Thermal, Mechanical, and Hybrid Chemical Energy Storage Systems

Thermal, Mechanical, and Hybrid Chemical Energy Storage Systems

1st Edition - September 24, 2020

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  • Editors: Klaus Brun, Timothy Allison, Richard Dennis
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128198940
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128198926

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Thermal, Mechanical, and Hybrid Chemical Energy Storage Systems provides unique and comprehensive guidelines on all non-battery energy storage technologies, including their technical and design details, applications, and how to make decisions and purchase them for commercial use. The book covers all short and long-term electric grid storage technologies that utilize heat or mechanical potential energy to store electricity, including their cycles, application, advantages and disadvantages, such as round-trip-efficiency, duration, cost and siting. Also discussed are hybrid technologies that utilize hydrogen as a storage medium aside from battery technology. Readers will gain substantial knowledge on all major mechanical, thermal and hybrid energy storage technologies, their market, operational challenges, benefits, design and application criteria.

Key Features

  • Provide a state-of-the-art, ongoing R&D review
  • Covers comprehensive energy storage hybridization tactics
  • Features standalone chapters containing technology advances, design and applications


Engineers, scientists, managers, operators, students, and other technically interested persons working in the field of energy, power generation, and energy storage systems

Table of Contents

  • 1. Introduction to Energy Storage
    Forms of energy, energy conversion, and energy transport
    Basic thermodynamics of energy storage
    Definitions and performance measurements for energy storage
    Basic overview of types of systems available or under development

    2. Thermal Energy Storage
    Types of thermal energy storage systems
    Molten salt and other phase change liquids
    Metals, ceramics, and other solids
    Design challenges and limits

    3. Mechanical Energy Storage
    Types of mechanical energy storage systems
    Gravity based systems 
    Compressed fluid systems
    Pumping versus compression
    Other potential energy storage 
    Design challenges and limits

    4. Hybrid Systems
    Pumped heat 
    Liquid air
    Hydrogen storage
    Reheat cycles
    Electrical heaters
    Intercooled systems

    5. Applications of Energy Storage
    Grid integration
    Electrical conversion
    Siting criteria
    Installation challenges
    Advantages and disadvantages of types of systems
    Testing of systems

    6. Commercial consideration
    Installed costs
    Roundtrip efficiencies
    Grid integration
    Storage duration
    Operational (part load) flexibility
    Energy storage versus distrusted energy versus back-up power
    Regulatory impacts

    7. Advanced Concepts
    State-of-the art of the technology
    Novel concepts
    Ongoing R&D and major test facilities

Product details

  • No. of pages: 634
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2020
  • Published: September 24, 2020
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128198940
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128198926

About the Editors

Klaus Brun

Dr. Brun is the Director Research & Development, Elliott Group, USA.In this position he leads an organization of over 60 engineers and scientists that focuses on research and development on energy systems, rotating machinery, and pipeline technology. Dr. Brun’s experience includes positions in engineering, project management, and management at Solar Turbines, General Electric, and Alstom. He holds seven patents, authored over 250 technical papers, and co-authored two textbooks on gas turbines. Dr. Brun won an R&D 100 award in 2007 for his Semi-Active Valve invention and ASME Oil & Gas Committee Best Paper/Tutorial awards in 1998, 2000, 2005, 2009, 2010, 2012, 2014, and 2016. He was chosen to the “40 under 40” by the San Antonio Business Journal. He is the current chair of the ASME Supercritical CO2 Power Plant committee and the past chair of the ASME-IGTI Board of Directors and the ASME Oil & Gas Applications Committee. He is also a member of the Global Power & Propulsion Society Executive Board, the API SOME, the Asia Turbomachinery Symposiums, the Fan Conference Advisory Committee, and the Supercritical CO2 Symposium Advisory Committee. Dr. Brun is the Executive Correspondent of Turbomachinery International Magazine and an Associate Editor of the ASME Journal of Gas Turbines for Power.

Affiliations and Expertise

Elliott Group, Pennsylvania, USA

Timothy Allison

Dr. Tim Allison is the Machinery Department Director at Southwest Research Institute where he leads an organization that focuses on R&D for the energy industry. His research experience includes analysis, fabrication, and testing of turbomachinery and systems for advanced power or oil & gas applications including high-pressure turbomachinery, centrifugal compressors, expanders, gas turbines, reciprocating compressors, and test rigs for bearings, seals, blade dynamics, and aerodynamic performance.

Affiliations and Expertise

Machinery Department Director, Southwest Research Institute, TX, USA

Richard Dennis

Mr. Richard Dennis is currently the Technology Manager for Advanced Turbines and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Power Cycle Programs at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). These programs are multi-million dollar per annum R&D activities managed for the US. DOE Office of Fossil Energy. The programs support university, industry and U.S. national laboratory research, development and demonstration projects. Rich has a BS and MS in Mechanical Engineering from West Virginia University. From 1983 to 1992 Mr. Dennis worked in the on-site research group of NETL where he conducted research related to pressurized fluidized bed combustion, gasification and gas stream particulate cleanup for advanced coal based power generation. From 1993 to 2000 Mr. Dennis managed contracted research for the DOE Office of Fossil Energy in advanced fossil fuel power generation including coal combustion, gasification, fuel cells, and gas turbines. In 2002 Richard was selected as the Turbine Technology Manager. In 2014 – 15 Dennis served as the technology manager for the DOE FE Advanced Combustion Systems technology area. Currently Richard is serving as the Technology Manager for Advanced Turbines and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Power Cycles programs at NETL.

Affiliations and Expertise

Technology Manager for Advanced Turbines and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Power Cycle Programs, U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL)

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