The Process of Stratification

The Process of Stratification

Trends and Analyses

1st Edition - January 28, 1977

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  • Authors: Robert M. Hauser, David L. Featherman
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483263250

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Description

The Process of Stratification: Trends and Analyses discusses the conceptual scheme developed by Blau and Duncan. The book elaborates Blau and Duncan's description and analysis of socioencomic inequality, stratification, and inequality of opportunity in American society during the early 1960s. The authors review the assumptions and methods; they point to a different direction from the widely held assumption that occupational socioeconomic status is the primary determinant to mobility. They also use the Alphabetical Index as the basis for better collection method on data relating to occupation, industry and class of worker. As regards occupational mobility, the authors note that such mobility is limited by the depletion of occupational groups that higher-status occupations have sourced from. They also point that American society is homogenous in the sense of the determinants of socioeconomic achievements can exert influence. The authors then discuss an exercise in theory construction of intergenerational transmission of income. They conclude that income mobility is similar to occupational or educational mobility; to be more precise, they note that empirical evidence should be gathered. This book can prove useful for economists, sociologists, policy makers, as well as academicians involved in societal studies.

Table of Contents


  • List of Figures

    List of Tables

    Preface

    Acknowledgments

    I Assumptions and Methods

    1 Commonalities in Social Stratification and Assumptions about Status Mobility in the United States

    What Do Prestige Scales Scale?

    Bases and Amount of Occupational Mobility: Two Case Studies

    The Process of Status Allocation in Two Societies

    Artifactual or Real Differences between Prestige and Socioeconomic Scores?

    The Common Basis of Mobility in Australia and the United States

    Conclusions

    2 The Measurement of Occupation in Social Surveys

    Socioeconomic and Prestige Scales of Occupational Status

    Requisite Occupation Information

    Errors in Occupation Reports

    Summary

    A Manual for Coding Survey Information about Occupations

    II Trends in Mobility and Achievement

    3 Trends in the Occupational Mobility of U.S. Men, 1962-1972

    Method

    Net Intercohort Shifts, 1961-1970

    Components of Intercohort Shifts

    Long-Term Trends

    Summary

    4 Trends in Occupational Mobility by Sex and Race in the United States, 1962-1972

    Coverage of Population

    Net Intercohort Shifts, 1962-1972

    Components of Intercohort Shifts

    Sex Differentials in Net Shifts

    Sexual Patterns of Role Allocation

    Racial Inequality among Women

    5 Socioeconomic Achievements of American Men, 1962-1972

    Data and Methods

    A Model of Socioeconomic Achievement

    Intercohort Shifts in Background and Achievement

    Interpretation of Intercohort Shifts

    Racial Differentials in Achievement

    Discussion

    6 Temporal Change in Occupational Mobility: Evidence for Men in the United States

    A Multiplicative Model

    1962 OCG: Mobility to First Job

    Five National Surveys: 1947 to 1972

    Indianapolis: 1910 and 1940

    Other Data on Mobility Trends

    Discussion

    7 Structural Changes in Occupational Mobility among Men in the United States

    Technique of Proportional Adjustment

    Shifts in Cohort Distributions

    Trends in Gross Mobility

    Indexing Trend in Mobility

    Discussion

    III Studies in Status Allocation

    8 Sex in the Structure of Occupational Mobility in the United States, 1962

    Structural Equation Models of Sexual Stratification

    Social Mobility through Marital Mobility

    Sexual Patterns of Intergenerational Occupational Mobility

    Availability of Spouse Data in the OCG Survey

    Gross Differences in the Occupational Origins and Destinations of the Sexes

    Mobility Differentials Stemming from Occupational Distributions

    Testing Mobility Hypotheses

    Intergenerational Mobility by Sex and Age and by Sex and Race

    Discussion

    9 Situs and Status Dimensions of Occupational Stratification: An Examination of Interindustry and Interoccupation Mobility

    Situs and Status Distinguished

    Analytic Strategy and Subsampling

    Structure of Industrial Mobility

    Situs and Status as Correlated Dimensions of Mobility

    Summary and Conclusions

    10 Socioeconomic Achievements and City Size

    Theory and Past Research

    Estimating City Effects in Life Cycle Models of Achievement

    City Size and Occupational Achievement

    Variations in Income Attainments by City Size

    Racial Discrimination and City Size

    Conclusions and Discussion

    11 Intergenerational Transmission of Income: An Exercise in Theory Construction

    Data and Methods

    Model I: Direct Intergenerational Income Effects

    Model II: Direct and Indirect Income Effects

    Correcting for Random Measurement Error

    A Model Assuming High-Income Inheritance

    Conclusions

    Appendix A. 1970 Detailed Industry and Occupation Codes, U.S. Bureau of the Census

    Appendix B. Duncan Socioeconomic Index and Siegel Prestige Scores for 1970 Census Detailed Occupation Codes

    Appendix C. Regression Models of Socioeconomic Achievement for Men by Age and by Race, March 1962

    Appendix D. Supplementary Occupational Mobility Tables for Married Males and Females, March 1962

    Appendix E. Supplementary Industrial Mobility Tables for Men, March 1962

    Appendix F. A Sampling Design Factor for the 1962 "Occupational Changes in a Generation" Survey

    References

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 400
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1977
  • Published: January 28, 1977
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483263250

About the Authors

Robert M. Hauser

David L. Featherman

About the Editor

H. H. Winsborough

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