The Physical Metallurgy of Fracture - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080221380, 9781483150802

The Physical Metallurgy of Fracture

1st Edition

Fourth International Conference on Fracture, June 1977, University of Waterloo, Canada

Editors: D.M.R. Taplin
eBook ISBN: 9781483150802
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1978
Page Count: 720
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Advances in Research on the Strength and Fracture of Materials: Volume 2As—The Physical Metallurgy of Fracture contains the proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Fracture, held at the University of Waterloo, Canada, in June 1977. The papers review the state of the art with respect to the physical metallurgy of fracture in a wide range of materials such as metals, alloys, and structural steels.
This volume is comprised of 85 chapters and opens by discussing the effect of grain size on the fracture of steel, aluminum alloys, and other materials. The influence of Mn additions on the fracture behavior of an Al-Mg-Si alloy is also considered, along with crack propagation in austenitic sheets. The next sections focus on the effect of phase transformation on the tensile fracture of austenitic stainless steel; atomistic simulation of the ductile/brittle transition; the effect of microstructure on fracture of a high toughness titanium alloy; and the effect of metallurgy on stress corrosion cracking and hydrogen embrittlement of ultra high strength steels. The remaining chapters are devoted to creep in materials such as Cr-Mo-V steels and titanium alloys. This monograph will be a useful resource for metallurgists, materials scientists, and structural and mechanical engineers.

Table of Contents






Conversion Units

Part I. Physical Metallurgy

Session 1 — Grain Size and Precipitates

1 Effect of Prior Austenite Grain Size on the Fracture Toughness Properties of A533 Steel

2 Influence of Grain Size on the Fracture of Aluminum Alloys

3 Influence of Precracking and Grain Size on Fracture Toughness of Structural Steels

4 An Effect of the Combined Micro-Structural Size on the Tensile Fracture Strength of Two Phase Carbon Steel

5 Effective Grain Size for Cleavage Fracture in Pearlitic Eutectoid Steel

6 Observations on the Effect of Cementite Particles on the Fracture of Spheroidized Carbon Steels

7 Influence of Grain Size and Thickness of Precipitations on the Brittle Fracture of Structural Steels

8 Correlations between Crack Initiation, Propagation and Microstructure in a Medium Strength Cr-Mo-V Steel

9 The Influence of a Fine-Scale Precipitate Dispersion on Cleavage Fracture in Low Alloy Steels

10 Correlations Between Fracture Toughness, Tensile Properties, Fracture Surface Morphology and Microstructure of a High-Strength Steel

11 Microstructure, Plastic Zone Size, and Crack Propagation in Ni Steels

Session 2 — Microstructures

1 The Influence of Mn Additions on the Fracture Behavior of an Al-Mg-Si Alloy

2 Temperature Dependence of the Impact Properties of Some Aluminum Alloys Containing Low Melting Point Inclusions

3 Influence of TMT on Fracture Properties of Aluminum Alloys

4 Effect of TMT on the Toughness and Fracture Characteristics of Two Fe-Mn-Ni Alloys

5 On the Mechanism of Low Temperature Intergranular Fracture

6 The Role of Texture on Prestrain Embrittlement in Armco Iron

7 Crack Propagation in Austenitic Sheets

8 The Effect of Phase Transformation on the Tensile Fracture of Austenitic Stainless Steel

9 Effect of Tempering Treatments on the Fracture Behavior of a Cr-Mo-V Pressure Vessel Steel

10 Microscopic Inhomogeneity of Plastic Strain and Crack Propagation in Alloys

Session 3 - Brittle Fracture

1 Atomistic Simulation of the Ductile/Brittle Transition

2 Intermediate Fracture Stress and Fracture Initiation Mode Transitions in the Brittle Fracture of Structural Steels

3 Brittle Fracture Initiation Characteristics under Bi-Axial Loading

4 Assessment of Flaws in Components of Structures with Regard to Failure on the Basis of a Hypothesis for Cleavage Fracture

