Theories of Emotion - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780125587013, 9781483270012

Theories of Emotion

1st Edition

Editors: Robert Plutchik Henry Kellerman
eBook ISBN: 9781483270012
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th March 1980
Page Count: 424
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Description

Emotion: Theory, Research, and Experience, Volume 1: Theories of Emotion, presents broad theoretical perspectives representing all major schools of thought in the study of the nature of emotion. The contributions contained in the book are characterized under three major headings - evolutionary context, psychophysiological context, and dynamic context. Subjects that are discussed include general psycho-evolutionary theory of emotion; the affect system; the biology of emotions and other feelings; and emotions as transitory social roles. Psychologists, sociobiologists, sociologists, psychiatrists, ethologists, and students the allied fields will find the text a good reference material.

Table of Contents


Contents

List of Contributors

Preface

Introduction

Part I The Evolutionary Context

Chapter 1 A General Psychoevolutionary Theory of Emotion

Abstract

Emotion as a Hypothetical Construct

Emotions in Animals

Emotions and Evolution

Emotions and Cognitions

The Multiple Languages of Emotion

Emotions and Personality

Diagnostic Concepts as Derivatives of Emotions

Ego Defenses as Regulators of Emotions

Universal Problems of Adaptation

References

Chapter 2 The Function of Emotions in Behavioral Systems: A Systems Theory Analysis

Abstract

Systems of Social Behavior

Emotions in Relation to Behavioral Systems

Experiments on the Systemic Nature of Affect in Dogs

Language and the Emotions

Discussion and Conclusions

References

Chapter 3 Strategies of Social Interaction

Abstract

Phylogenetic Adaptations in Animals

Phylogenetic Adaptations in Humans

Some Basic Strategies of Social Interactions

Strategies of Friendly Encounter

Summary and Discussion

References

Chapter 4 An Ethological Assessment of Emotion

Abstract

Introduction: Historical Preconceptions

Primate Peculiarities

The Two Modes

Autonomie Infrastructure of Bimodal Arousal

Plutchik's Fundamental Scheme

Delineation of Emotion by Bull, Ekman, and Tomkins

Self-Protection and Protection within the Agonic Society

The Inclusion of Prototypic Rejection Behavior as a Social Response

Allotypic Rejection

The Ethological Status of Human Emotions: Prototypic Rejection in the Social Context

Mating Behavior

Bimodal Psychological Theory

Summary

References

Chapter 5 Toward a Sociobiological Theory of the Emotions

Abstract

Anatomy and Physiology: About Sociobiology

Kinship: Other Sociobiological Treatments of the Emotions

Territorial Expansion: A Sociobiological View of Central Questions in Emotion Theory

Recombination: Toward a Sociobiological Definition of Emotion

Offspring: Genital Plethysmography and Its Relevance to Emotion Theory

Recapitulation of Ontogeny: Conclusions

References

Part II The Psychophysiological Context

Chapter 6 Affect as Amplification: Some Modifications in Theory

Abstract

Introduction

Basic Affects

Activators of Affects

Appraisal of Affect

Affect as Amplification: A Refinement

The Skin: A Central Variable for Affect

Affect as Amplifier of Response

Research and Clinical Implications

Ideo-Affective Ideology and the Face

Personality Implications of Facial Responses

References

Chapter 7 Aspects of Consciousness and Personality in Terms of Differential Emotions Theory

Abstract

Basic Premises of Differential Emotions Theory

Patterns of Emotions

The Development of the Emotion System

Emotions as Interactants with Other Subsystems of Personality

The Regulation of Emotions

Research and Clinical Implications

References

Chapter 8 Emotions: A Cognitive-Phenomenological Analysis

Abstract

Background

Emotions from a Cognitive-Phenomenological Perspective

Other Core Principles

Defining Emotion

Phylogenetic Issues

Positively Toned Emotions

Concluding Thoughts

References

Chapter 9 The Generation of Emotion: A Psychological Theory

Abstract

The Intent of a Psychology of Emotion

History of a Theory: Parents and Cousins

Building Blocks and Cement

Generating Emotions—Generalities and Specifics

Personality, Pathology, and Other Applications

Extensions and Elaborations

Prospects and Problems

References

Chapter 10 The Biology of Emotions and Other Feelings

Abstract

Emotional Behavior as an Expression of the Experience of Internal States

The Protocritic Dimension of Stimuli

Protocritic Processing by Core-Brain Control Mechanisms

The Cortical Contribution to a Labeling of Feelings

Conclusion

References

Chapter 11 The Communication of Emotion: Theory of Sentics

Abstract

Emotion and Its Expression: Some Historical Aspects

Experimental Measurement of Essentic Form

Experimental Tests for Distinguishing Basic Emotions

Time Form Printing by the Nervous System

Some Predictions of Sentic Theory Capable of Verification

Intensity

Emotions and Knowledge

Personal Active (Dionysian) and Contemplative (Apollonian) Modes of Emotional Experience and Expression

Virtual Body Images in Relation to the Apollonian and Dionysian Modes

Concerning the Evolution of Emotions and Their Communication

References

Part III The Dynamic Context

Chapter 12 A Constructivist View of Emotion

Abstract

The Definition of Emotion

Emotional Syndromes as Transitory Social Roles

The Problem of Basic Emotions

Paradigms of Emotion

Concluding Observations

References

Chapter 13 A Psychoanalytic Theory of Affects

Abstract

The Present Theory

Ontogeny of Affect

The Labeling of Affects

Mixed Affects

Unpleasure and Development

References

Chapter 14 A Structural Model of Emotion and Personality: Psychoanalytic and Sociobiological Implications

Abstract

Epigenetic and Evolutionary Elements of Personality

Psychoanalytic Background

The Problem of Determining a Basic Emotion System

Emotions and Defenses

A Proposed Model of Emotion and Defense Mechanisms

The Relation of Emotions, Defense Mechanisms, and Clinical Diagnosis

The Diagnostic System

Accessible versus Impedance States

A Basic System of Nightmares and Their Intrapsychic Designations

A Concluding Note

References

Epilogue

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
424
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1980
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483270012

About the Editor

Robert Plutchik

Henry Kellerman