Description

Countries around the world are engaged in health reform, which places great demands on health care providers and systems managers. From the managed care revolution in the United States to the rebuilding of health systems in postcommunist Russia, these reforms impact millions of health care workers, government officials, patients, and the public alike. The New Public Health will help students and practitioners understand factors affecting the reform process of health care organization and delivery. It links the classic public health issues such as environmental sanitation, health education, and epidemiology with the new issues of universal health care, economics, and management of health systems for the new century.

Key Features

Key Features: * Provides a comprehensive overview of public health from a global perspective * Assesses health systems models of the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, Germany, Canada, Scandinavian countries, and developing countries including China, Nigeria, and Colombia * Analyzes critical issues of health economics, including forces associated with escalating costs and the strategies to control those costs * Discusses strategies for dealing with the many ramifications of managed care * Links medicine with the social sciences, technology, and health management issues as they evolve

Readership

Graduate and undergraduate students in public health, health managers, health economists, physicians, nurses, and other professionals requiring an overview of public health.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements Foreword. Introduction. 1. A History of Public Health Introduction. Prehistoric Societies. Ancient World. The Early Medieval Period (Fifth to Tenth Centuries AD). The Late Medieval Period (Eleventh to Fifteenth Centuries). The Renaissance (1500 - 1750). Enlightenment, Science, and Revolution (1750 - 1830). Foundations of Health Statistics and Epidemiology. Social Reform and the Sanitary Movement (1830 - 1875). Hospital Reform. The Bacteriologic Revolution. Microbiology and Immunology. Maternal and Child Health. Nutrition in Public Health. Military Medicine. Internationalization of Health. The Epidemiologic Transition. The Evolution of Public Health in the Twentieth Century. Creating and Managing Health Systems. Summary. Historical Markers. Recommended Readings. Bibliography. 2. Expanding the Concept of Public Health Introduction. Evolution of Public Health. Health and Disease. The Natural History of Disease. Society and Health. Modes of Prevention. Demographic and Epidemiologic Transition. Interdependence of Health Services. Defining Public Health. World Health Organization's Definition of Health. Selective Primary Care. The Risk Approach. The Case-for-Action. Political Economy and Health. Health and Development. Health Systems: The Case for Reform. Advocacy and Consumerism. The Health Field Concept. The Value of Medical Care in Public Health. Health Targets. Individual and Community Participation in Health. Social Ecology and Health Promotion. Defining Public Health Standards. Integrative Approaches to Public Health. The New Public Health. Summary. Recommended Readings. Bibliography. 3. Measuring and Evaluating the Health of a Population Introduction. Epidemiology. Social Epidemiology. Epidemiology in Building Health Policy. Rates and Ratios. Demography. Life Expectancy. Sentinel Events. The Burd

Details

No. of pages:
856
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2001
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
Print ISBN:
9780127033501
Electronic ISBN:
9780080525334

About the authors

Theodore Tulchinsky

Theodore H. Tulchinsky (MD from the University of Toronto; M.P.H. degree from Yale University) served as a Deputy Minister of Health and Social Development in the Province of Manitoba, Canada, Director of Public Health in the Ministry of Health in Israel, and Director of Preventive Health Services and Coordinator for Health and supervisor of health in the West Bank and Gaza (development of immunization, nutrition, primary care for maternal and child health especially). He is Associate Professor at the Braun School of Public Health at the Hebrew University, and was Fulbright Scholar and Visiting Professor at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) School of Public Health. He has published extensively on public health topics including on infectious diseases, nutrition and environmental health. He is active in promoting new schools of public health in Countries of Eastern Europe, the former Soviet Union and Central Asia, serves on the Executive Board of the European Association of Schools of Public Health.

Affiliations and Expertise

Braun School of Public Health, Hebrew University-Hadassah, Hadassah Ein Karem, Jerusalem, Israel

Elena Varavikova

Elena A. Varavikova is an MD from the I.M. Sechenov Moscow Medical Academy. She completed her Ph.D. in Moscow, an M.P.H. degree at the School of Public Health at the State University of New York in Albany, and postdoctoral studies at the Harvard University School of Public Health. She served as Chief of the Unit for Monitoring of Health and Preventable Deaths, Public Health Institute, Russia, as well as Associate Professor of Public Health at the Moscow Medical Academy. After a 4-year affiliation as a scientist for the World Health Organization, HQ, Geneva, Switzerland, she returned to Russia to work in the Ministry of Health and Social Development in the Department for International Collaboration in Public Health, and later in the Federal Agency for High-tech Medical Care. Dr. Varavikova is now a State Adviser for the Russian Federation. She has managed and participated in number of projects in many countries and has published on public health topics including health policy, population health, future studies and globalization, health technology assessment, and professional education.

Affiliations and Expertise

State Adviser of the Russian Federation; Adjunct Professor at the I.M. Sechenov Moscow Medical Academy (MMA), Moscow, Russian Federation

Theodore Tulchinsky

Theodore H. Tulchinsky (MD from the University of Toronto; M.P.H. degree from Yale University) served as a Deputy Minister of Health and Social Development in the Province of Manitoba, Canada, Director of Public Health in the Ministry of Health in Israel, and Director of Preventive Health Services and Coordinator for Health and supervisor of health in the West Bank and Gaza (development of immunization, nutrition, primary care for maternal and child health especially). He is Associate Professor at the Braun School of Public Health at the Hebrew University, and was Fulbright Scholar and Visiting Professor at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) School of Public Health. He has published extensively on public health topics including on infectious diseases, nutrition and environmental health. He is active in promoting new schools of public health in Countries of Eastern Europe, the former Soviet Union and Central Asia, serves on the Executive Board of the European Association of Schools of Public Health.

Affiliations and Expertise

Braun School of Public Health, Hebrew University-Hadassah, Hadassah Ein Karem, Jerusalem, Israel

Elena Varavikova

Elena A. Varavikova is an MD from the I.M. Sechenov Moscow Medical Academy. She completed her Ph.D. in Moscow, an M.P.H. degree at the School of Public Health at the State University of New York in Albany, and postdoctoral studies at the Harvard University School of Public Health. She served as Chief of the Unit for Monitoring of Health and Preventable Deaths, Public Health Institute, Russia, as well as Associate Professor of Public Health at the Moscow Medical Academy. After a 4-year affiliation as a scientist for the World Health Organization, HQ, Geneva, Switzerland, she returned to Russia to work in the Ministry of Health and Social Development in the Department for International Collaboration in Public Health, and later in the Federal Agency for High-tech Medical Care. Dr. Varavikova is now a State Adviser for the Russian Federation. She has managed and participated in number of projects in many countries and has published on public health topics including health policy, population health, future studies and globalization, health technology assessment, and professional education.

Affiliations and Expertise

State Adviser of the Russian Federation; Adjunct Professor at the I.M. Sechenov Moscow Medical Academy (MMA), Moscow, Russian Federation

Reviews

"...impressed with the scope and depth of its coverage. ...The book would be most welcome by the growing number of undergraduate programs in public health springing up all over the U.S. ...It is a tour de force and should be most useful in the eastern Europe schools of public health." —Lowell Levin, Yale University, Dept of Epidemiology and Public Health "There are few comprehensive textbooks in this field, so each new one is welcomed, this one warmly so. ...a good book, well able to stand comparison to others currently available. ...I commend this book. It will be a valuable resource for graduate students in public health and residency training programs." —John M. Last, University of Ottawa, ANNALS OF THE ROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS OF CANADA