The Technology of Wafers and Waffles I - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128094389, 9780128114520

The Technology of Wafers and Waffles I

1st Edition

Operational Aspects

Authors: Karl Tiefenbacher
eBook ISBN: 9780128114520
Paperback ISBN: 9780128094389
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 18th May 2017
Page Count: 712
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The Technology of Wafers and Waffles: Operational Aspects is the definitive reference book on wafer and waffle technology and manufacture. It covers specific ingredient technology (including water quality, wheat flour, starches, dextrins, oils and fats) and delves extensively into the manufacturing elements and technological themes in wafer manufacturing, including no/low sugar wafers, hygroscopic wafers, fillings and enrobing.

The book explains, in detail, operating procedures such as mixing, baking, filling, cooling, cutting and packaging for every type of wafer: flat and shaped wafers for making biscuits, ice cream cones, cups, wafer reels, wafer sticks (flute wafers) and biscuit wafers. It also explores the various types of European (Belgian) waffles and North American frozen waffles.

Key Features

  • Serves as a complete reference book on wafer and waffle technology and manufacturing, the first of its kind
  • Covers specific ingredient technology such as water quality, wheat flour, starches, dextrins, oils and fats for wafer and waffles
  • Explores wafer and waffle product types, development, ingredients, manufacturing and quality assurance
  • Explains the scientific background of wafer and waffle baking
  • Informs both artisan and industrial bakers about many related areas of bakery product manufacturing


Wafer and waffle manufacturing companies, technologists in R & D, quality assurance, supervisors

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
    2. Technology of Main Ingredients--Water and Flours
    3. Technology of Main Ingredients--Sweeteners and Lipids
    4. Technology of Minor Ingredients for Wafers and Waffles
    5. Adjuncts--Filling Creams, Inclusions, Cacao and Chocolate
    6. Wafer Sheets: Technology and Products
    7. Technology of Other Crisp Wafers
    8. After Bake Technology of Crisp Wafers and of Waffles
    9. Waffles: An Overview in Technology


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© Academic Press 2017
Academic Press
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About the Author

Karl Tiefenbacher

Karl F. Tiefenbacher was Head of the Franz Haas Bakery Technology Centre for 26 years and spent 14 years in Research and Development in the food industry. He has handled more than 300 troubleshooting tasks in Bakery Technology worldwide and provides recipe consulting and development for many companies across the globe. He has conducted trainings in wafer, waffle, and biscuit technology for operators, technologists, and owners, and has given assistance in equipment selection and commissioning.

Affiliations and Expertise

Head of the Franz Haas Bakery Technology Centre; retired, FHW Franz Haas Waffelmaschinen GMBH, Leobendorf, Austria

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