The Neostriatum - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080231747, 9781483159591

The Neostriatum

1st Edition

Proceedings of a Workshop Sponsored by the European Brain and Behaviour Society, Denmark, 17-19 April 1978

Editors: Ivan Divac R. Gunilla E. Öberg
eBook ISBN: 9781483159591
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1979
Page Count: 334
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Description

The Neostriatum presents the puzzles of the neostriatum from many different angles. This book presents significant findings concerning the structure and neurotransmitters of the neostriatum.

Organized into four parts encompassing 20 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the basic organization of the neostriatum. This text then illustrates an impressive complexity of extrinsic and intrinsic neostriatum circuitry. Other chapters consider the view that the nervous system evolved as a hierarchy, so that non-cortical structures such as the corpus striatum retain their structure and function even when the latter is made subservient to more developed mechanisms of the cerebral cortex. This book discusses as well the behavioral roles of the neostriatum and reviews the behavioral data obtained with each of the major treatment and recording techniques. The final chapter deals with the important features of striatal functions.

This book is a valuable resource for neuropsychopharmacologists, neuropsychologists, neurophysiologists, psychologists, and scientists.

Table of Contents

Preface

BASIC ORGANISATION

Chapter 1: Introduction

Chapter 2: The Internal Organization of the Neostriatum in Mammals

Publisher Summary

INTRODUCTION

RESULTS OBTAINED WITH GENERAL HISTOLOGIC TECHNIQUES AND WITH THE NISSL METHOD

RESULTS OBTAINED WITH THE GOLGI AND RELATED METHODS

RESULTS OBTAINED WITH TRACER METHODS AND INTRACELLULAR INJECTIONS

RESULTS OBTAINED WITH ELECTRON MICROSCOPY

SYNAPT0LOGY OF THE NEOSTRIATUM

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Chapter 3: Extrinsic Connections of the Neostriatum

Publisher Summary

AFFERENT CONNECTIONS

EFFERENT CONNECTIONS

Chapter 4: Localization of Neurotransmitter Candidates in Neostriatum

Publisher Summary

Chapter 5: A Survey of Electrophysiology and Pharmacology of Neostriatal Input-Output Relations

Publisher Summary

I ELECTROPHYSIOLOGICAL TRACING OF STRIATAL INPUTS AND OUTPUTS

GENERAL REMARKS

II SYNAPTIC EVENTS WITHIN THE STRIATUM

III ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY OF INTRINSIC NEOSTRIATAL CONNECTIONS

CONCLUSION

Acknowledgements

ONTOGENY AND PHYLOGENY

Chapter 6: Introduction

Chapter 7: Some Aspects of the Comparative Study of the Corpus Striatum

ABSTRACT

CONCLUSIONS

Acknowledgments

Abbreviations

Chapter 8: Ontogeny of the Neostriatum

Publisher Summary

Chapter 9: Ventral Striatum

Publisher Summary

NEUROBEHAVIORAL APPROACHES

Chapter 10: Introduction

Chapter 11: Activity of Neurones in the Neostriatum and Related Structures in the Alert Animal

Publisher Summary

1 CAUDATE NUCLEUS AND PUTAMEN

2 GLOBUS PALLIDUS

3 SUBSTANTIA NIGRA

SYNTHESIS

Chapter 12: Electrical Stimulation of the Neostriatum in Behaving Animals

Publisher Summary

Motor Effects of Electrical Stimulation

Self-Stimulation Effects of Electrical Stimulation

Conclusions

Acknowledgements

Chapter 13: Behaviour After Neostriatal Lesions in Animals

Publisher Summary

INTRODUCTION

The Organization of the Cortico-striatal Projections

The Comparison of Cortical and Striatal Lesions on Cognitive Tasks in the Monkey

Comparative Lesion Studies of the Striatum

Attempts to Relate Other Aspects of Striatal Neural Organization with Behaviour

The role of the Afferent Dopamine Tract in Striatal Function

Interaction of Striatal Afferent Influences and Behaviour

CONCLUSIONS

FUNCTIONAL CONCEPTS

Chapter 14: Introduction

Chapter 15: Current Conceptions of Neostriatal Functions History and an Evaluation

Publisher Summary

HISTORY*

CURRENT STATUS

Chapter 16: Motor Functions of the Striatum

Publisher Summary

CLINICAL AND PATHOLOGICAL EVIDENCE FOR MOTOR FUNCTIONS OF THE STRIATUM

Major symptoms of Parkinsonism

EVIDENCE FOR STRIATAL MOTOR FUNCTIONS FROM ANIMAL MODELS OF EXTRAPYRAMIDAL DISEASE

EVIDENCE FROM ELECTROPHYSIOLOGICAL STIMULATION AND RECORDING

SUMMARY

Chapter 17: Inhibitory Functions in the Neostriatum

Publisher Summary

INTRODUCTION

CONDITIONING TEST AND MAPPING

NEUROCHEMICAL APPROACH

INHIBITORY PHENOMENA IN THE NEOSTRIATUM

NEURONAL INHIBITION

CORTICAL EXCITABILITY

MOTOR RESPONSES

SLEEP

ARREST REACTION

FOOD INTAKE

AGGRESSION

SOCIAL HIERARCHY

CEREBRAL HETEROSTMULATION

LEARNING, MEMORY, AND INSTRUMENTAL RESPONSES

HEART RATE AND RESPIRATION

FATIGABILITY

FEEDBACK STIMULATION

PARADOXICAL INHIBITION

DYNAMIC EQUILIBRIUM

CLOSING COMMENTS

Chapter 18: Sensory Functions of the Neostriatum

Publisher Summary

NEOSTRIATAL RESPONSES TO SENSORY STIMULATION

NEOSTRIATAL MODULATION OF POLYSENSORY ACTIVITIES

FUNCTIONAL DIFFERENTIATION WITHIN THE NEOSTRIATUM

THE ANATOMICAL SUBSTRATE FOR THE NEOSTRIATAL-THALAMIC LOOP

CONCLUSIONS

Chapter 19: “Cognitive” Functions of the Neostriatum

Publisher Summary

ANATOMICAL EVIDENCE

EVIDENCE FROM ANIMAL BEHAVIOR

Discussion

CLINICAL EVIDENCE

SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

EPILOGUE

Chapter 20: Is a Theory on Neostriatal Functions Now Possible?: Concluding Remarks on two sessions on physiological and behavioural explorations of the neostriatum

Publisher Summary

Index

Details

No. of pages:
334
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1979
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483159591

About the Editor

Ivan Divac

R. Gunilla E. Öberg