5 The Effect of Microstructure on Fracture of a New High Toughness Titanium Alloy

6 Tensile Yield and Fracture Behavior of Beta-III Titanium

7 On the Fracture Toughness of WC-Co Cemented Carbides

8 Precision Matching of Mating Fracture Surfaces of WC-Co Alloys

9 Fracture of WC-Co Hard Metals

Session 4 — Hydrogen, Environmental and Temper Embrittlement

1 Hydrogen Effects on Fracture of PH 13-8 Mo Steel

2 Hydrogen and Plastic Instability in Deformed, Spheroidized 1090 Steel

3 The Role of Plastic Fracture Processes in Hydrogen Embrittlement

4 Effect of Metallurgy on Stress Corrosion Cracking and Hydrogen Embrittlement of Ultra High Strength Steels

5 Gaseous Oxygen and Hydrogen Embrittlements of a U-10 Mo Alloy

6 Effects of Overload on Hydrogen Sulphide Cracking

7 Toughness Variations During the Tempering of a Plain Carbon, Martensitic Steel

8 Effects of Nickel and Antimony on Temper Embrittlement in Alloy Steels

9 An Isothermal Embrittlement Study of a Commercial 4%Ni l%Cr Steel

10 Short Rod KIC Tests of Several Steels at Temperatures to 700K

11 The Effect of Environment on Crack Growth in a Stainless Maraging Alloy

12 Fractographic Observations on Stress Corrosion Cracking of Some Face-Centered Cubic Alloys

13 The Liquid Metal Embrittlement of Zinc and Aluminum

Part II. Voids, Cavities, Forming

Session 1 — Ductile

1 Nuclei for Ductile Fracture in Titanium

2 Plastic Deformation in the Neck of α-Fe Single Crystals Leading to Fracture

3 Porous Rigid Plastic Materials Containing Rigid Inclusions; Yield Function, Plastic Potential and Void Nucleation

4 The Initiation of Cleavage by Ductile Tearing

5 Ductile Failure Criteria for Blunting Cracks

6 The Ductile Fracture Mechanism in Rare-Earth-Treated HSLA Steels

7 Ductile Fracture of Ti-5Al-2.5 Sn at Low Temperatures

8 Effects of Size of Non-Metallic Inclusions on the Ductile Fracture Behavior of Pure Iron

9 Ductile Fracture Initiation and Propagation in Ferritic S.G. Cast Iron

10 Void Growth and Localization of Shear in Plane Strain Tension

11 Necking of Elastic-Plastic Cylinders Under Uniaxial Tension

Session 2 — Forming

1 Fracture Initiation under Metal-Working Conditions

2 Fracture Initiation and Propagation during Strip Drawing

3 Chevron Fracture in Tube Reduction by Spinning

4 An Approach to a Ductility Criterion

5 A Micro-Probabilistic Approach to the Ductile Deformation and Fracture of Metals — 1. Preliminary Investigation

6 Structural Damage in Sheet Metal Forming

7 An Evaluation of the Applicability of Theoretical Analysis to the Forming Limit Diagram

8 Fracture in Textured Thin Brass Specimens

9 Correlation Between Sheet Metal Texture and Drawability for Alpha Brass

10 Anisotropic Bend Ductility in Single Phase Copper Alloys

11 A Ductile Fracture Criterion for Metals

12 Impaired Ductility in Sheared Edges of HSLA Plates

Session 3 - Creep A

1 Creep Damage and Rupture Criteria

2 Ductility and Fracture in a Superplastic Alloy

3 Factors Affecting Cavitation during Superplastic Flow

4 Fracture During Superplastic Flow of Industrial Al-Mg Alloys

5 Dynamically Loaded Cracks in Strain Rate Sensitive Materials

6 Elevated Temperature Tensile Minima in Types 304 and 316 Stainless Steel

7 Hot Ductility and Fracture Mechanisms in a Duplex Stainless Steel

8 High Temperature Properties and Fracture of 340 Alloy Steel

9 Fracture Behavior and Tensile Properties of Titanium Alloys at Elevated Temperatures

Session 4 — Creep B

1 Stress Concentrations Caused by Grain Boundary Sliding in Metals Undergoing Power-Law Creep

2 Experimental Fracture Mechanism Map for Thoria Dispersion Strengthened Nickel

3 Mechanisms of Gas Bubble Embrittlement of Metals

4 Intergranular Creep Fracture in Nimonic 80A under Conditions of Constant Cavity Density

5 A Comparison of Methods of Correlating Creep Crack Growth

6 Mechanisms of Improved Creep Rupture Lives by Re-Heat Treatments

7 The Effect of Temperature on Creep Crack Growth in a 1/2%Cr 1/2%Mo 1/4%V Steel

8 Crack Growth in Pressure Vessels under Creep Conditions

9 Micro-Structural Effects on the Creep Fracture of 1/2CrMoV Steel

10 The Mechanism of Stress Relief Cracking in Cr-Mo-V Steels

Author Index


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© Pergamon 1978
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About the Editor

D.M.R. Taplin

Affiliations and Expertise

Trinity College, University of Dublin, Dublin, Eire

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