The Physical Oceanography of the Arctic Mediterranean Sea

The Physical Oceanography of the Arctic Mediterranean Sea

Explorations, Observations, Interpretations

1st Edition - September 19, 2021

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  • Author: Bert Rudels
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128169315
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128169308

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The Physical Oceanography of the Arctic Mediterranean Sea describes the circulation and the processes in the Arctic Mediterranean, how our present knowledge has developed, and presents recent changes caused by a gradually warmer global climate.The Arctic Mediterranean Sea has been intensively studied in recent years, especially during the fourth International Polar Year, 2007–09, and we have become increasingly aware of the changes presently taking place. This book collects and presents newly acquired knowledge and sets it in perspective to previous studies. Authored by a world-renowned leader in the field, this book explores the role of this small but important sea in the global oceanic circulation and climate—a must-read for researchers and students in the fields of oceanography and climate science.

Key Features

  • Relates observed features to active processes and provides sufficient background information to understand the theoretical explanations
  • Presents the Arctic Mediterranean Sea in the context of global ocean circulation and climate
  • Presents a modern, comprehensive, and coherent treatment of Arctic (and subarctic) physical oceanography


Polar oceanographers, climate scientists, and atmospheric scientists; Undergraduate and PhD students, researchers, professors and other university teachers of climate and sea ice

Table of Contents

  • 1. From Nifelheim to Fram
    2. The Arctic environment
    3. Observing the Arctic Mediterranean Sea
    4. External forcing and local response
    5. The circulation and transformations of Atlantic water in the Arctic Mediterranean Sea
    6. The presence and importance of internal mixing processes in the Arctic Ocean
    7. Observed, computed, and deduced transports through the main gateways
    8. Theoretical descriptions and modeling of the Arctic Mediterranean Sea
    9. Variability and change
    10. The meridional overturning circulation and the impact of the Arctic Mediterranean on the world ocean

Product details

  • No. of pages: 536
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2021
  • Published: September 19, 2021
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128169315
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128169308

About the Author

Bert Rudels

Bert Rudels received his PhD in oceanography at Gothenburg University, Sweden, and has worked at the Norwegian Polar Institute in Oslo, Norway, and at the Oceanographic Institution at the University of Hamburg, Germany. He began working at the Finnish Marine Institute in Helsinki, Finland, in 1997, and in 2008 he became a professor of Geophysics at the University of Helsinki. He currently works at the Finnish Meteorological Institute. He received the Nansen Medal of the European Geophysical Union in 2011. Dr. Rudels is currently a research professor (Emeritus) at the Finnish Meteorological Institute.

Affiliations and Expertise

Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland

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