Thermodynamics, Solubility and Environmental Issues

Thermodynamics, Solubility and Environmental Issues

1st Edition - April 20, 2007

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  • Editor: Trevor Letcher
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444527073
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080481036

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Description

Environmental problems are becoming an important aspect of our lives as industries grow apace with populations throughout the world. Thermodynamics, Solubility and Environmental Issues highlights some of the problems and shows how chemistry can help to reduce these them. The unifying theme is Solubility – the most basic and important of thermodynamic properties. This informative book looks at the importance and applications of solubility and thermodynamics, in understanding and in reducing chemical pollution in the environment. Written by experts in their respective fields and representing the latest findings in this very important and broad area. A collection of twenty-five chapters cover a wide range of topics including; mining, polymer manufacture and applications, radioactive wastes, industries in general, agro-chemicals, soil pollution and biology, together with the basic theory and recent developments in the modelling of environmental pollutants.

Key Features

  • Latest research into solving some of the most important environmental problems
  • Covering new technologies, new chemicals and new processes eg, biodegradable polymers, ionic liquids and green chemistry
  • Contains the basic theories and underlying importance of solubility

Readership

For consultants, industrial/local authority scientists, researchers and graduate and post-graduate students

Table of Contents

  • Basic Theory and Modelling
    Chapter 1: An introduction to modelling of pollutants in the environment (T.M. Letcher).

    Chapter 2: Modelling the solubility in water of environmentally important organic compounds
    (E. Estrada et al.).

    Chapter 3: Modeling of contaminant leaching (M. Diaz, D. Apul).

    Industry and Mining
    Chapter 4: Supercritical fluids and reductions in environmental pollution (K. Yamanaka, H. Ohtaki).

    Chapter 5: Phase equilibrium studies on ionic liquid systems for industrial separation processes of complex organic mixtures (P. Reddy, T.M. Letcher).

    Chapter 6: Environmental and solubility issues related to novel corrosion control (W.J. van Ooij, P. Puomi).

    Chapter 7: The behaviour of iron and aluminum in acid mine drainage: speciation, mineralogy, and environmental significance (J.S. España).

    Radioactive Wastes
    Chapter 8: An evaluation of solubility limits on maximum uranium concentrations in groundwater (T. Iwatsuki, R.C. Arthur).

    Chapter 9 : Leaching from cementitious materials used in radioactive waste disposal sites (K. Yokozeki).

    Air, Water, Soil and Remediation
    Chapter 10: Solubility of carbon dioxide in natural systems (J. Salminen et al.).

    Chapter 11: Estimation of the volatilization of organic chemicals from soil (E. Voutsas).

    Chapter 12: Solubility and the phytoextraction of arsenic from soils by two different fern species
    (V. Campos).

    Chapter 13: Environmental issues of gasoline additives – aqueous solubility and spills (J. Bergendahl).

    Chapter 14: Ecotoxicity of ionic liquids in an aquatic environment (D. Pieraccini et al.).

    Chapter 15: Rhamnolipid biosurfactants: solubility and environmental issues (C.N. Mulligan).

    Chapter 16: Sorption, lipophilicity and partitioning phenomena of ionic liquids in environmental systems (P. Stepnowski).

    Chapter 17: The solubility of hydroxyaluminosilicates and the biological availability of aluminium (C. Exley).

    Chapter 18: Apatite group minerals: solubility and environmental remediation (M.C.F. Magalhães, P.A. Williams).

    Polymer Related Issues
    Chapter 19: Solubility of gases and vapors in polylactide polymers (R.A. Auras).

    Chapter 20: Biodegradable material obtained from renewable resource:plasticized sodium caseinate films (J-L. Audic et al.).

    Chapter 21: Supercritical carbon dioxide as a green solvent for polymer synthesis (C.D. Wood et al.).

    Chapter 22: Solubility of plasticizers, polymers and environmental pollution (E. Białecka Florjańczyk, Z. Florjańczyk).

    Pesticides and Pollution Exposure in Humans
    Chapter 23: Solubility issues in environmental pollution (A. Arce, A. Soto).

    Chapter 24: Hazard identification and human exposure to pesticides (A. Garrido Frenich et al.).

    Chapter 25: Solubility and body fluids (E. Königsberger, LC Königsberger).

Product details

  • No. of pages: 492
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier Science 2007
  • Published: April 20, 2007
  • Imprint: Elsevier Science
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444527073
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080481036

About the Editor

Trevor Letcher

Trevor Letcher
Professor Letcher was Professor of Chemistry, and Head of Department in South Africa (University of the Witwatersrand, Rhodes University and Natal) (1969 -2004). He has published over 300 papers on chemical thermodynamic topics in peer reviewed journals; and 100 papers in popular science and education journals. He has edited and written 28 books ranging from Future Energy Climate Change, Storing Energy, Wind Energy, Solar Energy, Managing Global Warming and Unraveling Environmental Disasters. He has been awarded gold medals by the South African Institute of Chemistry and the South African Association for the Advancement of Science. He is currently Emeritus Professor at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa and living in the United Kingdom.

Affiliations and Expertise

Emeritus Professor, School of Chemistry, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

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