The Production of Olefine-Containing and Fuel Gases

The Production of Olefine-Containing and Fuel Gases

1st Edition - January 1, 1964

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  • Authors: Ya. M. Paushkin, T. P. Vishnyakova
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483185019

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Description

The Production of Olefin-Containing and Fuel Gases reviews the production processes of gasification of distillate and residual liquid fuels employed in France, Germany, UK, USA, and Russia. The monograph first offers information on the methods of chemical treatment of gases and products from the pyrolysis of crude oil and raw materials for the process of gasification. Discussions focus on the production of raw materials for oil-chemical synthesis and production of oil-chemical products. The text then ponders on the theoretical presentation of high temperature pyrolysis of hydrocarbons and pyrolysis of hydrocarbon stock and resins. Topics include thermodynamic representation and mechanism of high temperature pyrolysis of hydrocarbons; methods for the calculation of the composition of a gas at equilibrium conditions; and dynamics of the change in composition of the reaction products in the gasification process. The publication takes a look at contemporary installations for the gasification of liquid fuels, including the process of autothermic pyrolysis of hydrocarbons with air or steam-air blast and the processes of autothermic pyrolysis of crude petroleum in the presence of a catalyst. The monograph is a dependable reference for chemical engineering students and plant engineers.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Introduction

    Chapter I. Methods of Chemical Treatment of Gases and Products from the Pyrolysis of Crude Oil

    The Production of Raw Materials for Oil-Chemical Synthesis

    Hydrocarbon Gases and Hydrogen

    Aromatic Hydrocarbons (Benzene, Toluene, Xylene)

    Production of Oil-Chemical Products

    The Production of Chlorine Derivatives

    Alkylation of Benzene, its Homologues and the Chemical Treatment of Benzene Homologues

    Synthetic Cleansing Materials (Detergents)

    The Production of Plastics and Synthetic Rubber from Crude Oil

    Manufacture of Alcohols from Crude Oils

    The production of Sulfur, Sulphuric Acid and Ammonia from Crude Oil

    Synthetic Ammonia

    References

    Chapter II. Raw Materials for the Process of Gasification

    References

    Chapter III. A Theoretical Presentation of the High Temperature Pyrolysis of Hydrocarbons

    The Thermodynamic Representation and Mechanism of High Temperature Pyrolysis of Hydrocarbons

    Calculation of the Rate of the Chemical Reactions of Continuous Flow Cracking

    Methods for the Calculation of the Composition of a Gas at Equilibrium Conditions

    References

    Chapter IV. The Pyrolysis of Hydrocarbon Stock and Resins

    Pyrolysis of Light Stock (Ethane, Propane, Butane and Gaseous Benzene)

    Pyrolysis of Petroleum Distillate Fractions (Gas Oils)

    The dynamics of the Change in Composition of the Reaction Products in the Gasification Process

    Gasification of a n-Cetane Fraction

    Gasification of α-Methyldecalin

    Gasification of a 200-300°C Gas Oil Fraction

    Gasification of Fuel Oils and Cracking-Residues

    Pyrolysis of Shale Oil

    Comparative Data Concerning the Pyrolysis of Petroleum and Shale Stocks

    References

    Chapter V. Contemporary Installations for the Gasification of Liquid Fuels

    Gasification Installations for the Production of Illuminating and Power Gases

    Processes for the Non-Catalytic Gasification of Crude Petroleum

    The Pacific Coast Process

    The Jones Process

    The Hall Process

    The Hall Process with Twin Generator

    The Process of Autothermic Pyrolysis of Hydrocarbons with Air or Steam-Air Blast

    Installations for the Autothermic Pyrolysis of Light Hydrocarbons

    The Dayton-Faber Process

    The Koppers-Hasche Process

    The GEIM Process

    The Otto Company Process

    The Processes of Catalytic Gasification

    The Processes of Autothermic Pyrolysis of Crude Petroleum in the Presence of a Catalyst

    The SEGAS Process

    The ONIA-GEGI Process

    The ONIA-GEGI-DEMAG Process (Germany)

    Gasification Installations for the Preparation of Hydrogen

    The Texaco Process

    The Iron-Steam Method

    The Otto Process

    Installations for the Production of Synthesis Gas

    The Hercules Powder Process

    Operating Conditions

    The ONIA Process

    The Standard Oil Process

    The Carburation of Water Gas by Gases Obtained from Fuel Oils

    Gasification Installations for the Production of Olefine-Containing Gases (Ethylene, Propylene)

    The Catarole Process

    The Hall Process

    The Semi-Continuous Process in Tubular Reactors

    The cyclic Process (ONIA-GEGI)

    The Thermofor Process

    The Ruhrgas Process

    The Process of Contact Pyrolysis of Petroleum Residues

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 260
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1964
  • Published: January 1, 1964
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483185019

About the Authors

Ya. M. Paushkin

T. P. Vishnyakova

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