The Production of Olefine-Containing and Fuel Gases - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080101682, 9781483185019

The Production of Olefine-Containing and Fuel Gases

1st Edition

Authors: Ya. M. Paushkin T. P. Vishnyakova
eBook ISBN: 9781483185019
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1964
Page Count: 260
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The Production of Olefin-Containing and Fuel Gases reviews the production processes of gasification of distillate and residual liquid fuels employed in France, Germany, UK, USA, and Russia. The monograph first offers information on the methods of chemical treatment of gases and products from the pyrolysis of crude oil and raw materials for the process of gasification. Discussions focus on the production of raw materials for oil-chemical synthesis and production of oil-chemical products.

The text then ponders on the theoretical presentation of high temperature pyrolysis of hydrocarbons and pyrolysis of hydrocarbon stock and resins. Topics include thermodynamic representation and mechanism of high temperature pyrolysis of hydrocarbons; methods for the calculation of the composition of a gas at equilibrium conditions; and dynamics of the change in composition of the reaction products in the gasification process.

The publication takes a look at contemporary installations for the gasification of liquid fuels, including the process of autothermic pyrolysis of hydrocarbons with air or steam-air blast and the processes of autothermic pyrolysis of crude petroleum in the presence of a catalyst.

The monograph is a dependable reference for chemical engineering students and plant engineers.

Table of Contents



Chapter I. Methods of Chemical Treatment of Gases and Products from the Pyrolysis of Crude Oil

The Production of Raw Materials for Oil-Chemical Synthesis

Hydrocarbon Gases and Hydrogen

Aromatic Hydrocarbons (Benzene, Toluene, Xylene)

Production of Oil-Chemical Products

The Production of Chlorine Derivatives

Alkylation of Benzene, its Homologues and the Chemical Treatment of Benzene Homologues

Synthetic Cleansing Materials (Detergents)

The Production of Plastics and Synthetic Rubber from Crude Oil

Manufacture of Alcohols from Crude Oils

The production of Sulfur, Sulphuric Acid and Ammonia from Crude Oil

Synthetic Ammonia


Chapter II. Raw Materials for the Process of Gasification


Chapter III. A Theoretical Presentation of the High Temperature Pyrolysis of Hydrocarbons

The Thermodynamic Representation and Mechanism of High Temperature Pyrolysis of Hydrocarbons

Calculation of the Rate of the Chemical Reactions of Continuous Flow Cracking

Methods for the Calculation of the Composition of a Gas at Equilibrium Conditions


Chapter IV. The Pyrolysis of Hydrocarbon Stock and Resins

Pyrolysis of Light Stock (Ethane, Propane, Butane and Gaseous Benzene)

Pyrolysis of Petroleum Distillate Fractions (Gas Oils)

The dynamics of the Change in Composition of the Reaction Products in the Gasification Process

Gasification of a n-Cetane Fraction

Gasification of α-Methyldecalin

Gasification of a 200-300°C Gas Oil Fraction

Gasification of Fuel Oils and Cracking-Residues

Pyrolysis of Shale Oil

Comparative Data Concerning the Pyrolysis of Petroleum and Shale Stocks


Chapter V. Contemporary Installations for the Gasification of Liquid Fuels

Gasification Installations for the Production of Illuminating and Power Gases

Processes for the Non-Catalytic Gasification of Crude Petroleum

The Pacific Coast Process

The Jones Process

The Hall Process

The Hall Process with Twin Generator

The Process of Autothermic Pyrolysis of Hydrocarbons with Air or Steam-Air Blast

Installations for the Autothermic Pyrolysis of Light Hydrocarbons

The Dayton-Faber Process

The Koppers-Hasche Process

The GEIM Process

The Otto Company Process

The Processes of Catalytic Gasification

The Processes of Autothermic Pyrolysis of Crude Petroleum in the Presence of a Catalyst

The SEGAS Process

The ONIA-GEGI Process

The ONIA-GEGI-DEMAG Process (Germany)

Gasification Installations for the Preparation of Hydrogen

The Texaco Process

The Iron-Steam Method

The Otto Process

Installations for the Production of Synthesis Gas

The Hercules Powder Process

Operating Conditions

The ONIA Process

The Standard Oil Process

The Carburation of Water Gas by Gases Obtained from Fuel Oils

Gasification Installations for the Production of Olefine-Containing Gases (Ethylene, Propylene)

The Catarole Process

The Hall Process

The Semi-Continuous Process in Tubular Reactors

The cyclic Process (ONIA-GEGI)

The Thermofor Process

The Ruhrgas Process

The Process of Contact Pyrolysis of Petroleum Residues




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© Pergamon 1964
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About the Author

Ya. M. Paushkin

T. P. Vishnyakova

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