Thermal Design Principles of Spacecraft and Entry Bodies

Thermal Design Principles of Spacecraft and Entry Bodies

1st Edition - January 1, 1969

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  • Editor: Jerry Bevans
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323142113

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Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics, Volume 21: Thermal Design Principles of Spacecraft and Entry Bodies is a collection of technical papers drawn mainly from the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Third Thermophysics Specialist Conference, held in Los Angeles, California on June 24-26, 1968 This volume is divided into three parts. The first part covers some aspects of thermal processes and design, including thermal analysis, convection, radiation, ablation, and space rocket effects. The second part surveys the remote measurements of the thermophysical and thermal radiation properties and joint conductance, which are critical criteria for space thermal design. The third part focuses on the space environmental effects on thermal coatings. This part deals first with the theory of radiative degradation, followed by a presentation of the laboratory measurements. This part also looks into the results of several flight experiments. This book will be of great value to thermophysicists, space engineers, and designers who are working in the space science fields.

Table of Contents

  • The Thermophysics Committee, 1967 and 1968


    Editorial Committee for Volume 21

    I. Thermal Processes and Thermal Design

    I.1 Thermal Analysis

    Higher-Order Approximations for Lumped System Analysis of Evacuated Enclosures

    Optical Measurements of the Radiation Configuration Factor

    Optical Shape Factor Data Processing through Computer Graphics

    An Experimental Technique for Measuring Local Solar Irradiation with a Model Spacecraft

    An Approximate Analytic Solution of the Steady-State Thermal Design Problem of Space Radiators

    I.2 Entry Heating: Convection, Radiation, and Ablation

    Radiative Transport in Inviscid Nonadiabatic Stagnation-Region Shock Layers

    Radiation Transfer through High-Temperature Shock Layers

    Remote Sensing of Rarefied Gas Flows through a Fluorescence Technique

    Thermodynamic Performance of Carbon in Hyperthermal Environments

    A Rapid Technique for Estimating Ablative Heat Shield Weights from Plasma Jet Test Data

    Surface Oxidation with Streamwise Variation of Wall Reactivity

    Hypersonic, Diffusion-Controlled Oxidation of Tungsten

    I.3 Rocket Exhaust Effects

    Spectral Radiance of Model Rocket Exhaust Plumes at High Altitudes

    Effects of the LM Descent Engine Exhaust on Lunar Surface Temperatures

    I.4 Lunar and Planetary Vehicles Design

    A Study of the Thermal Kill of Viable Organisms during Mars Atmospheric Entry

    Prediction of the Martian Thermal Environment

    Thermal Control Aspects of a Stationary Martian Surface Laboratory

    Thermal Testing under Simulated Martian Environment

    LM Passive Thermal Design and Test

    II. Thermophysical Properties for Design

    II.1 Remote Measurements

    Determination of Optical and Physical Properties of Artificial Satellites by Passive Ground-Based Photometry

    Predicting Lunar Temperatures

    Lunar Surface Thermal Characteristics during Eclipse from Surveyors III, V and after Sunset from Surveyor V

    II.2 Thermal Radiation Properties

    Emission, Total Internal Reflection, and Tunneling of Thermal Radiation in Metals

    Measurements of Thermal Radiation of Solids at Liquid-Helium Temperatures

    A Technique for the Measurement of Spectral Reflectances at Low Temperatures in the Infrared and Far Infrared

    Development of Phase-Change Coatings

    II.3 Joint Conductance

    Simultaneous Radiation and Conduction between Rough Surfaces

    Thermal Conductance of Two-Dimensional Constrictions

    An Exact Solution for Thermal Conduction through a Two-Dimensional Eccentric Constriction

    Effects of Transient Pressure Environments on Heat Transfer in One-Dimensional Composite Slabs with Contact Resistance

    III. Space Environmental Effects Upon Thermal Coatings

    III.1 Theory of Radiative Degradation

    An Analytical Study of Solar Degradation Model for Thermal Control Materials and Some Ramifications for Accelerated Solar Radiation Testing

    III.2 Laboratory Measurements

    Effects of Extreme Ultraviolet on the Optical Properties of Thermal Control Coatings

    Electron-Ultraviolet Radiation Effects on Thermal Control Coatings

    Effects of Combined Electron-Ultraviolet Irradiation on Thermal Control Coatings in Vacuo at 77°K

    The Development of S-13G-Type Thermal-Control Coatings

    III.3 Flight Experiments

    Results from the Thermal Control Coatings Experiment on OSO-III

    Environmental Studies of Thermal Control Coatings for Lunar Orbiter

    Thermal Control Experiments on the Lunar Orbiter Spacecraft

    Contributors to Volume 21

Product details

  • No. of pages: 876
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1969
  • Published: January 1, 1969
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323142113

About the Editor

Jerry Bevans

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