Theories of Emotion

Theories of Emotion

1st Edition - March 28, 1980

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  • Editors: Robert Plutchik, Henry Kellerman
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483270012

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Emotion: Theory, Research, and Experience, Volume 1: Theories of Emotion, presents broad theoretical perspectives representing all major schools of thought in the study of the nature of emotion. The contributions contained in the book are characterized under three major headings - evolutionary context, psychophysiological context, and dynamic context. Subjects that are discussed include general psycho-evolutionary theory of emotion; the affect system; the biology of emotions and other feelings; and emotions as transitory social roles. Psychologists, sociobiologists, sociologists, psychiatrists, ethologists, and students the allied fields will find the text a good reference material.

Table of Contents

  • Contents

    List of Contributors



    Part I The Evolutionary Context

    Chapter 1 A General Psychoevolutionary Theory of Emotion


    Emotion as a Hypothetical Construct

    Emotions in Animals

    Emotions and Evolution

    Emotions and Cognitions

    The Multiple Languages of Emotion

    Emotions and Personality

    Diagnostic Concepts as Derivatives of Emotions

    Ego Defenses as Regulators of Emotions

    Universal Problems of Adaptation


    Chapter 2 The Function of Emotions in Behavioral Systems: A Systems Theory Analysis


    Systems of Social Behavior

    Emotions in Relation to Behavioral Systems

    Experiments on the Systemic Nature of Affect in Dogs

    Language and the Emotions

    Discussion and Conclusions


    Chapter 3 Strategies of Social Interaction


    Phylogenetic Adaptations in Animals

    Phylogenetic Adaptations in Humans

    Some Basic Strategies of Social Interactions

    Strategies of Friendly Encounter

    Summary and Discussion


    Chapter 4 An Ethological Assessment of Emotion


    Introduction: Historical Preconceptions

    Primate Peculiarities

    The Two Modes

    Autonomie Infrastructure of Bimodal Arousal

    Plutchik's Fundamental Scheme

    Delineation of Emotion by Bull, Ekman, and Tomkins

    Self-Protection and Protection within the Agonic Society

    The Inclusion of Prototypic Rejection Behavior as a Social Response

    Allotypic Rejection

    The Ethological Status of Human Emotions: Prototypic Rejection in the Social Context

    Mating Behavior

    Bimodal Psychological Theory



    Chapter 5 Toward a Sociobiological Theory of the Emotions


    Anatomy and Physiology: About Sociobiology

    Kinship: Other Sociobiological Treatments of the Emotions

    Territorial Expansion: A Sociobiological View of Central Questions in Emotion Theory

    Recombination: Toward a Sociobiological Definition of Emotion

    Offspring: Genital Plethysmography and Its Relevance to Emotion Theory

    Recapitulation of Ontogeny: Conclusions


    Part II The Psychophysiological Context

    Chapter 6 Affect as Amplification: Some Modifications in Theory



    Basic Affects

    Activators of Affects

    Appraisal of Affect

    Affect as Amplification: A Refinement

    The Skin: A Central Variable for Affect

    Affect as Amplifier of Response

    Research and Clinical Implications

    Ideo-Affective Ideology and the Face

    Personality Implications of Facial Responses


    Chapter 7 Aspects of Consciousness and Personality in Terms of Differential Emotions Theory


    Basic Premises of Differential Emotions Theory

    Patterns of Emotions

    The Development of the Emotion System

    Emotions as Interactants with Other Subsystems of Personality

    The Regulation of Emotions

    Research and Clinical Implications


    Chapter 8 Emotions: A Cognitive-Phenomenological Analysis



    Emotions from a Cognitive-Phenomenological Perspective

    Other Core Principles

    Defining Emotion

    Phylogenetic Issues

    Positively Toned Emotions

    Concluding Thoughts


    Chapter 9 The Generation of Emotion: A Psychological Theory


    The Intent of a Psychology of Emotion

    History of a Theory: Parents and Cousins

    Building Blocks and Cement

    Generating Emotions—Generalities and Specifics

    Personality, Pathology, and Other Applications

    Extensions and Elaborations

    Prospects and Problems


    Chapter 10 The Biology of Emotions and Other Feelings


    Emotional Behavior as an Expression of the Experience of Internal States

    The Protocritic Dimension of Stimuli

    Protocritic Processing by Core-Brain Control Mechanisms

    The Cortical Contribution to a Labeling of Feelings



    Chapter 11 The Communication of Emotion: Theory of Sentics


    Emotion and Its Expression: Some Historical Aspects

    Experimental Measurement of Essentic Form

    Experimental Tests for Distinguishing Basic Emotions

    Time Form Printing by the Nervous System

    Some Predictions of Sentic Theory Capable of Verification


    Emotions and Knowledge

    Personal Active (Dionysian) and Contemplative (Apollonian) Modes of Emotional Experience and Expression

    Virtual Body Images in Relation to the Apollonian and Dionysian Modes

    Concerning the Evolution of Emotions and Their Communication


    Part III The Dynamic Context

    Chapter 12 A Constructivist View of Emotion


    The Definition of Emotion

    Emotional Syndromes as Transitory Social Roles

    The Problem of Basic Emotions

    Paradigms of Emotion

    Concluding Observations


    Chapter 13 A Psychoanalytic Theory of Affects


    The Present Theory

    Ontogeny of Affect

    The Labeling of Affects

    Mixed Affects

    Unpleasure and Development


    Chapter 14 A Structural Model of Emotion and Personality: Psychoanalytic and Sociobiological Implications


    Epigenetic and Evolutionary Elements of Personality

    Psychoanalytic Background

    The Problem of Determining a Basic Emotion System

    Emotions and Defenses

    A Proposed Model of Emotion and Defense Mechanisms

    The Relation of Emotions, Defense Mechanisms, and Clinical Diagnosis

    The Diagnostic System

    Accessible versus Impedance States

    A Basic System of Nightmares and Their Intrapsychic Designations

    A Concluding Note



    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 424
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1980
  • Published: March 28, 1980
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483270012

About the Editors

Robert Plutchik

Henry Kellerman

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