The Science and Technology of Cement and other Hydraulic Binders

The Science and Technology of Cement and other Hydraulic Binders

1st Edition - December 12, 2022

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  • Author: Vipin Kant Singh
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323950800

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Description

The Science and Technology of Cement and other Hydraulic Binders covers the design of Portland Cement composition using the ideas and formulae of earlier scientists, including the calculation of proportions of different cement phases formed during processing. Other chapters cover cement manufacture by dry, semi-dry or wet processes using rotary and shaft kilns. Particular attention is given to the physical changes that occur in the raw mix when affected by chemical processes. The chemistry of clinker formation which is concerned chiefly with high temperature reactions in the solid-state phase or reactions in the presence of the liquid phase is also discussed. Users will find the latest information on the storage of cement, its packing and handling, hydration and setting, Gypsum, different mineral additions, and advances in special and newer cements, including blended cements, Portland slag cement, Pozzolanic cements, high alumina cements, high-strength cement-based materials, fiber-reinforced cement, non-Portland cements and lime.

Key Features

  • Covers raw materials, cement design and manufacturing, fuels used in manufacturing, phase balances, clinker training, hydration and setting
  • Includes various types of cement, mineral additions, high strength cement and different cement-based materials
  • Presents information on activated alkaline materials, recycled cements and novel additions
  • Discusses future trends in cement manufacturing and the circular economy
  • Contains a high number of figures, tables and reference data

Readership

Materials scientists, chemical and civil engineers, cement manufacturers and industrial professional in R&D departments. Postgraduate students in materials science and civil engineering programs working in cement-related topics

Table of Contents

  • Part 1. OVERVIEW OF CEMENT AND THE CEMENT INDUSTRY
    1. Cementitious materials
    2. Invention of Cement
    3. The Development of the Cement Industry
    4. Production of Cement

    Part 2. PHYSICO-CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF RAW MATERIALS IN THE CEMENT INDUSTRY
    1. Classification of Raw Materials
    2. Components of Raw Material
    3. Additives and Corrective Materials
    4. Raw Materials Compatibility
    5. Exploration of raw materials

    Part 3. DESIGN, DEVELOPMENT AND CONTROL CEMENT COMPOSITION
    1. Proportioning formulae
    2. Proportioning of materials and analysis
    3. Calculation of raw-mix proportions
    4. Calculation of phase composition

    Part 4. OVERVIEW OF SIZE REDUCTION OF RAW MATERIALS IN THE CEMENT INDUSTRY
    1. Coarse size reduction
    2. Intermediate size reduction
    3. Removal of foreign bodies
    4. Fine size reduction
    5. Size classification
    6. Reactivity of ground raw mix
    7. Grinding aids for cement industry

    Part 5. PROCESS OF MANUFACTURE OF PORTLAND CEMENT
    1. Technical considerations
    2. Manufacture of cement by dry process
    3. Manufacture of cement by wet process
    4. Manufacture of cement by semi-dry process
    5. Manufacture by semi-wet process

    Part 6. FUELS, BURNABILITY AND CHARACTERIZATION OF CEMENT RAW MIX
    1. Fuels
    2. Storage of fuels
    3. Utilization of fuel
    4. Combustible wastes (Refinery sludge)
    5. Cost effective utilization of other combustible wastes
    6. Chopped tyres
    7. Municipal refuge
    8. Use of industrial wastes in cement kiln

    Part 7. FORMATION OF CEMENT PHASES AND KINETICS OF CLINKER FORMATION
    1. Formation of clinker phases
    2. Portland Cement Constituents
    3. Quality control of cement clinker

    Part 8. PHASE EQUILIBRIA AND FORMATION OF CLINKER PHASES
    1. Important definitions
    2. Interpretation of phase diagrams
    3. One component system
    4. Two component system
    5. Lever rule (or center of gravity principle)
    6. The course of crystallization in binary systems
    7. Melting in binary systems
    8. Crystallization in binary solid-solution systems
    9. Three component system
    10. Ternary CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 system
    11. The field of cement in the system CaO-Al2O3-SiO2

