The Problems of Sulphur

The Problems of Sulphur

Reviews in Coal Science

1st Edition - January 10, 1988

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  • Author: Unknown Author
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483162089

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Description

The Problems of Sulphur discusses all aspects of the problems associated with sulfur in coal. The book is divided into three parts. Part 1 addresses the forms of sulfur in coal and evaluates processes directed at the chemical removal of sulphur. Part 2 expands on this to look at alternative means of removing sulfur both physically and biologically, sulfur removal during the combustion of coal and flue gas desulfurization processes. Part 3 looks at the role of sulphates in the atmosphere from the points of view of their formation, transport and deposition and of their effects on health, materials and the atmosphere. The book will be of value to engineers, environmentalists, and chemists.

Table of Contents


  • Part 1 Chemical Desulphurisation of Coal

    Summary

    1 Introduction

    2 Sulphur in Coal

    Pyritic Sulphur

    Organic Sulphur

    3 Requirements of Chemically Cleaned Coal

    4 Chemistry of Coal Cleaning

    Reactions of Pyritic Sulphur

    Reactions of Organic Sulphur

    5 Processes for the Chemical Cleaning of Coal

    Processes Based on the Oxidation of Sulphur

    Processes Based on the Displacement of Sulphur

    Other Processes

    6 Evaluation of Processes

    7 Current Research on Chemistry of Desulphurisation Reactions

    Oxidation Reactions

    Displacement Reactions

    8 Conclusions

    References

    Part 2 Control of Sulphur Oxides From Coal Combustion

    Summary

    9 Introduction

    10 The Occurrence of Sulphur

    11 Physical Desulphurisation of Coal

    Differences in Relative Densities

    Separation Using Surface Properties

    Separation Using Magnetic Properties

    12 Microbiological Desulphurisation of Coal

    13 Sulphur Removal During Combustion

    Selection and Utilisation of Sorbent

    Pretreatment of Limestone

    Operating Parameters

    Post-Sulphation Treatment

    14 Wet Scrubbing Flue Gas Desulphurisation Processes

    Non-Regenerable Processes

    Regenerable Processes

    15 Dry Flue Gas Desulphurisation Processes

    Dry Injection Processes

    Spray Dryer Processes

    Dry Adsorption

    16 Disposal of Flue Gas Desulphurisation Waste

    Direct Ponding

    Landfill of Untreated Sludge

    17 Conclusions

    References

    Part 3 Sulphates in the Atmosphere

    Summary

    Acronyms and Abbreviations

    18 Introduction

    19 The Sulphur Cycle

    Atmosphere

    Pedosphere

    Hydrosphere

    Lithosphere

    Man-Made Component

    Summary and Comments

    20 Atmospheric Chemistry of Sulphur

    Reduced Sulphur Compounds

    Gas Phase Oxidation of SO2

    Aqueous Phase Oxidation of SO2

    Gas/Particle Interactions

    Nucleation

    Particle Size

    Summary and Comments

    21 Sulphate Formation in Plumes

    Plume Dispersion

    Coal-Fired Power Plant Plumes

    Oil-Fired Power Plant Plumes

    Smelter Plumes

    Urban Plumes

    Particle Formation

    Summary and Comments

    22 Atmospheric Aerosol Concentration Patterns

    Summary and Comments

    23 Transport

    Mesoscale Transport

    Long-Range Transport

    Summary and Comments

    24 Deposition

    Dry Deposition

    Occult Deposition

    Wet Deposition Processes

    Precipitation Chemistry

    Summary and Comments

    25 Long-Range Transport and Deposition Models

    Statistical Trajectory Analyses

    Theoretical Models

    Contribution of Local Sources

    Summary and Comments

    26 Human Health

    Particle Deposition in the Respiratory Tract

    Animal Studies

    Human Clinical Studies

    Epidemiology

    Non-Respiratory Health Effects

    Summary and Comments

    27 Visibility

    Summary and Comments

    28 Climate

    Summary and Comments

    29 Materials

    Summary and Comments

    30 Conclusions

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 366
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1988
  • Published: January 10, 1988
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483162089

About the Author

Unknown Author

Dr. Sam Stuart is a physiotherapist and a research Fellow within the Balance Disorders Laboratory, OHSU. His work focuses on vision, cognition and gait in neurological disorders, examining how technology-based interventions influence these factors. He has published extensively in world leading clinical and engineering journals focusing on a broad range of activities such as real-world data analytics, algorithm development for wearable technology and provided expert opinion on technology for concussion assessment for robust player management. He is currently a guest editor for special issues (sports medicine and transcranial direct current stimulation for motor rehabilitation) within Physiological Measurement and Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation, respectively.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Research Fellow, Department of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation, Northumbria University, UK Honorary Physiotherapist, Northumbria Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust, North Shields, UK

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