The Personality of the Preschool Child

The Personality of the Preschool Child

The Child's Search for His Self

1st Edition - January 1, 1947

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  • Author: Werner Wolff
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483223841

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Description

The Personality of the Preschool Child: The Child's Search for His Self presents child behavior and child expression from the point of view of the dynamics of personality during th Organized into three parts encompassing 11 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the speech and thought of children as rhythmically organized in a characteristic way. This text then examines the psychic effect of the fairy tale upon the child, which becomes an adequate means for the child's projections. Other chapters consider children's fantasies that help them to relate otherwise meaningless data to each other, thus facilitating their memorization by establishing relationships. This book discusses as well the confusion of reality and imagination for the child. The final chapter deals with the methods of investigation in child psychology. This book is a valuable resource for child psychologists.

Table of Contents


  • Foreword

    Preface

    Part I Observation

    Chapter I The Mind of Child and Adult

    Association and Perception

    The Child's Logic

    Ego-Concept and Thought

    Self-Training for Security

    Imagination

    First Experiences

    The Child's Inability to Generalize

    The Mechanism of Children's Questions

    The Child's Subjectivism

    Directed and Undirected Thought

    The Process of Condensation in Children's Thought

    Concept Formation in the Thinking of the Child

    Integration of Fairy Tales Into the Orbit of Experiences

    Learning

    The Confusion of Words

    The Confusion of Relationships

    The Confusion of Reality and Imagination

    Learning and Performance

    Chapter II The Emotion of Child and Adult

    The Range of Emotions

    Individuality and Self

    The Child's Belief in Magic and Mystical Participation

    The Child's Delight in His Bodily Manifestations

    The Structure of the Child's Aggression

    Sadism and Masochism in Young Children

    Children's Fears

    Anger and Jealousy

    Chapter III The First Characteristics of Social Life

    Family Relations

    The Parents

    Siblings

    The Newborn

    Ideal and Identification

    Isolation and the Concept of Possession

    Dominance and Submission

    Genuine Social Relationships

    Child-Adult Relationship

    Social Relationships in Childhood and Adulthood

    Chapter IV The Child's Concept of Reality

    Space, Time, and Differentiation

    Self-Observation

    The Problem of Birth

    The Problem of Death

    Reality and Imagination

    Dissociation of Personality

    Dreams

    Theories of Play

    Tools and Imagination in Play Activity

    The Social Influence of Play

    The Mental Influence of Play

    The Emotional Influence of Play

    Play as a Training for Expressiveness and Impressionability

    Part 2 Experimentation

    Chapter V The Preschool Child as an Individual

    The Growth of Individuality

    Types of Adjustment

    Consistency and Types

    Identification and Empathy

    Neurosis in Child and Adult

    Expression Analysis

    The Child's Individual Hieroglyphics

    The Graphic Dream

    Analysis of Individual Problems

    A Little Girl's Hate Against the Newborn Baby, Realized in Aggression

    A Little Boy's Hate Against the Newborn Baby, Realized in an Escape from Reality

    Interpretation of the Child's Individual Associations

    Chapter VI The Child's Feeling of Security

    Evaluation of the Home Situation from Children's Drawings

    Evaluation of the Home Situation from Children's Spatial Concepts

    Expression of Security in Children's Drawings

    The Child's Adjustment to Space

    Security Test

    Experiments in Aggression

    Chapter VII Intelligence in the Preschool Child

    Intelligence and Perception

    The Shortcomings of Intelligence Tests

    Intelligence and Emotion

    Intelligence and Imagination

    Imagination vs. Intelligence

    Intelligence and Adjustment

    I.Q. and R.Q.

    Testing the Child's Rhythmic Organization

    Nature and Nurture in Graphic Proportions: Rhythm of African Children

    The Conscious and Unconscious Sensing of Relationships: The Graphic Expression of the Blind

    Changes in Personality and the Change of Graphic Proportions: The Graphic Expression of the Epileptic

    The Unconscious Sensing of Relationships as an Innate Factor of Personality

    Dynamics of Intelligence

    Chapter VIII Projective Methods for Judging Expressive Behavior of Preschool Children

    Diagnosis of the Child's Personality from His Everyday Behavior

    Expressive Behavior

    Analysis of Static Postures of the Body

    Analysis of Bodily Movements

    The Child's Approach to an Object

    The Child's Handling of Material

    Finger Paintings

    The "Blind" Analysis of Graphic Expression

    Graphic Movements a Reflex of Bodily Movements

    Graphic Movements a Reflex of Inner Personal Dynamics

    The Interrelationship of Graphic Movements

    Structure of Forms and Lines

    The Texture of Strokes

    Direction of Strokes

    Movement and Form

    Methods of Grapho-Analysis

    Training in Interpreting Graphic Expression

    Table of Graphic Elements in Drawings by Young Children

    Diagnosis of Personality Through a Blind Analysis of Scribblings and Drawings

    Part 3 Theory

    Chapter IX Principles of Children's Art

    The Aesthetic Viewpoint of Child and of Adult

    The Negative Attitude Toward Children's Drawings

    The Meaning of Wrong Proportions

    The Spatial Concept

    The Synthesis

    The Emphasis

    Aesthetic Preferences

    Aspects of Studying Children's Drawings

    Art Criteria of Child and of Adult

    Chapter X Child and Adult. The Educational Bridge Between Two Worlds

    Four Misconceptions About the Child's Personality

    Illusion of the "Happy Childhood"

    Underestimation and Overestimation of a Child's Perception of His Environment

    Illusions of Parents About their Role

    Illusion About the Value of Punishment

    The Case of Jean Jacques Rousseau and His Productive Neurosis

    General and Individual Patterns

    Nature-Nurture and the Unique Pattern

    The Development of the Self

    The Change of Personality

    Authoritarian and Progressive Education

    Philosophies of Education

    Dynamic Education

    "Editing the Material" of the Child's Personality

    Chapter XI Methods in Child Psychology

    The Mother and the Scientist

    The Postulate of Converging Methods in Child Psychology

    Methods of Research in Child Study

    Differences of Approach in the Natural Sciences, Psychology, and Child Study

    Steps and Techniques of Experimentation

    The Goal of Child Psychology

    Approaches to the Personality of the Preschool Child by Experimental Depth Psychology

    Bibliography

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 358
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1947
  • Published: January 1, 1947
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483223841

About the Author

Werner Wolff

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