The Psychophysiology of Thinking

The Psychophysiology of Thinking

Studies of Covert Processes

1st Edition - January 1, 1973

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  • Editor: F Mcguigan
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323147002

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Description

The Psychophysiology of Thinking: Studies of Covert Processes describes the relation between brain events and peripheral bodily phenomena in the context of psychological theory. This book is organized into six parts encompassing 14 chapters, which focus on higher mental processes. This book starts with the historical development of electrical measures of covert processes. The subsequent chapters discuss the mechanism of conditioning of central nervous system, the skeletal musculature, and the autonomic activity. Other chapters explore the principles of hallucinations, sleep and dreaming, imagery, biofeedback, evoked potentials during thought, meaning, and thought with concomitant measures. The remaining chapters emphasize cerebral mechanisms, which principal concern is with the involvement of other bodily mechanisms in thought. Psychophysiologists, neurobiologists, behaviorists, and researchers in the fields of thinking and covert processes will find this book invaluable.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Introduction

    1. Electrophysiology of Mental Activities and Introduction to the Psychological Process of Thinking

    The Discussion of Dr. Jacobson' s Paper

    Open Discussion

    References and Supporting Publications

    Emphasis on Central Nervous System—Primaryil Electroencephalogmra

    2. The Operant Conditioning of the Electrical Activity of the Brain as a Method for Controlling Neural and Mental Processes

    I. Introduction

    II. The Processes Controlled by Operant Neural Conditioning

    III. Operant Neural Conditioning as a Method of Control

    IV. Efficiency of Conditioning: Feedback and Constraints on Conditioning

    V. Operant Neural Conditioning as a Method for Studying Functional Significance

    VI . Conclusion

    The Discussion of Dr. Black's Presentation

    Open Discussion

    References

    3. Evoked Potentials of the Brain Related to Thinking

    I. Experimental Design

    II. Average Evoked Potential from One Subject

    III. Analysis of Group Data

    IV. CNV and AEP

    V. AEP Changes with Learning

    VI. Discussion

    VII. Conclusions

    References

    The Discussion of Dr. Chapman's Paper

    Open Discussion

    References

    4. Objective EEG Methods for Studying Covert Shifts of Visual Attention

    I. Introduction

    II. Neurophysiological Basis for Changes in the EEG Related to Visual Attention

    Open Discussion

    References

    5. The Psychophysiology of Mental Activity during Sleep

    I. Description of the Stages of Sleep

    II. Relationship of Mental Activity to Sleep Stages

    III. Temporal Correlates

    IV. EEG Correlates

    V. Motor Activity

    VI. Cardiac and Respiratory Activity

    VII. Electrodermal Activity

    VIII. Penile Erections

    IX. Temperature

    X. Sympathetic Arousal

    XI. Eye Movement Activity

    XII. Phasic Events

    XIII. Phasic Events and Other Physiological Variables

    References

    The Discussion of Dr. Rechtscharfen' s Paper

    Open Discussion

    References

    Emphasis on Central Nervous System—Primarily Surgical Approachase

    6. Lateral Specialization of Cerebral Function in the Surgically Separated Hemispheres

    The Discussion of Dr. Sperry's Paper

    Open Discussion

    References

    Emphasis on Peripheral Measures—Primarily Autonomic Behavior

    7. The Role of Consciousness and Cognition in Autonomic Behavior Change

    The Discussion of Dr. Grings's Paper

    Open Discussion

    References

    8. Psychophysiological Correlates of Imagery

    I. Theoretical Definition of Imagery

    II. Electroencephalographic Studies

    III. Eye Movements and Imagery

    IV. Pupillary Reactions during Imagery Tasks

    The Discussion of Dr. Paivio's Paper

    Open Discussion

    References

    Emphasis on Peripheral Measures—Primarily Electromyogram

    9. Hallucinations: An Experimental Approach

    I. Hypnotically Induced Hallucinations

    II. Conditioned Hallucinations

    The Discussion of Dr. Hefferline's Paper

    Open Discussion

    References

    10. Electrical Measurement of Covert Processes as an Explication of "Higher Mental Events"

    I. On the Genesis of the Problem of "Mind," and of a Natural Science

    Approach to "Mental Processes"

    II. Development of Experimental Techniques

    III. Language Stimuli as an Indicator of Thinking

    IV. Internal Information Processing

    V. Measurement of Covert Oral Behavior

    VI. Summary

    VII. Systematic Changes in the Amplitude of Covert Oral Behavior

    VIII. Summary and Preliminary Interpretation

    IX. Study of Patterns of Covert Processes

    X. Mediational Processes

    XI. Concluding Statement

    The Discussion of Dr. McGuigan's Paper

    Open Discussion

    References

    11. Biofeedback Techniques and the Conditions for Hallucinatory Activity

    I. Inferences about Consciousnes

    II. Between Sleep and Wakefulness

    III. On the Conditions for Hallucinatory Activity

    IV. Summary of Argument

    The Discussion of Dr. Stoyva's Paper

    Open Discussion

    References

    Integrative Approaches

    12. Central Processes Controlling Speech Production during Sleep and Waking

    I. Lashley's Views on Serial Order in Behavior

    II. Phoneme-Based Models of Speech Production

    III. The "Motor Command" Hypothesis

    IV. The "Target" Hypothesis

    V. The Role of Sensory Feedback

    VI. The Multiplicity of Functional Units

    VII. The Implications of Speech Errors

    VIII. An Hierarchical Schema for Speech Production

    IX. A Contemporary Associative Chain Model

    X. Speech Production during Sleep

    XI. Subvocal Activity during Sleep

    XII. Physiological Correlates of Sleep Talking

    XIII. Language Behavior during Sleep: Further Questions

    XIV. The Verbal Component of Dream Content

    XV. Speech Errors in Sleep-Talking Episodes

    The Discussion of Dr. MacNeilage's Paper

    Open Discussion

    References

    13. Psychophysiological Correlates of Meaning: Essences or Tracers?

    I. Two-Stage (Representational) Neobehaviorism

    II. Universals of Affective Meaning

    III. Three-Stage (Integrational) Neobehaviorism

    IV. Central Versus Peripheral Facilitation of Perception

    V. On the Nature and Nurture of Tracers of M

    The Discussion of Dr. Osgood's Paper

    Open Discussion

    References

    14. Final Open Discussion

    Author Index

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 528
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1973
  • Published: January 1, 1973
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323147002

About the Editor

F Mcguigan

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