The Psychology of Learning - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080181363, 9781483159492

The Psychology of Learning

1st Edition

An Introduction for Students of Education

Authors: Gordon R. Cross
Editors: Edmund King
eBook ISBN: 9781483159492
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1974
Page Count: 302
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Description

The Psychology of Learning: An Introduction for Students of Education underlines some of the practical implications of the classical and more traditional topics of study, as well as the theoretical models of learning and psycholinguistics. The book explores various aspects of learning, including memory, motivation, skills, language, thinking, problem-solving, intelligence, ability, personality, educational technology, and moral behavior. The topics discussed in this book will be very valuable for all teachers in training.

Table of Contents


Introduction

Chapter 1. Learning I

Concept of Learning

Imprinting

Thorndike's Structure of S–R Bonds

Pavlov's Classical Conditioning

Skinner's Operant Conditioning

Hull's Need Reduction

Chapter 2. Learning II

Tolman's Sign Learning

The "Gestalt" School

Servo-Mechanisms and Theoretical Models

Deutsch; Miller's TOTE Plan; Lunzer

Additional Reading

Chapter 3. Memory

Perception

Broadbent's Model of Selective Attention

Short-term Memory

Long-term Memory

Forgetting

RNA and Memory

Additional Reading

Chapter 4. Motivation

Concept of Motivation

Objectives and Goals

Bloom's Taxonomy

Self-concepts and Ego-Involvement

Social-Group Influences

Arousal and Vigilance

Additional Reading

Chapter 5. Skills

Nature of Skill

Welford's Model of Sensori-Motor Performance

The Acquisition of Skill

Teaching Skills

Fatigue

Transfer of Training

Additional Reading

Chapter 6. Language

Communication in Man and Animals

Acquisition of Language

Behaviorist Theories

Pavlov; Skinner

Early Language Development

Babbling and Imitation; Open and Pivot Words; Expansion and Elaboration

Social Aspects

Bernstein; Luria and Yudovitch

Chomsky's Rule Generation Theory

Some Psycholinguistic Experiments

Social Class Differences in Rule Mastery; Difficulty in Making Sentence

Transformations; Yngve's Depth Hypothesis; Language and Memory Storage; Phrase Structure and Perception; Function Words and Inflections

Semantics

Word Association; Semantic Differential

Language Learning

Additional Reading

Chapter 7. Thinking and Problem-Solving

Concepts

Piaget's Theory

(a) Sensori-Motor

(b) Preconceptual Thought

(c) Intuitive Thought

(d) Concrete Operations

(e) Formal Operations

Educational Implications of Piaget's Work

Learning Concepts, Rules and Principles

Harlow's Learning Set; Language and Thought; Gagnés Model

Problem-Solving

Bruner on Scanning and Focusing; Algorithmic and Heuristic Approaches

Principles of Problem-Solving

Additional Reading

Chapter 8. Intelligence and Ability

Concept of Intelligence

Fallacies about Intelligence

Innate and Fixed; Development Peaks; National Intelligence is Declining; Distribution of Intelligence; Compensatory Factors

Types of Intelligence Test

The Structure of Abilities and Factor Analysis

Creativity and Its Assessment

Additional Reading

Chapter 9. Personality

Concept of Personality

Personality Assessment

Theories of Personality Development

Eysenck; Cattell, Psychoanalytic

Physique and Temperament

Assessment in Schools

Anxiety and Achievement

Alleviating Stress

Personality and Achievement

Additional Reading

Chapter 10. Educational Technology

Introduction

Programmed Learning

Pressey's Teaching Machine; Skinner's Linear Program; Crowder's

Branching Technique; Effectiveness of Programmed Learning; Computer-Assisted Methods

Audio-Visual Aids

Games and Simulation

Algorithms

Effectiveness of Audio-Visual Techniques

Additional Reading

Chapter 11. Moral Behavior

Concept of Morality

Piaget's Theory

Kohlberg's Theory

Moral Development and Learning Theory

Discipline and Order

Rules

Punishment

Discipline: The School and the Community

Additional Reading

Notes on Some Statistical and Technical Terms Used in Psychometrics

Standard Deviation

Correlation Coefficient

Reliability of a Test

Validity

Objectivity in Marking

Standardization for Age

Titles and Publishes of Tests Mentioned in the Text

References to Authors Cited in the Text

Author Index

Subject Index


Details

No. of pages:
302
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1974
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483159492

About the Author

Gordon R. Cross

About the Editor

Edmund King