The Rise and Fall of National Test Scores

The Rise and Fall of National Test Scores

1st Edition - December 28, 1981

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  • Editors: Gilbert R. Austin, Herbert Garber
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483216287

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The Rise and Fall of National Test Scores examines, in some depth, the nature of test score changes over an extended period of time and in a broad range of subject matters and levels of schooling. The book contains chapters contributed by experts on various aspects of educational tests and score interpretation and uses. The text discusses the interpretations of trends in college admissions test scores and questions about the post-admission performance of ethnic minority students. The book examines general school achievement trends of high school students and the trends observed in broad-based testing programs of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). The complexities involved in obtaining dependable data with which to make informed judgments about reading achievement trends are examined. The text further tackles the positive and negative trends in academic achievement in Science with particular emphasis on the effects of curriculum revision; as well as the problems of mathematics testing. The book then describes test score trends and problems in Great Britain and Ireland, with attention given to the similarities and differences of those countries and the United States. Educators, researchers, political leaders, and informed, interested laymen will find the book invaluable.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors



    1 Learning, Schooling, Scores: A Continuing Controversy

    2 College Entrance Examination Trends

    The Content of the Tests

    Who Takes the Tests

    Some Possible Pervasive Forces

    The Panel's Summary and Recommendations


    3 Analyzing Changes in School Levels of Achievement for Men and Women Using Project TALENT Ten- and Fifteen-Year Retests

    4 Functional Literacy and Writing: Some Cautions about Interpretation


    Functional Literacy

    Measurement of Writing Skills


    Appendix A—National Assessment: A Source of Descriptive Educational Data

    Appendix B—Classification and Description of the Items Used the Mini-Assessment of Functional Literacy


    5 Reading Trend Data in the United States: A Mandate for Caveats and Caution


    Then and Now Reading Achievement

    Caveats Accompanying Test Data

    Literacy Data Trends

    Other Trend Indicators



    6 Trends in School Mathematics Performance

    What's Up? Down? The Same?

    What Is Causing Achievement Declines?

    Are the Tests Valid and Reliable Indicators?



    7 National Science Test Scores: Positive and Negative Trends in Academic Achievement in Science with Particular Emphasis on the Effects of Recent Curriculum Revision


    Review of the Literature

    Conclusions and Recommendations


    8 Trends in Educational Standards in Great Britain and Ireland

    Assessments of Standards without the Use of Tests

    Attainments on Standardized Tests

    Trends in Standards in Public Examinations

    Problems in Monitoring National Standards



    9 Race, Social Class, Expection, and Achievement

    10 The Final Hurdle: Minimum Competency Achievement Testing

    What Is Minimum Competency Achievement Testing? and Why?

    The Growth of Minimum Competency Testing Programs and the Use of Test Results

    Characteristics of Competency Testing Programs, with Two Examples

    Some Likely Consequences of Minimum Competency Testing



    11 The Implications for Society


Product details

  • No. of pages: 288
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1981
  • Published: December 28, 1981
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483216287

About the Editors

Gilbert R. Austin

Herbert Garber

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