Domain of a Tone

4. Rules Which Operate within a Given Segmental Domain

5. Tone and Intonation

6. Paradigmatic Replacement of Tones

7. Grammatical Tone and Grammaticalized Tone Rules


VIII Historical Tonology

1. Introduction

2. General Principles

3. Tonally Induced Change

4. Accentually Induced Change

5. Boundary-Induced Change

6. Segmentally Induced Change

7. Conclusion


IX The Acquisition of Tone

1. Introduction

2. The Questions

3. The Data

4. Discussion

5. Directions for Further Research


Language Index

Subject Index


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 1978
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

Victoria A. Fromkin

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