The Rat Brain in Stereotaxic Coordinates

The Rat Brain in Stereotaxic Coordinates

Hard Cover Edition

7th Edition - October 24, 2013

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  • Authors: George Paxinos, Charles Watson
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124157521
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123919496

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Since its first edition in 1982, the Paxinos and Watson rat brain atlas has become the most trusted source of accurate coordinates and anatomical information in laboratories throughout the world. It has been cited over 60,000 times, making it the most cited publication in neuroscience. The seventh edition incorporates new findings on developmental gene expression and presents the boundaries of neuromeres in sagittal sections.

Key Features

  • 161 thoroughly revised coronal diagrams and accompanying photographic plates spaced at 120 µm intervals
  • 19 thoroughly revised sagittal diagrams and accompanying photographic plates
  • 27 thoroughly revised horizontal diagrams and accompanying photographic plates
  • Photographic plates printed from high resolution digital images in color
  • Diagrams of all spinal cord segments
  • The most accurate and virtually universally used stereotaxic coordinate system
  • Neuromeric segments delineated in sagittal sections
  • A 'mini-atlas' of 14 diagrams to assist beginning students of neuroanatomy
  • Over 1000 structures identified
  • Electronic diagrams available to purchasers of this book via a companion web site (


Researchers in neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, and molecular expression/cloning in the rat brain, as well as anyone using the rat as an experimental model.

Table of Contents

  • Dedication

    Key features of the Seventh Edition

    Reproduction of figures by users of the Atlas

    How to cite this book





    Stereotaxic surgery

    Histological methods

    Stereotaxic Reference System

    Drawings of coronal brain sections

    Drawings of sagittal brain sections

    Drawings of horizontal brain sections

    Accuracy of the stereotaxic coordinates

    Nomenclature and the construction of abbreviations

    The basis of delineation of structures


    Mesencephalon (Midbrain)

    Rhombencephalon (Hindbrain)

    Spinal Cord

    Mini-atlas of the rat brain


    List of Structures

    Index of Abbreviations


Product details

  • No. of pages: 472
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2013
  • Published: October 24, 2013
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124157521
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123919496

About the Authors

George Paxinos

George Paxinos
Professor George Paxinos, AO (BA, MA, PhD, DSc) completed his BA at The University of California at Berkeley, his PhD at McGill University, and spent a postdoctoral year at Yale University. He is the author of almost 50 books on the structure of the brain of humans and experimental animals, including The Rat Brain in Stereotaxic Coordinates, now in its 7th Edition, which is ranked by Thomson ISI as one of the 50 most cited items in the Web of Science. Dr. Paxinos paved the way for future neuroscience research by being the first to produce a three-dimensional (stereotaxic) framework for placement of electrodes and injections in the brain of experimental animals, which is now used as an international standard. He was a member of the first International Consortium for Brain Mapping, a UCLA based consortium that received the top ranking and was funded by the NIMH led Human Brain Project. Dr. Paxinos has been honored with more than nine distinguished awards throughout his years of research, including: The Warner Brown Memorial Prize (University of California at Berkeley, 1968), The Walter Burfitt Prize (1992), The Award for Excellence in Publishing in Medical Science (Assoc Amer Publishers, 1999), The Ramaciotti Medal for Excellence in Biomedical Research (2001), The Alexander von Humbolt Foundation Prize (Germany 2004), and more.

Affiliations and Expertise

Neuroscience Research Australia and The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

Charles Watson

Charles Watson is a neuroscientist and public health physician. His qualifications included a medical degree (MBBS) and two research doctorates (MD and DSc). He is Professor Emeritus at Curtin University, and holds adjunct professorial research positions at the University of New South Wales, the University of Queensland, and the University of Western Australia. He has published over 100 refereed journal articles and 40 book chapters, and has co-authored over 25 books on brain and spinal cord anatomy. The Paxinos Watson rat brain atlas has been cited over 80,000 times. His current research is focused on the comparative anatomy of the hippocampus and the claustrum. He was awarded the degree of Doctor of Science by the University of Sydney in 2012 and received the Distinguished Achievement Award of the Australasian Society for Neuroscience in 2018.

Affiliations and Expertise

John Curtin Distinguished Professor of Health Science, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Australia and Neuroscience Research Australia, NSW Sydney, Australia

Ratings and Reviews

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  • RosalinaAlvarez Sat Sep 21 2019

    The rat Brain- really good

    The rat Brain- really good

  • Rafael P. Mon Mar 19 2018

    The Rat Brain in Stereotaxic Coordinates?

    The best book available in its field