The Photosynthetic Apparatus: Molecular Biology and Operation

The Photosynthetic Apparatus: Molecular Biology and Operation

Cell Culture and Somatic Cell Genetics of Plants

1st Edition - July 28, 1991

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  • Editor: Lawrence Bogorad
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323147231

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The Photosynthetic Apparatus: Molecular Biology and Operation: Cell Culture and Somatic Cell Genetics of Plants, Volume 7B is a collection of papers that discuss plastids – organelles found in plants that set them apart from other organisms. The book is divided into two parts. Coverage of Part I includes concepts such as photosynthesis and the photosynthetic apparatus - light energy and photosynthetic electronic transport, photosynthetic phosphorylation, and fractionation of the photosynthetic apparatus; photosystem II – its protein components, genetic aspects, and structure and function; the cytochrome b6/f complex; and the structure and function of coupling factor components. Coverage of Part II includes the biochemistry and molecular biology of chlorophyll; genes and enzymes for carotenoid biosynthesis; photoregulated development of chloroplasts; and the differentiation of amyloplasts and chromoplasts. The text is recommended for botanists, molecular biologists, and biochemists who are interested in the study of plant cells and photosynthesis.

Table of Contents

  • Contents


    General Preface


    Contents of Previous Volumes

    Part I

    1 An Introduction to Photosynthesis and the Photosynthetic Apparatus

    I. Introduction

    II. The Path of Carbon—Photosynthetic Carbon Reduction

    III. Light Energy and Photosynthetic Electron Transport

    IV. Chloroplast Isolation and Structure

    V Biophysics and More Biochemistry

    VI. Photosynthetic Phosphorylation

    VII. Fractionation of the Photosynthetic Apparatus

    VIII. Photosynthetic Electron Transport is Vectorial

    IX. Summary to the Mid-1970s

    X. A Current View of the Photosynthetic Apparatus for Oxygenic Photosynthesis


    2 Photosystem II

    I. Introduction

    II. PS II Protein Components

    III. Genetic Aspects of PS II

    IV. PS II Structure and Function

    V Light-Harvesting Components

    VI. Genetic Modification


    3 Regulated Development of the Photosynthetic Apparatus in Anoxygenic Bacteria

    I. Introduction

    II. Composition and Organization of the Bacterial Photosynthetic Apparatus

    III. Formation of an Electrochemical Gradient of Protons

    IV Photosynthetic Genes

    V Assembly Process of the Photosynthetic Apparatus and Development of the Membrane System


    4 The Cytochrome b6/f Complex

    I. Introduction

    II. Topography of the Subunits in the Membrane Bilayer

    III. Function of bblf Complex in Electron Transport and H+ Translocation


    5 Photosystem I

    I. Introduction

    II. Electron Transfer in PS I

    III. Composition and Structure

    IV Genes Encoding PS I Subunits

    V Biogenesis

    VI. The LHC of PS I

    VII. Evolution

    VIII. Conclusion


    6 Coupling Factor Components: Structure and Function

    I. General Nature of CFoCF1

    II. Evolution of CF1/CFo Subunits

    III. Biochemical Context

    IV Structure, Molecular Genetics, and Function of Individual Subunits

    V Subunit Interactions: The Integrated Functions

    VI. Summary


    Part II

    7 Cyanobacterial Phycobilisomes: Progress Toward Complete Structural and Functional Analysis via Molecular Genetics

    I. Introduction

    II. PBPs and PBsomes

    III. PBsomes in Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002

    IV Organization and Transcription of Genes Encoding PBsome Components in Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002

    V Organization and Transcription of Genes Encoding PBsome Components in Other Cyanobacteria

    VI. Mutational Analyses of Genes Encoding Peripheral Rod Components of PBsomes of Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002

    VII. Mutational Analyses of Genes Encoding Core Components of PBsomes of Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002

    VIII. Effects of Nutrient Availability and Light Intensity on PBP Gene Expression in Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002


    8 Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Chlorophyll Synthesis

    I. Introduction

    II. Formation of δ-Aminolevulinate

    III. δ-Aminolevulinate Dehydratase (Porphobilinogen Synthase)

    IV. Porphobilinogen Deaminase and Uroporphyrinogen III Synthase

    V Urogen III Decarboxylase and Coprogen Oxidase

    VI. Protogen Oxidase

    VII. Magnesium Chelatase

    VIII. S-Adenosylmethionine: Mg-Protoporphyrin O-Methylatransferase

    IX. Mg-Protoporphyrin IX Monomethyl Ester Cyclase

    X. Vinyl Reductase

    XL Protochlorophyllide Reductase

    XII. Formation of Chlorophyll a from Chlorophyllide a: Chlorophyll Synthetase

    XIII. Chlorophyll b Synthesis

    XIV Regulatory Aspects of Chlorophyll Biosynthesis


    9 Genes and Enzymes for Carotenoid Biosynthesis

    I. Introduction

    II. Biosynthetic Pathway and Its Enzymes

    III. ABA Biosynthesis

    IV. Structural Roles

    V. Concluding Remarks


    10 RuBisCO: Genes, Structure, Assembly, and Evolution

    I. Introduction

    II. RuBisCO Genes and Their Expression

    III. Structure of RuBisCO

    IV. Assembly of RuBisCO

    V. Evolution of RuBisCO


    11 Photoregulated Development of Chloroplasts

    I. Introduction

    II. Routes of Chloroplast Development

    III. Gene Expression during Chloroplast Development

    IV. Photoreceptors and Signal-Response Chain(s)

    V. Chloroplast Differentiation in C4 Plants

    VI. Prospects and Conclusions


    12 Differentiation of Amyloplasts and Chromoplasts

    I. Introduction

    II. Characteristics of Amyloplasts and Chromoplasts

    III. Expression of Genes for Nonphotosynthetic Plastid Formation

    IV. Suppressed Expression of Genes for Photosynthesis

    V. Concluding Remarks


    13 Chromatic Adaptation by Cyanobacteria

    I. Introduction

    II. PBsome Structure, Composition, and Function

    III. Physical Organization and Transcription of the Genes Involved in the Synthesis of PBsomes

    IV. Regulation of the Synthesis of PBsome Components

    V Photoreceptor(s) and Possible Regulatory Effectors

    VI. Conclusions and Further Prospects


    14 Possibilities for Intergenomic Integration: Regulatory Crosscurrents between the Plastid and Nuclear-Cytoplasmic Compartments

    I. Introduction

    II. Nuclear Control of Plastid Gene Expression

    III. Plastid Regulation of Nuclear Gene Expression

    IV. Evolution of Integrating Systems

    V. Future Research


    15 Protein-Coding Genes in Chloroplast DNA: Compilation of Nucleotide Sequences, Data Base Entries, and Rates of Molecular Evolution

    I. Introduction

    II. Genome Sequences and Gene Nomenclature

    III. GenBank Entry Names and Electronic Mail Access to Sequence Data Bases

    IV. Rates of Molecular Evolution



Product details

  • No. of pages: 524
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1991
  • Published: July 28, 1991
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323147231

About the Editor

Lawrence Bogorad

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