    Part 9. OVERVIEW OF CEMENT CLINKER GRINDING
    1. Grinding systems
    2. Pre-grinding before final grinding
    3. Finish grinding
    4. Fineness and particle size distribution of cement
    5. Grinding aids used in clinker grinding
    6. Grinding temperature

    Part 10. STORAGE OF CLINKER AND CEMENT, PACKING AND DISPATCH OF CEMENT
    1. Storage of clinker
    2. Storage of cement
    3. Cement packing and handling
    4. Dispatch and transport of cement

    Part 11. POLLUTANTS AND POLLUTION CONTROL IN THE CEMENT INDUSTRY
    1. Environmental noise pollution
    2. Environmental improvements by abatement of ground vibrations
    3. Pollution control equipment
    4. Environmental gas pollution
    5. Conventional control technologies in industries
    6. Process compatible control technology in cement manufacturing
    7. Measurement of harmful emissions

    Part 12. HYDRATION AND SETTING OF PORTLAND CEMENT
    1. Process of hydration
    2. The Induction Period
    3. Hydration of the pure phases
    4. Mechanism of hydration of pure phases
    5. Mechanism of hydration of Portland cement
    6. Hydration of cement at elevated temperature
    7. Hydration of cement at low temperature
    8. Air setting of Portland cement
    9. Carbonation of cement

    Part 13. TYPES OF GYPSUM AND SET REGULATION OF CEMENT
    1. Mineral gypsum
    2. Influence of gypsum on grindability of clinker
    3. Influence of gypsum on hydration of cement
    4. Influence of gypsum on the hydration of Portland cement5. Optimum gypsum content in cement6. Types of gypsum
    7. Gypsum and plaster of paris
    8. Keene's Cement

    Part 14. PORTLAND CEMENT ADDITIVES
    1. Admixture for cement
    2. Admixture for cement mortar and concrete
    3. Accelerators4. Retarders
    5. Water-proofers
    6. Workability aids and plasticizers
    7. Superplasticizers
    8. Air-entraining admixtures

    Part 15. ADVANCES IN SOME SPECIAL AND NEWER CEMENTS
    1. White cement
    2. Coloured cements
    3. Quick setting cement
    4. Early strength cement
    5. High early strength cement
    6. Alinite cement7. Belite cement
    8. Activated belite cement
    9. Low-heat cement10. Rapid hardening cement
    11. Extra rapid hardening cement12. Sorel cement
    13. Phosphate cements
    14. Keene’s cement15. Iron ore cement
    16. Barium cement
    17. Sulphate resisting cement
    18. Hydrophobic cement
    19. Waterproof cement
    20. Oil well cement
    21. Expanding cement
    22. Masonry cement

    Part 16. ADVANCES IN BLENDED CEMENTS
    1. Portland based cements
    2. Formulation of blended cements
    3. Alkali activated slag or aluminosilicates
    4. Pyrament cement
    5. Alite sulphoaluminate cement
    6. Belite sulpho-aluminate cement
    7. Blended high alumina cements
    8. Blended ciment fondu
    9. Limestone filler and blending component

    Part 17. DEVELOPMENTS IN PORTLAND SLAG CEMENTS
    1. Production of slag
    2. Activation of slag
    3. Types of slag cements
    4. Granulation of slag5. Manufacture of slag cement
    6. Properties of slag cement
    7. Kinetics of hydration of cements containing slag
    8. Portland slag cement – specifications

    Part 18. CLASSIFICATION OF POZZOLANA AND PRODUCTION OF POZZOLANIC CEMENTS
    1. Pozzolana
    2. Classification of pozzolanas
    3. Pozzolanic cements4. Pozzolanic activity
    5. Hydration of pozzolanic materials and cement
    6. Silica fume-cement hydration reaction
    7. Kinetics of hydration of cement containing pozzolanas
    8. Properties of pozzolanic cements
    9. Applications of pozzolanic cements
    10. Advantages of pozzolana cement
    11. Disadvantages
    12. Portland-pozzolana cement specifications

