Thermodynamics of Non-Equilibrium Processes for Chemists with a Particular Application to Catalysis consists of materials adapted from lectures on the thermodynamics of nonequilibrium processes that have been taught at the Department of Natural Sciences of Novosibirsk State University since 1995. The thermodynamics of nonequilibrium processes traditionally required students to have a strong background in physics. However, the materials featured in this volume allow anyone with knowledge in classical thermodynamics of equilibrium processes and traditional chemical kinetics to understand the subject. Topics discussed include systems in the thermodynamics of irreversible processes; thermodynamics of systems that are close to and far from equilibrium; thermodynamics of catalysts; the application of nonequilibrium thermodynamics to material science; and the relationship between entropy and information. This book will be helpful for research into complex chemical transformations, particularly catalytic transformations.
Applies simple approaches of non-equilibrium thermodynamics to analyzing properties of chemically reactive systems
Covers systems far from equilibrium, allowing the consideration of most chemically reactive systems of a chemical or biological nature
This approach resolves many complicated problems in the teaching of chemical kinetics
Undergraduate and PhD students in chemical, chemical engineering or biological departments and researchers engaged in chemical kinetics, catalysis, chemical engineering and biophysics
List of Main Symbols An Introduction to the Problems under Discussion Chapter 1. Systems in Thermodynamics of Nonequilibrium Processes 1.1. Definitions 1.2. The Second Law of Thermodynamics as Applied to Open Systems 1.2.1. Entropy Changes in an Open System 1.2.2. Nonequilibrium Systems with Uniform and Time-Constant Temperature and Pressure 1.2.3. Fluxes of Thermodynamic Parameters 1.2.4. The Thermodynamic Conjugation of Processes 1.3. Fluxes and Thermodynamic Forces in Spatially Homogeneous Chemically Reactive Systems 1.3.1. The “Thermodynamic” Form of Kinetic Equations 1.3.2. The Relationship between the Stationary Rate and the Thermodynamic Forces of a Stepwise Stoichiometric Process 1.3.3. Chemical Potentials of Intermediates 1.4. The Kinetic-Thermodynamic Analysis of the Stationary Mode of Noncatalytic Stepwise Reactions 1.4.1. Independence of the Stationary Rate of the Standard Thermodynamic Parameters of the Reaction Intermediates 1.4.2. Criteria of Kinetic Irreversibility of Chemical Reactions 1.4.3. Rate-Limiting, Rate-Determining, and Rate-Controlling Steps 1.4.4. Rate-Determining Parameters of a Sequence of Monomolecular Reactions 1.4.5. Apparent Activation Energy of a Stepwise Process 1.4.6. Rate-Limiting Steps, Rate-Determining Parameters, and Apparent Activation Energy of Simple Schemes of Chemical Transformations 1.4.7. Qualitative Analysis of Some Peculiarities of Stationary States of Stepwise Processes 1.5. Thermodynamic Forces in Spatially Nonuniform Systems 1.5.1. Calculating the Thermodynamic Forces in Spatially Nonuniform Systems 1.5.2. Calculating the Thermodynamic Forces in Spatially Inhomogeneous Systems 1.6. Chapter Exercises References Chapter 2. Thermodynamics of Systems Close to Equilibrium 2.1.
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- © Elsevier Science 2010
- 8th October 2009
- Elsevier Science
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Institution of the Russian Academy of Sciences, The Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, of Siberian Branch of the RAS