The Physiology of Fishes

The Physiology of Fishes


1st Edition - January 1, 1957

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  • Editor: Margaret E. Brown
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483262314

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The Physiology of Fishes, Volume I focuses on authoritative reviews of the state of knowledge of the various aspects of fish physiology. The selection first offers information on aquatic respiration of fish and cardiovascular systems. Topics include respiration system, metabolic rate, air-breathing organs, relative dimensions of the cardiovascular system, and reaction of piscine circulation to hormones and drugs. The text then elaborates on the alimentary canal and digestion, including esophagus, stomach, intestine, rectum, gastric digestion, and control of digestive functions. The book examines excretion and osmoregulation and the skin and scales, as well as stenohaline and anadromous fishes, skin, and scales. The publication also underscores endocrine organs, gonads and reproduction, and early development and hatching. The selection is a dependable reference for general zoologists and comparative physiologists.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors to Volume I


    Contents of Volume II

    Chapter I Respiration

    Part 1. The Aquatic Respiration of Fish

    I. Introduction

    II. The Respiratory System

    III. The Metabolic Rate


    Part 2. Air Breathing

    I. Introduction

    II. Occurrence

    III. Air-Breathing Organs

    IV. Physiology


    Chapter II The Cardiovascular System

    I. Fragmentary Nature of the Available Information

    II. Anatomy

    III. Relative Dimensions of the Cardiovascular System

    IV. The Myocardium

    V. Hemodynamics

    VI. The Circulatory System and Oxygen Transport

    VII. The Influence of Environmental Factors

    VIII. Nervous Control of the Circulation

    IX. The Reaction of the Piscine Circulation to Some Hormones and Drugs

    X. The Lymph System


    Chapter III The Alimentary Canal and Digestion

    I. General Organization of the Digestive System

    II. Buccal Cavity and Pharynx

    III. Esophagus

    IV. Stomach

    V. Intestine (Mid-Gut)

    VI. Rectum (Hind-Gut)

    VII. Gastric Digestion

    VIII. Intestinal Digestion

    IX. Adaptations of Enzymes to Diet

    X. Absorption

    XI. The Control of Digestive Functions


    Chapter IV Excretion and Osmoregulation

    I. Introduction

    II. Stenohaline Fishes

    III. Anadromous Fishes (Salmon and Lamprey)

    IV. Catadromous Fishes (Eel)

    V. Euryhaline Teleost Fishes

    VI. Concluding Remarks


    Chapter V The Skin and Scales

    I. The Skin

    II. Scales

    Selected Bibliography

    Chapter VI Endocrine Organs

    I. Introduction

    II. Anatomical Relations and Generalized Statement of Function

    III. Growth, Development, and Metamorphosis

    IV. Metabolism

    V. Reproduction

    VI. Seasonal Cycles of Endocrine Activity


    Chapter VII The Gonads and Reproduction

    I. Introduction

    II. Structural Relationships

    HI. Physiology of the Prespawning Fish

    IV. Fertilization

    V. Gestation


    Chapter VIII Early Development and Hatching

    I. Introduction

    II. The Fish Egg

    III. The Effects of Environmental Conditions upon Development

    IV. The Metabolism of the Egg and Alevin

    V. Developmental Mechanics of the Fish Egg

    VI. Hatching


    Chapter IX Experimental Studies on Growth

    I. Introduction

    II. Theoretical Considerations

    III. The Size Hierarchy Effect

    IV. Effects of Parental Factors on Growth

    V. Growth Cycles and Changes in Growth Rate with Age

    VI. The Relation between Food and Growth

    VII. The Effects of Environmental Factors on Growth

    VIII. Growth Hormones

    IX. Pond Culture


    Chapter X The Biochemical Composition of Fish

    I. Introduction

    II. Reliability of Methods

    III. Factors Affecting Composition

    IV. Nature and Amount of Fish Constituents

    V. Composition and Function

    VI. General Conclusions

    VII. The Constituents of Fish


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 462
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1957
  • Published: January 1, 1957
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483262314

About the Editor

Margaret E. Brown

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