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The Socio–Political Complex - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080233918, 9781483188751

The Socio–Political Complex

1st Edition

An Interdisciplinary Approach to Political Life

Author: A. Khoshkish
eBook ISBN: 9781483188751
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1979
Page Count: 406
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The Socio-political Complex: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Political Life details the various variables that contribute to the socio-political phenomena. The title emphasizes the motivational aspects that drive political behaviors. The text covers the psychological, anthropological, sociological, and economical aspects of politics. The coverage of the selection includes group fermentations and dynamics; values and related matters; and signs and symbols, rituals, and norms. The text also covers social semantics, concept of power, and political culture. The book will be of great interest to anyone concerned in politics and social problem.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1 Introduction

I. Policy and Polity

II. The Perspective

III. Scope of Political Science

IV. Political Science and Other Sciences

V. The Art

VI. The Sermon

Chapter 2 Beyond Aristotle's "Political Animal"

I. Physiological Drives

Homo Sapiens

The Social Animal

II. Psychological Drives

Domination Drive

Challenge, Excitement and Game

The Search for—and the Fear of—the Unknown

III. Sociological Needs




Chapter 3 Group Fermentations and Dynamics

I. The Individual and the Group

II. Group Association

III. Affectional and Functional Relations

Affectional Relations

Functional Relations

Common Grounds of Affectional and Functional Relations

IV. Size and Nature of Groups

V. Family and Kinship, Clan and Tribe

VI. From Simpler to More Complex Groups

Cumulative Economy

Functional Social Differentiation

Affectional Communal Identification

Differentiation and Identification, Functional and Affectional

VII. The Range of group Identity

VIII. Group Integration

Chapter 4 Values and Related Matters

I. Interests

II. Interest-Value Insularity

III. Interest-Orienting Properties of Values

IV Interest-Justifying Properties of Values

V. Metaphysical and Material Variations of Values

Chapter 5 Crystallization of Values

I. Beliefs

II. Myths


National Socialism

III. Ideology

IV. The Belief-Myth-Ideology Spectrum

Chapter 6 Signs and Symbols, Rituals and Norms

I. From Signs to Symbols

II. Rituals

III. Symbolic Stratification

IV. Norms

Moral Norms

Ethical Norms

Legal Norms

V. Normative Interplay

Chapter 7 Value/NormJForming Agencies and Processes

I. Family

II. Family and Church

III. Family, Church and Education

The Apprentice

The Scribe and the Cleric

The Philosopher

The Pedagogue

IV. New Churches: Ideological and Mythical Systems

V. Mass Media

VI. Family, Church, Education, Party, Media and Peers

Chapter 8 Social Semantics

I. Choice

II. Temperaments and Valuational Congruity/Incongruity

The Adventurer and the Conserver


False Values

Image and Role

III. Reference Groups

Age, Sex and Race

Intelligence and Education

Status, Wealth and Class

IV. From Conformity to Revolt

Conformity and Consent

Acquiescence and Apathy

Dissent and Civil Disobedience

Revolt: Radical and Reactionary Extremism

Chapter 9 Total Environment and Man

I. Man Explained

Man the Organic Product

Man the System

Man the Historical Product

Man the Spiritual Being

II. Man Organized

Economic and Social "Natural Laws" and Survival of the Fittest

Socio-Psychologically Arranged Contentment and Material Affluence

III. Man the Central Science

IV. Culture

Human Energy and Its Exploitation

Cross Cultural Fertilization

Tradition, Transition and Modernity

Chapter 10 Power

I. The Sources of Power

II. The Spheres of Power

Chapter 11 Political Culture

Interaction and Interpenetration of Power Complexes

I. Conversion of Power into Authority



II. Transitional Period in the West

Laws: Natural, Customary, Common and Statutory

Sovereignty and the State

The Bourgeoisie

III. Western Evolution Towards Modernization

The Case of Great Britain


The United States and the Soviet Union

Chapter 12 The Modern West, or the Triumph of Bourgeois Nationalism

I. Fatalism and Concernment

II. Activism/Pacifism of Ruler and Ruled

Happiness and Freedom: Utilitarian, Liberal and Democratic

Social Justice: Socialism and Anarchism, Utopian and Scientific


III. Towards a National Bourgeoisie


Chapter 13 Polity

I. The State, Its Head and the Government

Monism or "Confusion" of Powers

II. Pluralism

Separation of Powers

Fusion and Indirect Separation of Powers

III. Constitution

"Distribution" of Sovereignty

Distribution of Authority According to Angles of Vision

Chapter 14 People and Government

I. Representation

Electoral Arrangements

The People and The Public

II. Criteria For Popular Participation

From the Individual to the Group: Political Parties

From the Party to the Government

III. The "Business" of Government: Politicians and Bureaucrats

IV. The Role of Government


I. Institutional Turgescence

II. Authority Redundance

III. The Ideal/Real/Hypocritical Loop

Notes and References



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© Pergamon 1979
1st January 1979
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

A. Khoshkish

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