The Psychology of Learning and Motivation - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124071872, 9780124072053

The Psychology of Learning and Motivation, Volume 59

1st Edition

Serial Editors: Brian Ross
eBook ISBN: 9780124072053
Hardcover ISBN: 9780124071872
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 4th June 2013
Page Count: 352
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Table of Contents

Series Editor

Contributors

Chapter One. Toward a Unified Theory of Reasoning

1 Introduction

2 What is Reasoning?

3 Models of Possibilities

4 Icons and Symbols

5 The Principle of Truth

6 Models as Counterexamples

7 Modulation and the Use of Knowledge

8 Induction and Abduction

9 Probabilities: Extensional and Intensional

10 Mental Simulations and Informal Programs

11 Toward a Unified Theory

12 Conclusions

References

Chapter Two. The Self-Organization of Human Interaction

1 Introduction: The “Centipede’s Dilemma” of Interaction Research

2 An Example Theoretical Debate and the Need for Integration

3 Self-organization and Human Interaction

4 Cognitive Dynamics under Social Constraints

5 Coordination, Complementarity, and Interactive Performance

6 Conclusion: Time for More Models

References

Chapter Three. Conceptual Composition: The Role of Relational Competition in the Comprehension of Modifier-Noun Phrases and Noun–Noun Compounds

1 Introduction

2 Modifier-Noun Phrases and Compounds as Expressions of Combined Concepts

3 Theoretical Framework: A Three-Stage Theory of Conceptual Combination

4 Evidence of the Modifier’s Role in Relation Suggestion

5 The Nature of Relations and the Nature of Relational Competition

6 The Role of Relation Competition in the Processing of Compounds that Lack an Underlying Relation

7 Evaluation of Relational Interpretations

8 Elaboration of Combined Concepts Following Relation Selection

9 Summary

10 Concluding Remarks

References

Chapter Four. List-Method Directed Forgetting in Cognitive and Clinical Research: A Theoretical and Methodological Review

1 Introduction

2 List-Method DF: Design and Measurement

3 Our Framework of List-Method DF

4 Forgetting is a Strategic Decision

5 Context Change as an Explanation for DF Impairment

6 Areas of Disagreement Across Studies

7 Strategy Change Explains DF Benefits

8 Implications for Clinical Populations

9 Concluding Thoughts

References

Chapter Five. Recollection is Fast and Easy: Pupillometric Studies of Face Memory

1 Introduction

2 Recognition Memory

3 Models of Memory

4 Estimating Recollection and Familiarity

5 Pupillometry

6 Psychophysiological Correlates of Memory for Faces

7 General Conclusions

References

Chapter Six. A Mechanistic Approach to Individual Differences in Spatial Learning, Memory, and Navigation

1 Introduction

2 What Does It Mean to Measure Spatial Learning and Navigational Ability?

3 Dual Systems for Spatial Learning in Rodents

4 Place and Response Learning in Humans

5 The Place/Response Framework for Individual Differences

6 Connections to Other Sources of Variability

7 Competition or Interaction of Systems

8 Conclusions

References

Chapter Seven. When Do the Effects of Distractors Provide a Measure of Distractibility?

1 Introduction

2 When Do “Distractors” Cause Distraction?

3 A Brief Case Study on Distraction

4 A Theory of Attention and Distractibility

5 Conclusions

References

Index

Contents of Previous Volumes


Description

Psychology of Learning and Motivation publishes empirical and theoretical contributions in cognitive and experimental psychology, ranging from classical and instrumental conditioning to complex learning and problem solving. Each chapter thoughtfully integrates the writings of leading contributors, who present and discuss significant bodies of research relevant to their discipline. Volume 59 includes chapters on such varied topics as pupillometric studies of face memory, self-organization of human interaction, and the role of relational competition in the comprehension of modifier-noun phrases and noun-noun compounds.

Key Features

  • Volume 59 of the highly regarded Psychology of Learning and Motivation series
  • An essential reference for researchers and academics in cognitive science
  • Relevant to both applied concerns and basic research

Readership

Researchers and students in cognitive psychology


Details

No. of pages:
352
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2013
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780124072053
Hardcover ISBN:
9780124071872

About the Serial Editors

Brian Ross Serial Editor

Brian H. Ross is a Professor of Psychology and of the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. His research areas have included problem solving, complex learning, categorization, reasoning, memory, and mathematical modeling. He has been funded by the National Science Foundation, the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, and the Institute of Education Sciences. Ross has been Editor-in-Chief of the journal Memory & Cognition, Chair of the Governing Board of the Psychonomic Society, and co-author of a textbook, Cognitive Psychology. He has held temporary leadership positions on the University of Illinois campus as Department Head of Psychology, Associate Dean of the Sciences, and Dean of Liberal Arts and Sciences. Ross has degrees from Brown University (B.S., Honors in Psychology), Rutgers University (M.S. in Mathematical Statistics), Yale University (M.S. in Psychology), and Stanford University (PhD.). Ross has been Editor of The Psychology of Learning and Motivation since 2000.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA