The Plant Cell

The Plant Cell

A Comprehensive Treatise

1st Edition - August 28, 1980

Write a review

  • Editor: N. E. Tolbert
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483220314

Purchase options

Purchase options
DRM-free (PDF)
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out

Institutional Subscription

Free Global Shipping
No minimum order


The Biochemistry of Plants: A Comprehensive Treatise, Volume I: The Plant Cell serves as an introduction to the various parts of the cell and to the basic biochemistry carried out in the different subcellular components. The book discusses the parts of a cell and the biochemical processes, such as respiration involving the mitochondria, microbodies or cytosol, or photosynthesis in the chloroplasts. The text also describes the use of plant cell cultures in biochemistry; the primary cell walls of flowering plants; and the morphology, purification, chemical and enzymatic composition, and functions of the plasma membrane and the cytosol. The biochemistry of the developmental and genetic processes involved, the development of function, and the biochemistry and metabolism of the mature organelle are also considered. The book further tackles the biochemistry of the plant mitochondria, peroxisomes, glyoxysomes, endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes, golgi apparatus, plant nucleus, protein bodies, plant vacuoles, and cyanobacteria (blue-green algae). Biochemists, chemists, biologists, botanists, plant pathologists, and students taking related courses will find the book useful.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors

    General Preface

    Preface to Volume 1

    1 The General Cell

    I. Introduction

    II. The Plasma Membrane

    III. Microtubules

    IV. Plasmodesmata

    V. Cell Vacuoles

    VI. The Nucleus

    VII. The Cell Wall

    VIII. The Endomembrane System

    IX. Polyribosomes and Protein Synthesis

    X. Microbodies

    XI. Mitochondria

    XII. Plastids

    XIII. The Cytoplasmic Ground Substance


    2 Use of Plant Cell Cultures in Biochemistry

    I. Introduction

    II. Choice of Experimental Organism

    III. Regulation of Development and Metabolism

    IV. Autotrophy by Plant Cells in Culture

    V. Uptake and Transport Studies

    VI. Isolation and Characterization of Organelles from Plant Cells in Culture

    VII. Plant Cells and Protoplasts as Genetic Systems

    VIII. Concluding Remarks


    3 The Primary Cell Walls of Flowering Plants

    I. Introduction

    II. The Sugar Nomenclature and Abbreviations Used

    III. Methods Used in the Structural Analysis of Cell Wall Polysaccharides

    IV. The Pectic Polysaccharides

    V. The Hemicelluloses

    VI. Noncellulosic Glucan

    VII. Cellulose

    VIII. Cell Wall Protein

    IX. Interconnections between the Primary Cell Wall Polymers

    X. Are the Primary Cell Walls of Different Plants Structurally Related?

    XI. Biosynthesis of Primary Cell Wall Polymers

    XII. The Future of Primary Cell Wall Research


    4 The Plasma Membrane

    I. Introduction

    II. Moφhology as Distinguished with the Electron Microscope

    III. Purification of the Plasma Membrane

    IV. Chemical Composition of the Plasma Membrane

    V. Enzymatic Composition of the Plasma Membrane

    VI. Functions

    VII. Conclusions


    5 The Cytosol

    I. Introduction

    II. Definition and Structure

    III. Carbon Metabolism

    IV. Nitrogen Metabolism

    V. Phosphate Metabolism

    VI. Concluding Remarks


    6 Development, Inheritance, and Evolution of Plastids and Mitochondria

    I. Introduction

    II. Organelle Development and Inheritance

    III. Origin of the Biochemical Building Blocks for Organelle Development

    IV. Origin of the Genetic Information for Organelle Development

    V. Coordination of Organelle Development through Induction by Light and Other Substrates

    VI. Origin of Present Interrelationships among Organelles during Evolution


    7 Biochemistry of the Chloroplast

    I. Introduction

    II. Moφhology of Higher Plant Chloroplasts

    III. Fundamental Energy Processes in Photosynthesis

    IV. Carbon Metabolism in the Chloroplast

    V. Energetics and Shuttle Mechanisms of the Chloroplast

    VI. Storage of Energy by Starch Accumulation

    VII. Assimilation of Nitrogen

    VIII. Sulfate Reduction

    IX. Metabolism of Lipids

    X. Protein Synthesis in the Chloroplast


    8 Plant Mitochondria

    I. Introduction

    II. Occurrence, Form, and Development

    III. Structure and Composition

    IV. Enzymes and Enzymatic Activities

    V. Cellular and Physiological Interactions


    9 Microbodies—Peroxisomes and Glyoxysomes

    I. Introduction

    II. Moφhologίcal Detection and Description

    III. Isolation Procedures

    IV. Enzymes in Microbodies—Catalase

    V. Metabolic Pathways in Leaf Peroxisomes

    VI. Metabolic Pathways in Glyoxysomes

    VII. Other Enzymes in Microbodies

    VIII. Microbody Membranes and Transport

    IX. Distribution of Microbodies in Plant Tissues

    X. Development and Biogenesis of Peroxisomes and Glyoxysomes

    XI. Function


    10 The Endoplasmic Reticulum

    I. Structure, Isolation, and Composition of the ER

    II. Biogenesis and Degradation

    III. Role of the ER in the Biogenesis of Cytoplasmic Organelles

    IV. Role of the ER in the Biosynthesis and Secretion of Extracellular Molecules

    V. Other Biosynthetic and Regulatory Functions of the ER

    VI. Conclusion


    11 Ribosomes

    I. Introduction

    II. Ribosome Structure and Biogenesis

    III. Polyribosomes

    12 The Golgi Apparatus

    I. Introduction

    II. Definition

    III. Association with Other Cell Components: The Endomembrane Concept

    IV. Biochemistry of Plant Golgi Apparatus

    V. Cytochemistry of Plant Golgi Apparatus

    VI. Role in Secretion

    VII. Role in Membrane Differentiation

    VIII. Role in Membrane Flow

    IX. Physiology of the Plant Golgi Apparatus

    X. Golgi Apparatus Multiplication

    XI. Concluding Comments


    13 The Plant Nucleus

    I. Introduction

    II. The Nucleus at Inteφhase

    III. Structure and Functional Aspects of Inteφhase Chromatin

    IV. Dynamic Aspects of Chromosomes during Division and Meiosis

    V. Dynamic Aspects of Chromosomes in Differentiation

    VI. The Nucleolus

    VII. The Nuclear Envelope and Nuclear Pore Complexes


    14 Protein Bodies

    I. Introduction

    II. Protein Body Structure

    III. Protein Body Composition

    IV. Changes in Protein Bodies during Germination and Early Seedling Growth

    V. Development of Seed Protein Bodies

    VI. Problems Encountered in Studies of Protein Bodies

    VII. Future Research

    15 Plant Vacuoles

    I. Introduction

    II. The Lysosome Concept

    III. Vacuole Development

    IV. Vacuole Function

    V. Appendix: Methods for Isolating Vacuoles and Tonoplasts

    VI. Conclusions


    16 Cyanobacteria (Blue-Green Algae)

    I. Introduction

    II. Cytological Chemistry

    III. Metabolism

    IV. Genetics

    V. Viruses

    VI. Movement

    VII. Culture

    VIII. Regulation

    IX. Development

    X. Evolution



    Contents of Other Volumes

Product details

  • No. of pages: 722
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1980
  • Published: August 28, 1980
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483220314

About the Editor

N. E. Tolbert

Ratings and Reviews

Write a review

There are currently no reviews for "The Plant Cell"