Part A: Theory and Background. 1. Introduction. 2. Stoichiometry and extent of decomposition. 3. Kinetic models for solid-state reactions. 4. The influence of temperature on reaction rate. 5. Analysis and interpretation of experimental kinetic measurements. 6. Characterization of reactants, decomposition intermediates and products, and the formulations of mechanisms. Part B: Thermal Decompositions of Selected Ionic Solids. 7. Thermal hydration of hydrated salts. 8. Thermal dehydration of hydroxides. 9. The thermal dissociation of oxides. 10 Decomposition of other binary compounds. 11. Decomposition of azides. 12. Decomposition of carbonates. 13. Decomposition of metal perhalates, halates and halites. 14. Decomposition of metal salts of various oxyacids. 15. Decomposition of ammonium salts. 16. The thermal decompositions of metal salts of organic acids. 17. Decompositions of coordination compounds. 18. The present position and prospects for future progress in studies of thermal decompositions of solids. Glossary. Index.
The principal objective of this book is to stimulate interest in research that will extend available theory towards a greater understanding of the steps involved in solid-state decompositions and the properties of solids that control reactivities. Much of the activity in this field has been directed towards increasing the range of reactants for which decomposition kinetic data is available, rather than extending insights into the fundamental chemistry of the reactions being studied. The first part of the book (Chapters 1-6) is concerned with theoretical aspects of the subject. The second part (Chapters 7-17) surveys groups of reactions classified by similarities of chemical composition. The final Chapter (18) reviews the subject by unifying features identified as significant and proposes possible directions for future progress.
Studies of thermal reactions of ionic compounds have contributed considerably to the theory of solid-state chemistry. Furthermore, many of these rate processes have substantial technological importance, for example, in the manufacture of cement, the exploitation of ores and in the stability testing of drugs, explosives and oxidizing agents. Despite the prolonged and continuing research effort concerned with these reactions, there is no recent overall review. This book is intended to contribute towards correcting this omission. The essential unity of the subject is recognized by the systematic treatment of reactions, carefully selected to be instructive and representative of the subject as a whole. The authors have contributed more than 200 original research articles to the literature, many during their 25 years of collaboration.
Features of this book:
• Gives a comprehensive in-depth survey of a rarely-reviewed subject.
• Reviews methods used in studies of thermal decompositions of solids.
• Discusses patterns of subject development perceived from an extensive literature survey.
This book is expected to be of greatest value and interest to scientists concerned with the chemical properties and reactions of solids, including chemists, physicists, pharmacists, material scientists, crystallographers, metallurgists and others. This wide coverage of the literature dealing with thermal reactions of solids will be of value to both academic and industrial researchers by reviewing the current status of the theory of the subject. It could also provide a useful starting point for the exploitation of crystalline materials in practical and industrial applications. The contents will also be relevant to a wide variety of researchers, including, for example, those concerned with the stabilities of polymers and composite materials, the processing of minerals, the shelf-lives of pharmaceuticals, etc.
- No. of pages:
- © Elsevier Science 1999
- 25th February 1999
- Elsevier Science
- eBook ISBN:
- Hardcover ISBN:
@qu:The principle objective of this book is to stimulate research that will extend available theory towards a greater understanding of solid-state decompositions and the properties of solids that control reactivities. It could also provide a useful starting point for the exploitation of crystalline materials in practical and industrial applications. @source:La Doc Sti @qu:The authors have provided a comprehensive and balanced account of the thermal decomposition of solids. The first part deals with theory and background with some emphasis on reaction mechanisms. Part 2 covers thermal decompositions of selected ionic solids. It is a most impressive book which brings together some of the best concepts from the early development of the subject and the most recent advances. @source:Aslib Book Guide
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Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa