The Structure and Function of Nervous Tissue V5 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780121192853, 9780323144889

The Structure and Function of Nervous Tissue V5

1st Edition

Structure III and Physiology III

Editors: Geoffrey Bourne
eBook ISBN: 9780323144889
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1972
Page Count: 600
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Description

The Structure and Function of Nervous Tissue, Volume V: Structure III and Physiology III covers topics relating to nerve growth factor (NGF), neuroglia, central myelinated axon, adrenal medulla, and saccus vasculosus of the nervous system. The book begins with the physicochemical properties of the NGF molecule, followed by the neuroglial participation in the removal of debris from damaged central nervous system (CNS). It discusses the regional distribution and biochemical characteristics of two steroid-binding systems, one for estradiol and the other for corticosterone. It also presents studies on “split-brain”, an expression coined by Sperry (1961) to characterize an organism whose brain has been partially divided into two by surgical transection of the commissural fibers crossing the midline, in lower vertebrates, mammals, and primates. The book ends with electrophysiological studies of learning in simplified nervous system preparations. This book serves as a reference work for graduate students in a variety of disciplines and for those specializing in particular aspects of nervous tissue study.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Preface

Contents of Other Volumes

1. The Nerve Growth Factor

I. Introduction

II. Distribution and Localization of NGF in Organs and Tissues

III. Chemical Properties of NGF

IV. Metabolic Effects of the NGF

V. The Target Nerve Cells

VI. Concluding Remarks

References

2. Neuroglia in Experimentally Altered Central Nervous System

I. Introduction

II. Microglia

III. Astrocytes

IV. Oligodendrocytes

V. Other Sources of CNS Phagocytes

VI. Hypothesis: The Experimental Alteration as a Determinant of Phagocyte Derivation

References

3. The Pathology of the Central Myelinated Axon

I. Introduction

II. Normal Anatomy

III. Pathological Anatomy

IV. Summary

References

4. The Adrenal Medulla

I. Introduction

II. Structure of the Adrenal Medulla

III. Biosynthesis of Catecholamines

IV. Isolation and Composition of Storage Vesicles

V. Storage of Catecholamines

VI. Uptake of Catecholamines by Storage Vesicles

VII. Release of Catecholamines by Storage Vesicles

VIII. Secretion from the Adrenal Medulla

IX. Quantal Aspects of Secretion

X. Differential Secretion of Epinephrine and Norepinephrine

XI. Effects of Drugs on Secretion

XII. Metabolic Requirements for Secretion

XIII. Electrophysiology of Stimulation-Secretion Coupling

XIV. Stimulation-Induced Changes in the Adrenal Medulla

XV. Conclusions

References

5. Sites of Steroid Binding and Action in the Brain

I. Introduction

II. Gonadal Hormones and the Central Nervous System

III. Glucocorticoids and the Central Nervous System

IV. Studies on Hormone Uptake and Binding in Regions of the Brain

V. Possible Cellular Mechanisms of Hormone Action

VI. Biochemical Effects of Steroid Hormones on the Brain

VII. Conclusions

References

6. The Saccus Vasculosus

I. Introduction

II. Vascularization and Innervation

III. Cell Types within the Epithelium

IV. Physiological Studies

V. Hypotheses Regarding Function

References

7. Representation in the Cerebral Cortex and Its Areal Lamination Patterns

I. Introduction

II. Architecture and the Areal Lamination Patterns

III. Areal Lamination Patterns in Evolution

IV. The Areal Patterns of Sensorimotor Representation

V. The Areal Patterns of Gustatory Representation

VI. The Areal Patterns of Auditory Representation

VII. The Areal Patterns of Visual Representation

VIII. Concluding Comments

References

8. Split-Brain Studies. Functional Interaction between Bilateral Central Nervous Structures

I. Introduction

II. Lower Vertebrates

III. Mammals

IV. Applications to Some Problems of Perception and Memory

V. Man

VI. Conclusion

References

9. Electrophysiological Studies of Learning in Simplified Nervous System Preparations

I. Introduction

II. Habituation

III. Classical Conditioning

IV. Instrumental Conditioning

V. Conclusion

References

Author Index

Subject Index






Details

No. of pages:
600
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1972
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323144889

About the Editor

Geoffrey Bourne