    Part 19. CALCIUM ALUMINATE AND HIGH ALUMINA CEMENTS
    1. Non-Portland cement
    2. Manufacture of high alumina cement
    3. Chemical and mineralogical composition of high alumina cement
    4. WHITE ALUMINOUS CEMENTS
    5. Properties of high alumina cement
    6. Hydration of aluminous cement7. Hydration of individual phases
    8. Effect of temperature on hydration and hydrated aluminous cement
    9. Water combined on setting
    10. Volume change in setting of aluminous cement
    11. Applications of refractory calcium aluminate cement
    12. Measures to control the rise of temperature
    13. Mixtures of high alumina cement and Portland cement
    14. The setting of high alumina cement
    15. Effect of additions on aluminous cement16. Macro-defect-free (MDF) cement
    17. Mixtures of aluminous cement and granulated blast furnace slag
    18. Attack of external agencies on aluminous cement concrete

    Part 20. ADVANCES IN HIGH STRENGTH CEMENT BASED MATERIALS
    1. DSP cement
    2. HIGH-STRENGTH CONCRETE (HSC)
    3. Polymer modified cement products
    4. Macro-defect-free (MDF) materials
    5. PC-MDF Cement
    6. Laminated MDF
    7. Infiltrated products
    8. DSP Composites
    9. Compact reinforced concrete
    10. Ultra-high strength concrete

    Part 21. FIBRE REINFORCED CEMENT - THIN SHEETS
    1. The matrix phase
    2. Fibres and their properties
    3. Manufacture of composites
    4. Properties of composites
    5. Glass fibre reinforced cement
    6. Glass fibre reinforced gypsum (GRG)
    7. Carbon fibre reinforced cement
    8. Organic polymer fibre reinforced cement
    9. Natural plant fibre reinforced cement
    10. Future prospects

    Part 22. DEVELOPMENT OF NON-PORTLAND CEMENTS
    1. Formation of Non-Portland cements
    2. HYDRATION OF NPC
    3. MICROSTRUCTURE OF NON-PORTLAND CEMENTS
    4. PERFORMANCE AND USES OF NON-PORTLAND CEMENTSLIME AND RELATED PRODUCTS AS MATERIALS FOR CONSTRUCTION
    1. Importance of lime
    2. Types of lime
    3. Fat limes4. Hydraulic limes
    5. Comparisons of fat lime with hydraulic lime
    6. Selection of limestones
    7. Lime kilns8. Lime mortar
    9. Lime cycle
    10. Classification of lime
    11. Specification for building limes

Product details

  • No. of pages: 600
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2022
  • Published: December 12, 2022
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323950800

About the Author

Vipin Kant Singh

Dr. Vipin Kant Singh is a retired professor currently affiliated with the Department of Ceramic Engineering at the Indian Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India. He previously held the position of Head in the same department, and Ex-Director of the Kashi Institute of Technology, Varanasi. He was also Ex-Director of the United College of Engineering and Management in Allahabad for a short time. His specialism is in the field of cement where he has accumulated more than fifty years of teaching and research experience. He has published more than 65 articles in both national and international journals and has attended or published more than 61 seminar symposia. He has published widely on the Influence of various additives (organic and inorganic) on the properties of cement and has numerous publications on high alumina cement and its phases in several internal journals. He has worked at the University of Aberdeen, with Professor F.P. Glasser; the Slovak Technical University with Prof. J. Majling; the Inha University, Inchon (with Prof. Han) and Hanyang University, Seoul, South Korea (with Prof. Choi) under various International Exchange Programs. He has supervised 4 Ph.Ds. and examined 11 Ph.D. theses. He has completed various research projects with the Government of India and guided MHRD and CSIR Post Doc. Fellows. He has also organized various seminars as chairman and chaired technical sessions at numerous international conferences.

Affiliations and Expertise

Retired Professor, Department of Ceramic Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, India

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