The Psychology of Efficient Thinking - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080125442, 9781483154473

The Psychology of Efficient Thinking

1st Edition

Authors: Zbigniew Pietrasiński
eBook ISBN: 9781483154473
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1969
Page Count: 214
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The Psychology of Efficient Thinking provides information concerning intellectual abilities and psychological principles of thinking that might be helpful in the solution of more complex problems encountered in the vocational field or in daily living. This book explores the ways and means of increasing the efficiency of thought. Organized into three parts encompassing six chapters, this book begins with an overview of the nature of intellect with special reference to intelligence and mental abilities. This text then examines the general field of mental development. Other chapters consider the application of intellect in such spheres as technical invention, problem solving, and general creativity. This book discusses as well the training of intellect, both by individual effort and at school. The final chapter deals with the continuous engagement in activities requiring thought, which is an essential condition for the improvement of intellectual skill. Psychologists, scientists, and teachers will find this book useful.

Table of Contents


Part One - The Nature of Intellect

Chapter I: The Intellectual Abilities

The Concept of Ability

The Meaning of Intelligence

The Primary Mental Abilities

Memory Factors

The Internal Structure of Mental Abilities

Levels of Intelligence

Mental Deficiency




Unintelligent Behavior

Intelligent Behavior

Superior Intelligence

Intelligence Level and Success in Life

The Determining Factors of Mental Development

The Dual Origin of Abilities

Chapter II: The Methods of Developing Mental Skills

The Concept of Mental Skills

The Significance of Mental Abilities

The Basic Features of Mental Skill

The Obstacles to an Improvement of Mental Culture

Final Comments

Part Two - The Intellect in Action

Chapter III: The Process of Problem Solving

The Principal Domain of Thinking

The Simplest Approach to Problem Solving

Phases of Problem Solving

The Art of Identifying Problems

Making Full Use of All the Data

Thought Processes in Problem Solving

The Dual Nature of Models

Choosing the Right Direction

The Positive and the Negative Effects of "Habit"

Functional Fixation

Factors Facilitating the Use of Experience

Factors Impairing the Use of Experience

Emotional Factors in Problem Solving

Scientific Techniques of Problem Solving

A Psychological Strategy of Problem Solving

The Most Suitable Technique

An Instructive Investigation

General Suggestions for a Strategy

Chapter IV: The Psychology of Creativity

What is Creativity?

Imagination and Thinking in Creativity

Is Creativity Governed by Any Rules?

The Principal Types of Creativity

The Psychology of Technical Invention

Inventor - The Unknown

The Process of Invention

The Principles of Invention

The Mistakes of Inventors

Group Techniques of Problem Solving

Some Remarks on the Process of Scientific Creation

Subjective Aspects of Creativity

Age and Creative Achievement

Part Three - The Training of the Intellect

Chapter V: On School Education

Present School Practice

Suggestions for the Effective Training of Mental Skills

Full-Scale Training Programs for the Improvement of Technical Thinking

Outdated School Procedures and Some Propositions

Chapter VI: Ways and Means of Intellectual Improvement

The Value of Intelligence

The Relative Merits of Thought Transfer

Some Essential Objectives

The Development of Efficiency in Perceiving the World around Us

The Concept of Perceptual Efficiency

The Conditions of Efficient Perceptual Skill

The Training of Efficient Perceptual Skills

What School Instruction Fails to Convey

What Biographies Can Teach Us?

An Effective Working Style



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© Pergamon 1969
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About the Author

Zbigniew Pietrasiński

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