- Presents a new conceptual approach to understanding crime as a disorder
- Is the most extensive review of biological predispositions to criminal behavior to date
- Analyzes the familial and extra-familial causes of crime
- Reviews the predispositions to crime including evolution and genetics, and the neuropsychological, psychophysiological, brain-imaging, neurochemical, and cognitive factors
- Presents the practical implications of viewing crime as a psychopathology in the contexts of free will, punishment, treatment, and future biosocial research
Table of Contents
Chapter 1. Crime and the Nature of Psychopathology:
Overview of Definitions and Their Fit to Criminal Behavior.
Construct Validity Approach to Psychopathology.
Chapter 2. Crime in the Context of Evolution:
Concepts in Sociobiolical Theory.
The Prisoners' Dilemma.
Suckers, Cheats and Grudgers.
The Survival of Cheats.
Sociobiological Theories of Antisocial Personality Disorder.
Rape and Homicide.
Evaluation of Evolutionary Perspectives.
Chapter 3. Genetics and Crime:
Ten Misconceptions about the Genetics of Crime.
Evidence from Twin Studies.
Limitations of Twin Studies.
Identical Twins Reared Apart.
Adoption Study Methodology.
Evidence from Adoption Studies.
Key Questions for Genetics Research on Crime.
Chapter 4. Neurochemistry:
Introduction to Neurotransmitters.
Drug Manipulation of Neurotransmitters in Humans.
Meta-analysis of Neurotransmitter Levels in Antisocial Populations.
Discussion of Key Findings.
Integration of Neurochemical Research with Existing Perspectives on Antisocial Behavior.
Recommendations for Future Neurochemical Research.
Chapter 5. Neuropsychology:
Introduction to Neuropsychology.
Limitations in the Application of Neuropsychological Methods to Crime.
Left Hemisphere Dysfunction.
Reduced Lateralization for Linguistic Functions.
Other Brain Sites and Crime.
Psychosurgery and Crime.
Conceptual Issues in Neuropsychological Research on Crime.
Chapter 6. Brain Imaging:
Techniques in Brain Imaging.
Computerized Tomography Studies of Crime and Violence.
Positron Emission Tomography and Regional Cerebral Blood Flow Studies of Crime and Violence.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging Studies of Crime and Violence.
Reduced Prefrontal Glucose Metabolism in Murders.
Overview of Brain Imaging Studies: Frontal Dysfunction in Violent Offenders and Temporal Dysfunction in Sexual Offenders?
Theoretical Interpretations of Prefrontal Dysfunction.
Applications and Implications of Brain Imaging Research.
Chapter 7. Psychophysiology:
Introduction to Psychophisiology.
Skin Conductance and Crime.
Heart Rate and Crime.
Electroencephalogram and Crime.
Event-Related Potential Studies.
Prospective Psychophysiological Studies of Crime.
Disinhibited Temperament and Psychophysiological Underarousal.
Future Developments: The Nature of the Interaction between Psychophysiological and Social Predispositions for Crime.
Chapter 8. Other Biological Factors: Head Injury, Pregnancy, and Birth Complications, Physical Appearance, Hormones, Diet, and Lead:
Fetal Maldevelopment and Minor Physical Anomalies.
Physical Attraction/Disability and Cosmetic Surgery.
Premenstrual Syndrome and Crime.
Chapter 9. Cognitive Deficits:
Classical Conditioning and Crime.
Avoidance Learning and Crime.
Oversensitivity to Rewards.
General Comments on Classical Conditioning and Avoidance Learning Deficits in Criminals.
Fear Dissipation and Skin Conductance Half-Recovery Time in Criminals.
Social Information Processing.
Chapter 10. Familial Influences:
Family Management and Discipline.
Size and Significance of Familial Correlates of Crime.
Chapter 11. Extrafamilial Influences:
Peer and School Factors.
Unemployment and Low Income.
Urban Living/Poor Housing.
The Cycle of Social Dysfunction in Criminals.
Chapter 12. Is Crime a Disorder?
Fit of Definitions of Disorder to Research Findings on Crime.
Arguments against the Notion That Crime Is a Disorder and Their Associated Counterarguments.
Societal and Sociobiological Barriers to Accepting Crime as a Disorder.
Constraints on Free Will.
Crime as a Disorder and the Status of Biological Research.
Suggestions of Racist Undertones to Biological Research on Crime.
Future Directions in Criminality Research.
- No. of pages: 377
- Language: English
- Copyright: © Academic Press 2013
- Published: October 1, 1993
- Imprint: Academic Press
- eBook ISBN: 9780080571485
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