Thermal Design of Nuclear Reactors

Thermal Design of Nuclear Reactors

1st Edition - January 1, 1981

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  • Author: R. H. S. Winterton
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483145242

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Description

Table of Contents

  • Other Titles of Interest

    Preface

    Chapter 1: Summary of Reactor Physics

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    FISSION

    NEUTRON FLUX AND REACTION CROSS-SECTIONS

    CRITICALITY

    MODERATORS

    BREEDING

    THE MULTIPLICATION CONSTANT

    NEUTRON FLUX DISTRIBUTION

    PRACTICAL REACTOR SYSTEMS

    SUMMARY

    Chapter 2: Reactor Systems

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    THE PRESSURIZED WATER REACTOR

    THE BOILING WATER REACTOR

    THE GAS-COOLED REACTOR—THE AGR

    THE SODIUM-COOLED FAST BREEDER REACTOR

    Chapter 3: Fuel-Rod Design

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION IN A CYLINDRICAL FUEL PELLET

    Allowance for variations in conductivity and heat generation

    Effect of porosity on UO2 thermal conductivity

    Measurements of UO2 thermal conductivity

    HEAT TRANSFER IN THE GAP BETWEEN FUEL AND CLADDING

    HEAT TRANSFER THROUGH CYLINDRICAL CLADDING

    FISSION GAS RELEASE

    DETAILS OF FUEL ROD CONSTRUCTION

    Problems

    Chapter 4: Forced-Convection Heat Transfer

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    HEAT-TRANSFER COEFFICIENT AND DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS

    HEAT-TRANSFER CORRELATIONS FOR NON-METALS

    LIQUID-METAL HEAT TRANSFER

    COMPARISON OF COOLANTS

    IMPROVEMENT OF HEAT TRANSFER USING FINS

    IMPROVEMENT OF HEAT TRANSFER BY ROUGHENING THE SURFACE

    Problems

    Chapter 5: Boiling Heat Transfer

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    NUCLEATION

    TYPES OF BOILING

    FLOW REGIMES IN FORCED-CONVECTION BOILING

    Quality, void fraction and slip ratio

    HEAT-TRANSFER CORRELATIONS FOR FLOW BOILING

    Film boiling

    CRITICAL HEAT-FLUX CORRELATIONS FOR FORCED-CONVECTION BOILING OF WATER

    Correlations for bulk boiling

    Problems

    Chapter 6: Fluid Flow

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    PRESSURE DROP WITH A LIQUID COOLANT

    PUMPING POWER

    PRESSURE DROP WITH A GASEOUS COOLANT

    PRESSURE DROP WITH A TWO-PHASE MIXTURE

    CRITICAL FLOW THROUGH BURST PIPES

    Problems

    Chapter 7: Safety Analysis

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    TIMESCALES OF THE TRANSIENT FLOW AND HEAT-TRANSFER PROCESSES

    THE SOURCES OF HEAT

    SIMPLE MODEL FOR CLAD TEMPERATURE DURING TRANSIENT

    DISCUSSION OF LOSS OF COOLANT ACCIDENTS

    THE PROBABILITY APPROACH TO REACTOR SAFETY

    THE SODIUM-COOLED FAST REACTOR

    Problems

    Chapter 8: Core Thermohydraulic Design

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    MAXIMUM CAN TEMPERATURE IN A COOLANT CHANNEL

    The maximum fuel temperature

    MINIMUM CRITICAL HEAT-FLUX RATIO

    HOT-CHANNEL FACTORS

    GAGS

    SUBCHANNEL ANALYSIS

    INCREASING HEAT OUTPUT IN GAS-COOLED REACTORS

    MAXIMISING STEAM PRODUCTION SUBJECT TO FIXED CRITICAL HEAT FLUX RATIO

    Problems

    Chapter 9: Steam Cycles

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    THE TEMPERATURE-ENTHALPY DIAGRAM

    THE BASIC RANKINE CYCLE

    FEED WATER HEATING (REGENERATION)

    PRACTICAL CYCLES FOR WATER REACTORS

    PUMPING POWER AND OTHER LOSSES

    RADIOACTIVE STEAM IN THE BWR

    CYCLES FOR HIGH-TEMPERATURE REACTORS

    NET PLANT EFFICIENCY

    COMBINED HEAT AND POWER GENERATION

    Problems

    Chapter 10: Fusion Reactors

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    MAGNETIC CONFINEMENT

    THERMAL DESIGN

    INERTIAL CONFINEMENT

    FLUID FLOW EFFECTS IN STRONG MAGNETIC FIELDS

    HEAT-TRANSFER EFFECTS IN STRONG MAGNETIC FIELDS

    COMPARISON OF COOLANTS

    TRANSIENT HEATING PROBLEMS

    Notation

    APPENDIX 1: Temperature Distribution Following Sudden Total Loss of Cooling

    APPENDIX 2: Properties of Coolants

    APPENDIX 3: Conversion Factors

    APPENDIX 4: Answers to Selected Problems

    APPENDIX 5

    INDEX

Product details

  • No. of pages: 202
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1981
  • Published: January 1, 1981
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483145242

About the Author

R. H. S. Winterton

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