The Structure and Function of Nervous Tissue V5

The Structure and Function of Nervous Tissue V5

Structure III and Physiology III

1st Edition - January 1, 1972

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  • Editor: Geoffrey Bourne
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323144889

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Description

The Structure and Function of Nervous Tissue, Volume V: Structure III and Physiology III covers topics relating to nerve growth factor (NGF), neuroglia, central myelinated axon, adrenal medulla, and saccus vasculosus of the nervous system. The book begins with the physicochemical properties of the NGF molecule, followed by the neuroglial participation in the removal of debris from damaged central nervous system (CNS). It discusses the regional distribution and biochemical characteristics of two steroid-binding systems, one for estradiol and the other for corticosterone. It also presents studies on “split-brain”, an expression coined by Sperry (1961) to characterize an organism whose brain has been partially divided into two by surgical transection of the commissural fibers crossing the midline, in lower vertebrates, mammals, and primates. The book ends with electrophysiological studies of learning in simplified nervous system preparations. This book serves as a reference work for graduate students in a variety of disciplines and for those specializing in particular aspects of nervous tissue study.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    Contents of Other Volumes

    1. The Nerve Growth Factor

    I. Introduction

    II. Distribution and Localization of NGF in Organs and Tissues

    III. Chemical Properties of NGF

    IV. Metabolic Effects of the NGF

    V. The Target Nerve Cells

    VI. Concluding Remarks

    References

    2. Neuroglia in Experimentally Altered Central Nervous System

    I. Introduction

    II. Microglia

    III. Astrocytes

    IV. Oligodendrocytes

    V. Other Sources of CNS Phagocytes

    VI. Hypothesis: The Experimental Alteration as a Determinant of Phagocyte Derivation

    References

    3. The Pathology of the Central Myelinated Axon

    I. Introduction

    II. Normal Anatomy

    III. Pathological Anatomy

    IV. Summary

    References

    4. The Adrenal Medulla

    I. Introduction

    II. Structure of the Adrenal Medulla

    III. Biosynthesis of Catecholamines

    IV. Isolation and Composition of Storage Vesicles

    V. Storage of Catecholamines

    VI. Uptake of Catecholamines by Storage Vesicles

    VII. Release of Catecholamines by Storage Vesicles

    VIII. Secretion from the Adrenal Medulla

    IX. Quantal Aspects of Secretion

    X. Differential Secretion of Epinephrine and Norepinephrine

    XI. Effects of Drugs on Secretion

    XII. Metabolic Requirements for Secretion

    XIII. Electrophysiology of Stimulation-Secretion Coupling

    XIV. Stimulation-Induced Changes in the Adrenal Medulla

    XV. Conclusions

    References

    5. Sites of Steroid Binding and Action in the Brain

    I. Introduction

    II. Gonadal Hormones and the Central Nervous System

    III. Glucocorticoids and the Central Nervous System

    IV. Studies on Hormone Uptake and Binding in Regions of the Brain

    V. Possible Cellular Mechanisms of Hormone Action

    VI. Biochemical Effects of Steroid Hormones on the Brain

    VII. Conclusions

    References

    6. The Saccus Vasculosus

    I. Introduction

    II. Vascularization and Innervation

    III. Cell Types within the Epithelium

    IV. Physiological Studies

    V. Hypotheses Regarding Function

    References

    7. Representation in the Cerebral Cortex and Its Areal Lamination Patterns

    I. Introduction

    II. Architecture and the Areal Lamination Patterns

    III. Areal Lamination Patterns in Evolution

    IV. The Areal Patterns of Sensorimotor Representation

    V. The Areal Patterns of Gustatory Representation

    VI. The Areal Patterns of Auditory Representation

    VII. The Areal Patterns of Visual Representation

    VIII. Concluding Comments

    References

    8. Split-Brain Studies. Functional Interaction between Bilateral Central Nervous Structures

    I. Introduction

    II. Lower Vertebrates

    III. Mammals

    IV. Applications to Some Problems of Perception and Memory

    V. Man

    VI. Conclusion

    References

    9. Electrophysiological Studies of Learning in Simplified Nervous System Preparations

    I. Introduction

    II. Habituation

    III. Classical Conditioning

    IV. Instrumental Conditioning

    V. Conclusion

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index






Product details

  • No. of pages: 600
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1972
  • Published: January 1, 1972
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323144889

About the Editor

Geoffrey Bourne

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