The Structures of Alloys of Iron

The Structures of Alloys of Iron

An Elementary Introduction

1st Edition - January 1, 1966

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  • Author: W. Hume-Rothery
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483137285

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Description

The Structures of Alloys of Iron: An Elementary Introduction provides an elementary review of some of the factors affecting the structures of alloys of iron, with examples illustrating points of interest. In view of the existence of books dealing with the technology and properties of iron alloys it was decided that the present book should be concerned only with the structures, and not with the properties of the alloys. In connection with steels it was thought best, in the space available, to deal only with those based on iron-carbon alloys. The book begins with chapters on the metal iron, the crystal structures of iron, the diffusion of iron and its alloys, and the intermetallic chemistry of iron. Subsequent chapters deal with the structure of steels, plain carbon steels, the structure of alloy steels, and cast irons. This book is intended for those wanting to make a general survey of the subject before undertaking a detailed study. The reader must understand clearly that much further work will be necessary before he can hope to understand properly even one class of the alloys of industry .

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Chapter I. The Metal Iron

    1.1. Introductory

    1.2. Electron Theories of Iron Crystals

    Chapter II. The Crystal Structures of Iron: Ideal Structures

    2.1. Body-centered Cubic α-Iron

    2.2. Body-centered Cubic δ-Iron

    2.3. Face-centered Cubic γ-Iron

    Chapter III. The Crystal Structures of Iron: Real Crystals

    3.1. Alpha-veining and Polygonization

    3.2. General Dislocation Structure of Pure Iron

    3.3. Dislocations in α-Iron

    3.4. Interstitial Atoms and Dislocations

    3.5. Grain Boundaries in Iron

    3.6. Grain-boundary Structure and Segregation

    3.7. Equilibrium Segregation in Grain Boundaries and Dislocations

    3.8. The Approach to Grain-boundary Equilibrium

    3.9. Grain-boundary Segregates, Films, and Precipitates

    3.10. Twin Crystals in Iron

    Chapter IV. Diffusion in Iron and its Alloys

    4.1. Introductory

    4.2. Vacancies and Interstitialcies

    4.3. Atomic Movements in Diffusion

    4.4. The Process of Diffusion

    4.5. Diffusion of Carbon in Iron

    4.6. Diffusion Constants

    Chapter V. The Inter-metallic Chemistry of Iron: The Metallic Framework

    5.1. Size-factor Effects

    5.2. The Electrochemical Factor

    5.3. Group Number Effects and Electron Compounds

    5.4. The αδ=γ Equilibrium in Iron Alloys

    5.5. The δ= Liquid and γ;= Liquid Equilibria

    5.6. The α=γ Equilibrium: Metastable States

    5.7. Alloys of Iron with Transition Elements

    5.8. Iron-Manganese and Iron-Nickel Alloys

    5.9. Alloys of Iron with Zinc, Aluminum, Gallium, and Silicon

    5.10. Alloys of Iron with Phosphorus and Sulfur

    5.11. Elements which do not alloy with Iron

    Chapter VI. The Interstitial Elements and Boron

    6.1. General

    6.2. The System Iron-Carbon

    6.3. The System Iron-Nitrogen

    6.4. The System Iron-Boron

    6.5. The System Iron-Hydrogen

    6.6. The System Iron-Oxygen

    Chapter VII. The Structure of Steels: Introductory

    7.1. Introductory

    7.2. Segregation Boundary Surfaces and Networks

    7.3. Nucleation and Growth Processes

    7.4. Time, Temperature, Transformation Curves

    Chapter VIII. Plain Carbon Steels: Pearlitic Structures

    8.1. Structures of Slowly Cooled Steels

    8.2. The Structure and Growth of Pearlite

    Chapter IX. Plain Carbon Steels: Martensite and Bainite

    9.1. The Structure of Rapidly Cooled Steels: Martensite

    9.2. The Tetragonal Structure of Interstitial Martensite

    9.3. The Formation of Martensite

    9.4. The Martensitic Transformation

    9.5. The Austenite-Martensite Interface

    9.6. The Formation of Martensite : Free Energy Concepts of Nucleation and Growth

    9.7. The Bainite Transformation

    9.8. The Formation of Bainite

    9.9. Lower Bainite

    9.10. Upper Bainite

    9.11. Carbide-free Bainite

    9.12. The Bainite Mechanism

    9.13. The Process of Tempering

    Chapter X. The Structure of Alloy Steels

    10.1 Carbides in Steels

    10.2 Solid=Liquid and Austenite=Ferrite Equilibria

    10.3 The Ternary Systems Fe-M-X

    10.4 Some Types of Low Alloy Steel

    10.5 Nickel Steels

    10.6 Manganese Steels

    10.7 High Speed Steels

    10.8 Tempering and Precipitation Processes in Alloy Steels

    Chapter XI. Cast Irons

    11.1 General

    11.2 White Cast Irons

    11.3 Grey Cast Irons

    11.4 Under-cooled Graphite

    11.5 Nodular or Spheroidal Graphitic Cast Irons

    11.6 Malleable Cast Irons

    11.7 Martensitic Cast Irons

    11.8 Austenitic Cast Irons

    11.9 Silicon Irons

    11.10 High-chromium Cast Irons

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 360
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1966
  • Published: January 1, 1966
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483137285

About the Author

W. Hume-Rothery

About the Editors

H. M. Finniston

D. W. Hopkins

Affiliations and Expertise

University College of Swansea, UK

W. S. Owen

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