Thermodynamics - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781785481765, 9780081017890

Thermodynamics

1st Edition

Authors: Jean-Paul Duroudier
eBook ISBN: 9780081017890
Hardcover ISBN: 9781785481765
Imprint: ISTE Press - Elsevier
Published Date: 2nd August 2016
Page Count: 290
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Description

Thermodynamics includes thirteen independent volumes that define how to perform the selection and calculation of equipment involved in the thirteen basic operations of process engineering, offering reliable and simple methods. Throughout these concise and easy-to-use books, the author uses his vast practical experience and precise knowledge of global research to present an in-depth study of a variety of aspects within the field of chemical engineering.

The main concepts of thermodynamics are presented in detail, and their importance is demonstrated through their various practical applications. In this volume, the author provides a general introduction into the study of thermodynamics. Across the five chapters, users will find different concepts involved in the study of energy, including systems, states, energy, laws, and their associated theorems.

In addition, the author provides the methods needed for understanding the machinery used in applied thermodynamics to encourage students and engineers to build the programs they need themselves.

Key Features

  • Provides detailed descriptions of thermodynamic phenomena
  • Presents clear analysis and practical applications
  • Includes different concepts involved in the study of energy, including systems, states, energy, laws, and their associated theorems

Readership

Students and engineers in Process and Chemical Engineering; those working in the Chemical, Food, Pharmaceutical and Oil industries

Table of Contents

  • Dedication
  • Preface
  • 1: A Logical Presentation of Thermodynamics
    • Abstract
    • 1.1 Concepts in thermodynamics
    • 1.2 Tenets of thermodynamics
    • 1.3 First law of thermodynamics and internal energy
    • 1.4 Second law and entropy
    • 1.5 Gibbs energy and Euler’s theorem
    • 1.6 Values of state. Thermodynamic potentials
    • 1.7 Use of the concept of entropy – thermal machines and entropy analysis
    • 1.8 Gibbs–Duhem and Gibbs–Helmholtz equations
    • 1.9 Entropy and statistical physics
  • 2: Equations of State and Fugacities
    • Abstract
    • 2.1 Perfect gases
    • 2.2 Mixture of perfect gases
    • 2.3 Real chemical species in the pure state
    • 2.4 Properties of real mixtures
    • 2.5 Characterization of crude-oil-based mixtures
    • 2.6 Conclusion
  • 3: Solution Activity Coefficients
    • Abstract
    • 3.1 Mixtures in the liquid state (non-electrolytes)
    • 3.2 Equilibrium between crystal and solution
    • 3.3 Electric field of Debye and Hückel [DEB 23]
    • 3.4 Two approximate calculation methods (electrolytes) [MEI 80] and [HEL 81]
    • 3.5 Osmotic coefficient (electrolytes), [MEI 80] and [HEL 81]
    • 3.6 Cruz and Renon’s theoretical and practical review [CRU 78]
  • 4: Laws Governing the Transfer of Material and Heat Between Two Immiscible Fluids Electrolytes and their Diffusion
    • Abstract
    • 4.1 Fick’s law [FIC 55]
    • 4.2 Maxwell–Stefan equations
    • 4.3 Matrix resolution of the M.–S equations
    • 4.4 Simultaneous transfers of material and heat
    • 4.5 Diffusion of electrolytes
    • 4.6 Determination of diffusivities
    • 4.7 Concepts concerning batteries and electrolytic cells
  • 5: Calculation of the Equilibrium Between Two Fluids
    • Abstract
    • 5.1 General
    • 5.2 Representation of liquid–vapor equilibria
    • 5.3 Calculation of the equilibria between two fluids
    • 5.4 A limiting case: Henry’s law
    • 5.5 Liquid–liquid equilibrium: general points and representations
    • 5.6 Calculation of liquid–liquid equilibria: binary mixtures
    • 5.7 Ternary mixtures
    • 5.8 Equilibria in the supercritical domain
  • Appendix 1: Indefinite Integrals Useful for the Calculation of the Functions of State on the Basis of a Cubic Equation
    • A1.1 Expression of the “cubic” equation
    • A1.2 Expressions of the integrals
  • Appendix 2: Solving Third- and Fourth-degree Equations: Searching for Dimensioless Groups
    • A2.1 Third-degree equation
    • A2.2 Fourth-degree equation
    • A2.3 Finding dimensionless groups expressing a physical law
  • Appendix 3: A Few Important Identities
    • A3.1 Theorem of reciprocity
    • A3.2 Closed-loop derivation
    • A3.3 Cascaded derivation
    • A3.4 Rational fractions and simple elements
  • Appendix 4: A Few Expressions for Partial Vapor Pressures
    • A4.1 Henry’s constant
    • A4.2 Empirical formulae
  • Appendix 5: Numerical Calculation of the Solution to F(X) = 0
  • Appendix 6: Jacobian Method
  • Appendix 7: Characteristics of Various Gases
  • Appendix 8: The CGS Electromagnetic System
    • A8.1 Potential in the international system (SI) and in the CGS electromagnetic system
    • A8.2 Other units in SI and CGSEM
  • Appendix 9: Resistance, Conductance, Diffusance
  • Bibliography
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
290
Language:
English
Copyright:
© ISTE Press - Elsevier 2017
Published:
Imprint:
ISTE Press - Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9780081017890
Hardcover ISBN:
9781785481765

About the Author

Jean-Paul Duroudier

Jean-Paul Duroudier is an engineer from Ecole centrale de Paris, France. He has devoted his professional life to the study of materials in chemical engineering.

Affiliations and Expertise

Engineer, Ecole Centrale de Paris, France