The Science of Grapevines

1st Edition

Anatomy and Physiology

Authors: Markus Keller
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123748812
eBook ISBN: 9780080890487
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 3rd February 2010
Page Count: 400
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Written by a recognized expert and based on his experience in teaching the subject to students with a variety of educational backgrounds, The Science of Grapevines: Anatomy and Physiology is the only book to comprehensively explore the physiology of the grapevine as it occurs around the world.

While other books have focused on the vines of specific regions, the globalization of the wine industry and the resulting increase of lands around the world being used for grapevine cultivation have left a gap in information. This book addresses not only the specific issues and concerns of grapevines from regions around the world, but includes important emerging topics such as global climate change, water relations, temperature effect and more.

Key Features

Provides global coverage of grapevines, including the regional differences, similarities, challenges and potential changes
Avoids jargon while bringing the reader into this important aspect of the wine industry

* Classroom proven by a leading expert in grapevine anatomy


Students in viticulture and enology courses. Course title names would include: Viticulture (Intro/General/Advanced), Grapevine Anatomy, Grapevine Physiology, Grapevine Biology, Biology of Cultivated Perennial Plants, and Enology Professionals in viticulture including growers, vineyard managers, technical viticulturalists Enthusiasts seeking greater understanding of the entire wine-making process

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Botany and Anatomy

1.1 Botanical classification and geographical distribution

1.2 Cultivars, clones and rootstocks

1.3 Morphology and anatomy

Chapter 2 Phenology and Growth Cycle

2.1 Seasons and daylength

2.2 Vegetative cycle

2.3 Reproductive cycle

Chapter 3 Water Relations and Nutrient Uptake

3.1 Osmosis, water potential and cell expansion

3.2 Transpiration and stomatal action

3.3 Water and nutrient uptake and transport

Chapter 4 Photosynthesis and Respiration

4.1 Light absorption and energy capture

4.2 Carbon uptake and assimilation

4.3 Photorespiration

4.4 Respiration

Chapter 5 Partitioning of Assimilates

5.1 Photosynthate translocation and distribution

5.2 Canopy-environment interactions

5.3 Nitrogen assimilation and interaction with carbon metabolism

Chapter 6 Developmental Physiology

6.1 Yield formation

6.2 Grape composition and fruit quality

Chapter 7 Environmental Constraints and Stress Physiology

7.1 Responses to stress

7.2 Water: too much or too little

7.3 Nutrients: deficiency and excess

7.4 Temperature: too cold or too warm

7.5 Living with other organisms: defense and damage



Internet Resources


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About the Author

Markus Keller

Dr. Keller received his master's degree in agronomy (plant science) and doctorate in natural sciences from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich. He has taught and conducted research in viticulture and grapevine physiology in three continents and is the author of numerous scientific and technical papers and industry articles in addition to being a frequent speaker at scientific conferences and industry meetings and workshops. He also has extensive practical experience in both the vineyard and winery as a result of work in the family enterprise and was awarded the Swiss AgroPrize for innovative contributions to Switzerland's agricultural industry.

Affiliations and Expertise

Irrigated Agriculture Research and Extension Center, Washington State University, Prosser, WA, USA


""Professor Markus Keller has written an extraordinary text book of grapevine physiology, whose nature and scope exceed anything available in the English language. While the title is ""The Science of Grapevines, Anatomy and Physiology"", there is far more physiology than anatomy, and of the physiology much of it is at the whole plant level. Where necessary, Keller however invokes explanations at organ tissue or cell level, but the major emphasis is to understand the grapevine's response to its environment. The author makes no apology to use data from other plants where necessary. This leads Keller to propose, in his preface, that such knowledge "" might help...further our understanding of the world's most important and arguably most malleable fruit crop"". Why is this book so extraordinary? Because it is so well referenced! There are 310 pages of text, divided into 7 very logical chapters. There are 57 pages of references, containing an estimated 1650 citations. These are very comprehensive, of necessity mostly contemporary, but including reference to Charles Darwin's studies with the grapevine published in 1875, the first viticulture text book I have seen to do this. Keller's magnificent book is a gift to teachers and students of grapevine physiology. It is easy to read, and well indexed. There are limited illustrations and colour photographs from the authors collection. The book's strength is in the comprehensive and integrative treatment of grapevine physiology.""--Dr Richard E Smart, Smart Viticulture and RuralSmart, Tasmania, Australia

""Markus Keller has done a great favor to passionate grape growers around the globe. He has written a user friendly textbook about how grapevines work. Many grape growers do not have formal education in viticulture and lack a foundation of knowledge in biology and plant science. While it is not essential to have a deep understanding about how a grapevine works, just as having a rudimentary understanding