The Neostriatum

The Neostriatum

Proceedings of a Workshop Sponsored by the European Brain and Behaviour Society, Denmark, 17-19 April 1978

1st Edition - January 1, 1979

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  • Editors: Ivan Divac, R. Gunilla E. Öberg
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483159591

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Description

The Neostriatum presents the puzzles of the neostriatum from many different angles. This book presents significant findings concerning the structure and neurotransmitters of the neostriatum. Organized into four parts encompassing 20 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the basic organization of the neostriatum. This text then illustrates an impressive complexity of extrinsic and intrinsic neostriatum circuitry. Other chapters consider the view that the nervous system evolved as a hierarchy, so that non-cortical structures such as the corpus striatum retain their structure and function even when the latter is made subservient to more developed mechanisms of the cerebral cortex. This book discusses as well the behavioral roles of the neostriatum and reviews the behavioral data obtained with each of the major treatment and recording techniques. The final chapter deals with the important features of striatal functions. This book is a valuable resource for neuropsychopharmacologists, neuropsychologists, neurophysiologists, psychologists, and scientists.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    BASIC ORGANISATION

    Chapter 1: Introduction

    Chapter 2: The Internal Organization of the Neostriatum in Mammals

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    RESULTS OBTAINED WITH GENERAL HISTOLOGIC TECHNIQUES AND WITH THE NISSL METHOD

    RESULTS OBTAINED WITH THE GOLGI AND RELATED METHODS

    RESULTS OBTAINED WITH TRACER METHODS AND INTRACELLULAR INJECTIONS

    RESULTS OBTAINED WITH ELECTRON MICROSCOPY

    SYNAPT0LOGY OF THE NEOSTRIATUM

    ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

    Chapter 3: Extrinsic Connections of the Neostriatum

    Publisher Summary

    AFFERENT CONNECTIONS

    EFFERENT CONNECTIONS

    Chapter 4: Localization of Neurotransmitter Candidates in Neostriatum

    Publisher Summary

    Chapter 5: A Survey of Electrophysiology and Pharmacology of Neostriatal Input-Output Relations

    Publisher Summary

    I ELECTROPHYSIOLOGICAL TRACING OF STRIATAL INPUTS AND OUTPUTS

    GENERAL REMARKS

    II SYNAPTIC EVENTS WITHIN THE STRIATUM

    III ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY OF INTRINSIC NEOSTRIATAL CONNECTIONS

    CONCLUSION

    Acknowledgements

    ONTOGENY AND PHYLOGENY

    Chapter 6: Introduction

    Chapter 7: Some Aspects of the Comparative Study of the Corpus Striatum

    ABSTRACT

    CONCLUSIONS

    Acknowledgments

    Abbreviations

    Chapter 8: Ontogeny of the Neostriatum

    Publisher Summary

    Chapter 9: Ventral Striatum

    Publisher Summary

    NEUROBEHAVIORAL APPROACHES

    Chapter 10: Introduction

    Chapter 11: Activity of Neurones in the Neostriatum and Related Structures in the Alert Animal

    Publisher Summary

    1 CAUDATE NUCLEUS AND PUTAMEN

    2 GLOBUS PALLIDUS

    3 SUBSTANTIA NIGRA

    SYNTHESIS

    Chapter 12: Electrical Stimulation of the Neostriatum in Behaving Animals

    Publisher Summary

    Motor Effects of Electrical Stimulation

    Self-Stimulation Effects of Electrical Stimulation

    Conclusions

    Acknowledgements

    Chapter 13: Behaviour After Neostriatal Lesions in Animals

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    The Organization of the Cortico-striatal Projections

    The Comparison of Cortical and Striatal Lesions on Cognitive Tasks in the Monkey

    Comparative Lesion Studies of the Striatum

    Attempts to Relate Other Aspects of Striatal Neural Organization with Behaviour

    The role of the Afferent Dopamine Tract in Striatal Function

    Interaction of Striatal Afferent Influences and Behaviour

    CONCLUSIONS

    FUNCTIONAL CONCEPTS

    Chapter 14: Introduction

    Chapter 15: Current Conceptions of Neostriatal Functions History and an Evaluation

    Publisher Summary

    HISTORY*

    CURRENT STATUS

    Chapter 16: Motor Functions of the Striatum

    Publisher Summary

    CLINICAL AND PATHOLOGICAL EVIDENCE FOR MOTOR FUNCTIONS OF THE STRIATUM

    Major symptoms of Parkinsonism

    EVIDENCE FOR STRIATAL MOTOR FUNCTIONS FROM ANIMAL MODELS OF EXTRAPYRAMIDAL DISEASE

    EVIDENCE FROM ELECTROPHYSIOLOGICAL STIMULATION AND RECORDING

    SUMMARY

    Chapter 17: Inhibitory Functions in the Neostriatum

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    CONDITIONING TEST AND MAPPING

    NEUROCHEMICAL APPROACH

    INHIBITORY PHENOMENA IN THE NEOSTRIATUM

    NEURONAL INHIBITION

    CORTICAL EXCITABILITY

    MOTOR RESPONSES

    SLEEP

    ARREST REACTION

    FOOD INTAKE

    AGGRESSION

    SOCIAL HIERARCHY

    CEREBRAL HETEROSTMULATION

    LEARNING, MEMORY, AND INSTRUMENTAL RESPONSES

    HEART RATE AND RESPIRATION

    FATIGABILITY

    FEEDBACK STIMULATION

    PARADOXICAL INHIBITION

    DYNAMIC EQUILIBRIUM

    CLOSING COMMENTS

    Chapter 18: Sensory Functions of the Neostriatum

    Publisher Summary

    NEOSTRIATAL RESPONSES TO SENSORY STIMULATION

    NEOSTRIATAL MODULATION OF POLYSENSORY ACTIVITIES

    FUNCTIONAL DIFFERENTIATION WITHIN THE NEOSTRIATUM

    THE ANATOMICAL SUBSTRATE FOR THE NEOSTRIATAL-THALAMIC LOOP

    CONCLUSIONS

    Chapter 19: “Cognitive” Functions of the Neostriatum

    Publisher Summary

    ANATOMICAL EVIDENCE

    EVIDENCE FROM ANIMAL BEHAVIOR

    Discussion

    CLINICAL EVIDENCE

    SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

    EPILOGUE

    Chapter 20: Is a Theory on Neostriatal Functions Now Possible?: Concluding Remarks on two sessions on physiological and behavioural explorations of the neostriatum

    Publisher Summary

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 334
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1979
  • Published: January 1, 1979
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483159591

About the Editors

Ivan Divac

R. Gunilla E. Öberg

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