The Utilization of Slag in Civil Infrastructure Construction - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780081003817, 9780081003978

The Utilization of Slag in Civil Infrastructure Construction

1st Edition

Authors: George Wang
eBook ISBN: 9780081003978
Hardcover ISBN: 9780081009949
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 20th June 2016
Page Count: 442
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Description

The Utilization of Slag in Civil Infrastructure Construction strives to integrate the theory, research, and practice of slag utilization, including the production and processing of slags. The topics covered include: production and smelting processes for metals; chemical and physical properties of slags; pretreatment and post-treatment technology to enhance slag properties; potential environmental impact; mechanisms of potential expansion; special testing methods and characteristics; slag processing for aggregate and cementitious applications; suitability of slags for use in specific applications; overall properties of materials containing slags; and commercialization and economics. The focus of the book is on slag utilization technology, with a review of the basic properties and an exploration of how its use in the end product will be technically sound, environment-friendly, and economic.

Key Features

  • Covers the production, processing, and utilization of a broad range of ferrous, non-ferrous, and non-metallurgical slags
  • Provides information on applicable methods for a particular slag and its utilization to reduce potential environmental impacts and promote natural resource sustainability
  • Presents the overall technology of transferring a slag from the waste stream into a useful materials resource
  • Provides a detailed review of the appropriate utilization of each slag from processing right through to aggregate and cementitious use requirements

Readership

Postgraduate students, researchers, metallurgical professionals, civil engineers, environmental agencies, materials manufacturers

Table of Contents

  • Dedication
  • Preface
  • Notations and abbreviated formulae
  • List of acronyms
  • SI (modern metric) conversion factors
  • Woodhead Publishing Series in Civil and Structural Engineering
  • 1: Introduction
    • Abstract
    • 1.1 Introduction to slag utilization in civil infrastructure construction
    • 1.2 Sustainability in construction, mining, and mineral production
    • 1.3 Outline of the book
  • 2: Ferrous metal production and ferrous slags
    • Abstract
    • 2.1 Introduction
    • 2.2 Ironmaking process and BF slag formation
    • 2.3 Basic properties of BF slag
    • 2.4 Steelmaking processes and steel slag formation
    • 2.5 Basic properties of steel slag
    • 2.6 Summary
    • Questions
  • 3: Nonferrous metal extraction and nonferrous slags
    • Abstract
    • 3.1 Introduction
    • 3.2 Copper extraction and copper slag
    • 3.3 Nickel extraction and nickel slag
    • 3.4 Lead extraction and lead slag
    • 3.5 Zinc extraction and zinc slag
    • 3.6 Tin extraction and tin slag
    • 3.7 Summary
    • Questions
  • 4: Nonmetallurgical slags
    • Abstract
    • 4.1 Introduction
    • 4.2 Phosphorus slag
    • 4.3 Boiler slag
    • 4.4 Incinerator slag
    • 4.5 Summary
    • Questions
  • 5: Slag processing
    • Abstract
    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Evaluation of slag and slag products
    • 5.3 Blast furnace slag processing
    • 5.4 Steel slag processing
    • 5.5 Summary
    • Questions
  • 6: Philosophy of utilization of slag in civil infrastructure construction
    • Abstract
    • 6.1 Introduction
    • 6.2 The methodology of slag research and utilization
    • 6.3 Blending use of slag with other by-product or nonconventional materials
    • 6.4 Summary
    • Questions
  • 7: Environmental aspects of slag utilization
    • Abstract
    • 7.1 Introduction
    • 7.2 Regulations and environmental evaluation
    • 7.3 Special circumstances of slag use
    • 7.4 Summary
    • Questions
  • 8: Unbound slag aggregate use in construction
    • Abstract
    • 8.1 Introduction
    • 8.2 Technical requirements for aggregates and end products
    • 8.3 Use of unbound slag aggregate in construction
    • 8.4 Research and development
    • 8.5 Summary
    • Questions
  • 9: Usability criteria for slag use as a granular material
    • Abstract
    • 9.1 Introduction
    • 9.2 Quantification for use in nonrestrained conditions
    • 9.3 The development of usability criteria for nonrestrained use
    • 9.4 Summary
    • Questions
  • 10: Slag use in asphalt paving
    • Abstract
    • 10.1 Introduction
    • 10.2 Technical requirements for aggregates in asphalt concrete
    • 10.3 General requirements for asphalt pavements and surface treatment techniques
    • 10.4 Practical use of slag in asphalt paving
    • 10.5 Research, development, and trends in slag use in asphalt paving
    • 10.6 Summary
    • Questions
  • 11: Slag use as an aggregate in concrete and cement-based materials
    • Abstract
    • 11.1 Introduction
    • 11.2 Mechanical behavior of concrete containing steel slag aggregate
    • 11.3 Development of slag aggregate use in rigid matrixes
    • 11.4 Summary
    • Questions
  • 12: Usability criteria for slag use in rigid matrices
    • Abstract
    • 12.1 Introduction
    • 12.2 Quantification for use in restrained conditions or rigid matrices
    • 12.3 Usability criterion development
    • 12.4 Summary
    • Questions
  • 13: Slag use in cement manufacture and cementitious applications
    • Abstract
    • 13.1 Introduction
    • 13.2 Raw materials of Portland cement and end product requirements
    • 13.3 Cementitious properties of slags and their utilization in cement manufacture
    • 13.4 Special considerations for slag use in cement manufacture
    • 13.5 Other cementitious applications of slag
    • 13.6 Summary
    • Questions
  • 14: Case studies on slag utilization
    • Abstract
    • 14.1 Introduction
    • 14.2 Using EAF slag in Egnatia Highway construction
    • 14.3 Using steel slag aggregate for stone column ground
    • 14.4 Using nickel slag in highway construction
    • Questions
  • 15: Comprehensive utilization of slag as system engineering: Challenges and opportunities
    • Abstract
    • 15.1 Introduction
    • 15.2 Contributing components in the integrated slag utilization system
    • 15.3 Compilation of slag specifications
    • 15.4 Summary
    • Questions
  • Appendix 1: Procedures to determine disruption ratio of expansive slag
  • Appendix 2: Procedures to determine metallic iron content in steel slag
  • Appendix 3: Procedures to determine free calcium oxide content in steel slag
    • A3.1 Step 1 Total calcium content (benzoic titration method)
    • A3.2 Step 2 Determination of Ca(OH)2 content in slag
  • Appendix 4: Procedures to determine free magnesium oxide
    • A4.1 Determination of Total Magnesium Oxide
    • A4.2 Determination of Free Magnesium Oxide in Slag
  • Appendix 5: Nickel slag sampling protocol
    • A5.1 Sampling procedure
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
442
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Woodhead Publishing 2016
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9780081003978
Hardcover ISBN:
9780081009949

About the Author

George Wang

Dr George Wang is an Associate Professor in the College of Engineering and Technology at East Carolina University, North Carolina, USA. He has over 30 years of experience in special construction materials, advanced highway pavement, transportation infrastructure construction, and construction project management.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, College of Engineering and Technology, East Carolina University, NC, USA