This work is a classic reference text for metallurgists, material scientists and crystallographers. The first edition was published in 1965. The first part of that edition was revised and re-published in 1975 and again in 1981. The present two-part set represents the eagerly awaited full revision by the author of his seminal work, now published as Parts I and II.

Professor Christian was one of the founding fathers of materials science and highly respected worldwide. The new edition of his book deserves a place on the bookshelf of every materials science and engineering department.

Suitable thermal and mechanical treatments will produce extensive rearrangements of the atoms in metals and alloys, and corresponding marked variations in physical and chemical properties. This book describes how such changes in the atomic configuration are effected, and discusses the associated kinetic and crystallographic features. It deals with areas such as lattice geometry, point defects, dislocations, stacking faults, grain and interphase boundaries, solid solutions, diffusion, etc. The first part covers the general theory while the second part is concerned with descriptions of specific types of transformations.


For Materials Science Students and Professionals, Metallurgists.

Table of Contents

Part I

General Introduction. Classification of transformations. Characteristics of nucleation and growth transformations. Characteristics of martenistic transformations. Isothermal transformation curves

Formal Geometry of Crystal Lattices. Description of the ideal crystal. Linear transformations of the coordinate system. Affine transformations: homogeneous deformation. twin crystals.

The Theory of Reaction Rates. Chemical kinetics and activation energy. The reaction rate theory.

The Thermodynamics of Irreversable Processes. Microscopical reversability: the onsager reciprocal relations. Entropy production in natural processes.

The Structure of Real Metals. Metallic structures: polymorphism. Point defects in crystals. Crystal surfaces: the equilibrium structure of a step. The structure of close-packed surfaces.

Solids Solutions. Pair probablility functions: thermodynamic properties. The nearest neighbour model: regular solutions. The quasi-chemical theory: other statistical theories. Misfit energy in solid solutions: sub-regular solutions.

The Theory of Dislocations. Introduction: edge and screw dislocations. Geometrical properties of dislocations. Dislocations in an elastic medium. Formation and properties of crystal dislocations

Polycrystalline Aggregates. Macroscopic theory. Dislocation models of grain boundaries. Grain boundary energies. Interphase boundaries: surface dislocations.

Diffusion in the Solid State. Mechanism of atomic migration. Statistical basis of diffusion: Fick's law. Phenomenological theory of diffusion. Uphil diffusion.

The Classical Theory of Nucleation. The formation of nuclei of a new phase. Heterophase fluctuations: V


No. of pages:
© 2002
Print ISBN:
Electronic ISBN:

About the author

J.W. Christian

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Oxford, UK