Thermal Design Principles of Spacecraft and Entry Bodies - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123957351, 9780323142113

Thermal Design Principles of Spacecraft and Entry Bodies

1st Edition

Editors: Jerry Bevans
eBook ISBN: 9780323142113
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1969
Page Count: 876
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Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics, Volume 21: Thermal Design Principles of Spacecraft and Entry Bodies is a collection of technical papers drawn mainly from the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Third Thermophysics Specialist Conference, held in Los Angeles, California on June 24-26, 1968 This volume is divided into three parts. The first part covers some aspects of thermal processes and design, including thermal analysis, convection, radiation, ablation, and space rocket effects. The second part surveys the remote measurements of the thermophysical and thermal radiation properties and joint conductance, which are critical criteria for space thermal design. The third part focuses on the space environmental effects on thermal coatings. This part deals first with the theory of radiative degradation, followed by a presentation of the laboratory measurements. This part also looks into the results of several flight experiments.
This book will be of great value to thermophysicists, space engineers, and designers who are working in the space science fields.

Table of Contents

The Thermophysics Committee, 1967 and 1968


Editorial Committee for Volume 21

I. Thermal Processes and Thermal Design

I.1 Thermal Analysis

Higher-Order Approximations for Lumped System Analysis of Evacuated Enclosures

Optical Measurements of the Radiation Configuration Factor

Optical Shape Factor Data Processing through Computer Graphics

An Experimental Technique for Measuring Local Solar Irradiation with a Model Spacecraft

An Approximate Analytic Solution of the Steady-State Thermal Design Problem of Space Radiators

I.2 Entry Heating: Convection, Radiation, and Ablation

Radiative Transport in Inviscid Nonadiabatic Stagnation-Region Shock Layers

Radiation Transfer through High-Temperature Shock Layers

Remote Sensing of Rarefied Gas Flows through a Fluorescence Technique

Thermodynamic Performance of Carbon in Hyperthermal Environments

A Rapid Technique for Estimating Ablative Heat Shield Weights from Plasma Jet Test Data

Surface Oxidation with Streamwise Variation of Wall Reactivity

Hypersonic, Diffusion-Controlled Oxidation of Tungsten

I.3 Rocket Exhaust Effects

Spectral Radiance of Model Rocket Exhaust Plumes at High Altitudes

Effects of the LM Descent Engine Exhaust on Lunar Surface Temperatures

I.4 Lunar and Planetary Vehicles Design

A Study of the Thermal Kill of Viable Organisms during Mars Atmospheric Entry

Prediction of the Martian Thermal Environment

Thermal Control Aspects of a Stationary Martian Surface Laboratory

Thermal Testing under Simulated Martian Environment

LM Passive Thermal Design and Test

II. Thermophysical Properties for Design

II.1 Remote Measurements

Determination of Optical and Physical Properties of Artificial Satellites by Passive Ground-Based Photometry

Predicting Lunar Temperatures

Lunar Surface Thermal Characteristics during Eclipse from Surveyors III, V and after Sunset from Surveyor V

II.2 Thermal Radiation Properties

Emission, Total Internal Reflection, and Tunneling of Thermal Radiation in Metals

Measurements of Thermal Radiation of Solids at Liquid-Helium Temperatures

A Technique for the Measurement of Spectral Reflectances at Low Temperatures in the Infrared and Far Infrared

Development of Phase-Change Coatings

II.3 Joint Conductance

Simultaneous Radiation and Conduction between Rough Surfaces

Thermal Conductance of Two-Dimensional Constrictions

An Exact Solution for Thermal Conduction through a Two-Dimensional Eccentric Constriction

Effects of Transient Pressure Environments on Heat Transfer in One-Dimensional Composite Slabs with Contact Resistance

III. Space Environmental Effects Upon Thermal Coatings

III.1 Theory of Radiative Degradation

An Analytical Study of Solar Degradation Model for Thermal Control Materials and Some Ramifications for Accelerated Solar Radiation Testing

III.2 Laboratory Measurements

Effects of Extreme Ultraviolet on the Optical Properties of Thermal Control Coatings

Electron-Ultraviolet Radiation Effects on Thermal Control Coatings

Effects of Combined Electron-Ultraviolet Irradiation on Thermal Control Coatings in Vacuo at 77°K

The Development of S-13G-Type Thermal-Control Coatings

III.3 Flight Experiments

Results from the Thermal Control Coatings Experiment on OSO-III

Environmental Studies of Thermal Control Coatings for Lunar Orbiter

Thermal Control Experiments on the Lunar Orbiter Spacecraft

Contributors to Volume 21


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© Academic Press 1969
Academic Press
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About the Editor

Jerry Bevans

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