Themes in the Historical Geography of France

Themes in the Historical Geography of France

1st Edition - January 28, 1977

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  • Editor: Hugh D. Clout
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483267241

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Themes in the Historical Geography of France compiles several selected themes in the historical geography of France. This book discusses the practice of historical geography in France; peopling and the origins of settlement; early urban development; and retreat of rural settlement. The regional contrasts in agrarian structure; reclamation of coastal marshland; petite culture on 1750-1850; and reclamation of wasteland during the 18th and 19th centuries are also elaborated. This compilation likewise covers the historical geography of Western France; urban growth on 1500-1900; and agricultural change and industrial development in the 18th and 19th centuries. This publication is beneficial to historians and geographers aiming to acquire knowledge of the historical geography of France.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors



    List of Illustrations

    List of Tables

    1 The Practice of Historical Geography in France

    Historical Geography and Geographical History

    Geographical Contributions to the Historical Geography of France



    2 Peopling and the Origins of Settlement


    New Methods, Ideas and Findings

    Prehistory and Protohistory

    The Gallo-Roman Period and the Early Middle Ages to A.D. 1000

    Further Aspects of the Peopling of France after A.D. 1000



    3 Early Urban Development


    First Generation : The Classical Legacy

    The Dark Ages

    Second Generation : Medieval Urbanization

    Planned Medieval New Towns



    4 Retreat of Rural Settlement


    Causes of Settlement Contraction

    Settlement Retreat Prior to the Fourteenth Century

    Settlement Retreat in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries

    Settlement Retreat after the Fifteenth Century

    The Continuum of Settlement Adjustment


    5 Regional Contrasts in Agrarian Structure

    Hugh Prince

    The Concept of an Agrarian Civilization

    The Density of History

    Forms and Functions in Agrarian Structures

    The Antiquity and Continuity of Agrarian Structures

    Dividing France into Two, Three or More Cultural Provinces

    A Twofold Division : le Nord and le Midi

    Natural Divisions

    Cultural Divisions

    The Legacy from Rome

    A Threefold Division: the Threefield System and Other Field Systems

    Roger Dion's Regions of Collectivism, Individualism and Opportunism

    Marc Bloch's Regions of Regular Openfields, Irregular Openfields and Bocage

    Gaston Roupnel's Division into Southern Individualism, Western Bocage and Northern Campagne

    Agrarian Structures in Transition

    Mediterranean Features in the Limagnes

    Ancient Links with the South Preserved

    Northerly Field Systems in the Plaine Marneuse

    Agricultural Distress in the Late Nineteenth Century

    Agrarian Structures as Systems



    6 Reclamation of Coastal Marshland


    Drainage in Medieval France

    The Hollandries of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

    Drainage in the Nineteenth Century



    7 Petite Culture 1750-1850

    Population and Resources

    The Problem of Poverty

    Sharecropping and the Rise of Smallholdings


    8 Reclamation of Wasteland During the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries

    The Study of Land Clearance

    Wasteland Clearance in the Early Eighteenth Century

    The Results of Land Clearance Legislation of the 1760s

    Wasteland in the Early Nineteenth Century

    The Process of Land Clearance through the Nineteenth Century

    Factors Behind Nineteenth Century Land Clearance

    Archival Sources




    9 Historical Georgaphy of Western France

    The Concept of Western France

    Regional Divisions

    Rural Settlement

    Cultivated Land and Waste

    Field Patterns




    10 Vernacular Architecture and the Peasant House


    Published Work and Sources


    House Type, Plan and Evolutionary Sequence

    The Rectilinear House




    11 Agricultural Change in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries

    Did France Undergo an 'Agricultural Revolution'?

    The Evidence in Favor

    Rural France on the Eve of the Railway Age

    The Evidence Against

    Advance or Stagnation in French Agriculture After Mid-Century?

    Checks and Balances in French Farming

    Retrospect and Prospect



    12 Industrial Development in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries


    The 'Traditional' Industrial Pattern

    Advances in Transport and the Emergence of a National Economic System

    A New Industrial State?



    13 Urban Growth, 1500-1900


    Urban Growth 1500-1800

    Urban Growth in the Nineteenth Century

    Baron Haussmann and the Renewal of Inner Paris During the Second Empire

    Suburban Paris in the Nineteenth Century

    Urban Growth in Provincial France

    The Legacy of Nineteenth Century Urbanization



    Appendix I Some Sources For The Historical Geography of Rural France in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries


    Eighteenth Century Sources

    Nineteenth Century Sources

    Appendix Note

    Appendix References

    Appendix II Additional Reading on Themes in the Historical Geography of France

Product details

  • No. of pages: 622
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1977
  • Published: January 28, 1977
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483267241

About the Editor

Hugh D. Clout

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