The Shanidar Neandertals - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780127005508, 9781483276472

The Shanidar Neandertals

1st Edition

Authors: Erik Trinkaus
eBook ISBN: 9781483276472
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th August 1983
Page Count: 528
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Description

The Shanidar Neandertals describes the functional morphology of the Neanderthals and their place in human evolution based on a paleontological study of fossils discovered at Shanidar Cave in northeastern Iraq. Functional interpretations are provided that describe and discuss the individual fossils. The phylogenetic implications of the Shanidar specimens are also discussed.

Comprised of 14 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the Neanderthal remains from the Shanidar Cave and the paleontological data obtained from the fossils. The discussion then turns to the history of the excavations in Shanidar Cave and the discoveries of the Neanderthals; morphometrics of the Shanidar remains; and determination of the age and sex of the Shanidar Neanderthals. Subsequent chapters focus on various aspects of the Neanderthal fossils, including the cranial and mandibular remains; the dental remains; the axial skeleton; and the upper and lower limb remains. The immature remains are also described, along with bodily proportions and the estimation of stature.

This monograph will be of interest to archaeologists, anthropologists, paleontologists, and paleopathologists.

Table of Contents


Figures

Tables

Preface

Acknowledgments

1. Introduction

2. Shanidar Cave and the Discovery of the Shanidar Neandertals

The Site of Shanidar Cave

History of Excavations

The Neandertal Partial Skeletons

3. Morphometric Considerations

4. Age and Sex of the Shanidar Neandertals

Age

Sex

Summary

5. The Cranial and Mandibular Remains

Shanidar 1

Shanidar 2

Shanidar 4

Shanidar 5

Shanidar 6

Shanidar 8

Artificial Deformation of the Shanidar 1 and 5 Crania

Summary of the Shanidar Skull Morphology

6. The Dental Remains

Shanidar 1

Shanidar 2

Shanidar 3

Shanidar 4

Shanidar 5

Shanidar 6

Anterior Dental Remains

Posterior Dental Remains

Taurodontism

Summary

7. The Axial Skeleton

Cervical Vertebrae

Thoracic Vertebrae

Lumbar Vertebrae

Sacrum

Coccygeal Vertebra

Ribs

Sternum

Summary

8. The Upper Limb Remains

Clavicles

Scapulae

Humeri

Ulnae

Radii

Hand Remains

Summary

9. The Lower Limb Remains

Innominate Bones

Femora

Patellae

Tibiae

Fibulae

Foot Remains

Summary

10. The Immature Remains

Cranial Remains

Dentition

Axial Skeleton

Upper Limb Remains

Lower Limb Remains

Summary

11. Bodily Proportions and the Estimation of Stature

Bodily Proportions

Estimation of Stature

12. The Paleopathology of the Shanidar Neandertals

Shanidar

Shanidar

Shanidar

Shanidar

Shanidar

Shanidar

Shanidar

Summary

13. Significant Aspects of the Shanidar Neandertals

The Shanidar Sample

The Shanidar Fossils as Neandertals

Evolutionary Trends in the Shanidar Sample

The Shanidar Neandertals as Near Eastern Fossil Hominids

Phylogenetic Implications of the Shanidar Neandertals

Behavioral Implications of the Shanidar Neandertals

Conclusion

14. Some Thoughts on the Evolution of the Neandertals

Historical Background

Phylogenetic Relationships

Neandertal Behavior

Conclusion

References

Index

Details

No. of pages:
528
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1983
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483276472

About the Author

Erik Trinkaus

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