The Oviduct and its Functions - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123866509, 9780323152662

The Oviduct and its Functions

1st Edition

Editors: A.D. Johnson
eBook ISBN: 9780323152662
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1974
Page Count: 390
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The Oviduct and Its Functions focuses on the role of the oviduct in reproduction. The book emphasizes that this organ combines factors such as environment, hormonal balance, and biochemical constituents to make reproduction possible. Composed of contributions that are divided into 13 chapters, the book presents the comparative anatomy, histology, and morphology of the mammalian oviduct. The selection particularly notes the structural features of this organ. The text proceeds with the discussions on histochemistry and electron microscopy of the bovine oviduct, and then notes that few studies have been reported on this concern. The discussions shift with the presentation of the neural control of the oviduct. Concerns include the presence of alpha and beta receptors in the organ; adrenergic and cholinergic innervation; and the influence of drugs on ovum transport. The text further underscores fluid flow and composition of oviducal fluids in animals. The book points out that the oviduct is vital in the capacitation process and fertilization and responsible for the transport of gametes and survival of sperm. The text also notes that the female reproductive tract is responsible in sperm storage. The book ends with discussions on the influence of genetics, ovulation, and pregnancy on the functions of the oviduct. The compilation is vital for readers interested in studying the functions of the oviduct.

Table of Contents

Invited Speakers and Contributors



1. The Comparative Anatomy, Histology and Morphology of the Mammalian Oviduct

I. Introduction

II. Structural Features of the Oviduct

III. Comparative Histology

IV. Comparative Morphology

V. Conclusion


2. Histochemistry and Electron Microscopy of the Bovine Oviduct

I. Introduction

II. Height of Epithelium

III. Histochemistry

IV. Electron Microscopy

V. Conclusion



3. Neural Control of Oviduct Musculature

I. Introduction

II. Adrenergic Innervation

III. Cholinergic Innervation

IV. Alpha and Beta Receptors in the Oviduct

V. Pharmacodynamics of the Oviduct

VI. Nerve Stimulation and Oviduct Motility

VII. Denervation of the Oviduct

VIII. Influence of Drugs on Ovum Transport

IX. Influence of Drugs on Spermatozoan Transport

X. Summary


4. Fluid Flow of the Oviduct

I. Introduction

II. Structural Features of the Oviduct

III. The Secretory Rate of the Oviduct

IV. Endocrine Control of Oviduct Secretion

V. Directional Flow Patterns of Oviduct Fluid


5. Composition of Oviducal Fluid

I. Introduction

II. Composition of Rabbit Oviducal Fluid

III. Composition of Sheep Oviducal Fluid

IV. Composition of Cow Oviducal Fluid

V. Composition of Primate Oviducal Fluid

VI. Significance of Studies on Oviducal Fluid



6. Capacitation of Sperm: As a Function of the Oviduct

I. Introduction

II. Measurements of Sperm Changes during Capacitation

III. Mechanisms Involved in the Capacitation Process

IV. Summary


7. Transport of Gametes and Survival of the Ovum as Functions of the Oviduct

I. Introduction

II. Transport of the Sperm

III. Transport of the Ovum

IV. Endocrine Considerations in Gamete Transport

V. Fertile Life of the Sperm

VI. Fertile Life of the Ovum

VII. Summary


8. Sperm Metabolism: A Function of the Oviduct

I. Introduction

II. Sperm Metabolism in the Female Genital Tract

III. Summary


9. Sperm Storage: As a Function of the Female Reproductive Tract

I. Survival of Spermatozoa Within the Female Reproductive Tract

II. Necessity for Sperm Storage Within the Female Reproductive Tract

III. Mechanisms Responsible for Sperm Storage Within the Female Reproductive Tract

IV. Summary


10. Fertilization: A Function of the Oviduct

I. Introduction

II. History

III. Structure

IV. Oviduct Secretion

V. Motility

VI. Summary


11. Ova and Embryo Metabolism: Functions of the Oviduct

I. Introduction

II. Metabolism of Ova and Embryos in Vitro

III. Oviducal Environment

IV. Summary


12. The Influence of External and Internal Environment on the Oviduct and Its Functions

I. Introduction

II. Genetics

III. Developmental Changes

IV. Influence of Ovulation and Pregnancy

V. Temperature

VI. Stress Related Hormones

VII. Progestagens and Related Hormones

VIII. Interspecies and Immunological Conflicts

IX. The Influence of the Corpus Luteum on the Oviduct

X. Conclusion


13. The Oviduct as an Endocrine Gland: Its Effect Upon General Somatic Carbohydrate Metabolism and Upon the Ovary

I. Ovaries and Oviducts on Muscle Glycogen

II. Studies on Isolated Liver Cells

III. Polypeptide Contraceptive Compound



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© Academic Press 1974
Academic Press
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About the Editor

A.D. Johnson

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