Thermal Stresses and Temperature Control of Mass Concrete

1st Edition

Authors: Zhu Bofang Zhu Bofang
Hardcover ISBN: 9780124077232
eBook ISBN: 9780124078543
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 31st October 2013
Page Count: 518
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Methods of controlling mass concrete temperatures range from relatively simple to complex and from inexpensive too costly. Depending on a particular situation, it may be advantageous to use one or more methods over others. Based on the author’s 50 years of personal experience in designing mass concrete structures, Thermal Stresses and Temperature Control of Mass Concrete provides a clear and rigorous guide to selecting the right techniques to meet project-specific and financial needs. New techniques such as long time superficial thermal insulation, comprehensive temperature control, and MgO self-expansive concrete are introduced.

Key Features

  • Methods for calculating the temperature field and thermal stresses in dams, docks, tunnels, and concrete blocks and beams on elastic foundations
  • Thermal stress computations that take into account the influences of all factors and simulate the process of construction
  • Analytical methods for determining thermal and mechanical properties of concrete
  • Formulas for determining water temperature in reservoirs and temperature loading of arched dams
  • New numerical monitoring methods for mass and semi-mature aged concrete


Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Construction Managers, Structural Engineers, Geotechnical Engineers, and Earthquake Engineers

Table of Contents


About the Author

1. Introduction

1.1 The Significance of Thermal Stress in Mass Concrete

1.2 The Features of Thermal Stresses in Concrete Structures

1.3 The Variation of Temperature and Thermal Stress of Mass Concrete with Time

1.4 Kinds of Thermal Stress

1.5 Analysis of Thermal Stress of a Massive Concrete Structure

1.6 Thermal Stress—The Cause of Crack

1.7 Technical Measures for Control of Thermal Stress and Prevention of Cracking

1.8 The Experience of the Temperature Control and Crack Prevention of Mass Concrete in the Last 30 Years

2. Conduction of Heat in Mass Concrete, Boundary Conditions, and Methods of Solution

2.1 Differential Equation of Heat Conduction, Initial and Boundary Conditions

2.2 Surface Conductance and Computation of Superficial Thermal Insulation

2.3 Air Temperature

2.4 Temperature Increments due to Sunshine

2.5 Estimation of Water Temperature in Reservoir

2.6 Numerical Computation of Water Temperature in Reservoir

2.7 Thermal Properties of Concrete

2.8 Heat of Hydration of Cement and the Adiabatic Temperature Rise of Concrete

2.9 Temperature on the Surface of Dam

2.10 The Autogenous Deformation of Concrete

2.11 Semi-Mature Age of Concrete

2.12 Deformation of Concrete Caused by Change of Humidity

2.13 Coefficients of Thermal Expansion of Concrete

2.14 Solution of Temperature Field by Finite Difference Method

3. Temperature Field in the Operation Period of a Massive Concrete Structure

3.1 Depth of Influence of the Variation of Exterior Temperature in the Operation Period

3.2 Variation of Concrete Temperature from the Beginning of Construction to the Period of Operation

3.3 Steady Temperature Field of Concrete Dams

4. Placing Temperature and Temperature Rise of Concrete Lift due to Hydration He


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About the Author

Zhu Bofang

Zhu Bofang