The Nature of Theory and Research in Social Psychology

The Nature of Theory and Research in Social Psychology

1st Edition - January 1, 1972

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  • Authors: Clyde Hendrick, Russell A. Jones
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483260891

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Description

The Nature of Theory and Research in Social Psychology aims to provide advanced undergraduate and graduate students with a solid foundation in the logic of theory construction and the experimental method; and to teach students how to read, critically evaluate, and appreciate professional literature in the behavioral sciences. The book is believed to be unique in this latter respect and that it will serve a vital need in several different courses. The book is organized into two parts. Part I contains a detailed exposition of the nature of theory and research. It discusses the nature of formal theory, derivation of hypotheses, and the testing of hypotheses. It explicates in great detail the experimental approach to hypothesis testing. Both formal and informal aspects of a psychological experiment are discussed. Part II includes five chapters that enable students to put their analytical skills to use. Five substantive areas from social psychology have been selected. Each chapter includes three reprinted journal articles, and the chapter may be considered a ""case study"" in the analysis of experimental research in a given problem area. The following topics are covered in this section: dissonance and disconfirmed expectancies; dissonance and severity of initiation, primary-recency in personality impression formation, forewarning and anticipatory attitude change, and dependency and helping.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Prologue

    Part I Basic Issues in Theory Construction and Research Methods

    Chapter 1 Formal Aspects of Theory and Hypothesis Testing

    Prediction

    Understanding

    Control

    Hypothesis Testing

    Chapter 2 Interpreting Experimental Results

    A Null Hypothesis Outcome

    Alternative Interpretations of the Hypothesis

    Multiple Independent Variables

    Interactions between Independent Variables

    Statistical Analysis of Research Data

    Chapter 3 The Social Nature of Social Psychological Research

    The Experiment as a Social Contract

    Demand Characteristics

    Overcoming Demand Characteristics

    The Experimenter as a Variable

    Controlling Experimenter Effects

    Chapter 4 Conducting the Experiment

    The Types of Social Experiments

    Pretesting and Pilot Studies

    Experimental Operations—Behavior versus Cognitions

    Chapter 5 Generalizing beyond the Experiment

    Internal and External Validity of an Experiment

    Sampling: the Problem of Population Generality

    Other Related Problems

    Concluding Comments

    References

    Part II Case Studies in Social Research

    Chapter 6 Dissonance and Disconfirmed Expectancies

    Performance Expectancy as a Determinant of Actual Performance

    Performance Expectancy as a Determinant of Actual Performance: a Partial Replication

    Seven Studies of Performance Expectancy as a Determinant of Actual Performance

    Chapter 7 Dissonance and Severity of Initiation

    The Effect of Severity of Initiation on Liking for a Group

    A Dependence Interpretation of the Effects of a Severe Initiation

    The Effects of Severity of Initiation on Liking for a Group: a Replication

    Chapter 8 Primary-Recency in Personality Impression Formation

    Primacy Effects in Personality Impression Formation

    Application of a Linear-Serial Model to a Personality-Impression Task Using Serial Presentation

    Effects of Varying Trait Inconsistency and Response Requirements on the Primacy Effect in Impression Formation

    Chapter 9 Forewarning and Anticipatory Attitude Change

    Anticipatory Belief Lowering following Forewarning of a Persuasive Attack

    Anticipation of Exposure to Persuasive Messages and Belief Change

    Self-Esteem and Consistency as Determinants of Anticipatory Opinion Change

    Chapter 10 Dependency and Helping

    Affecting the Salience of the Social Responsibility Norm: Effects of Past Help on the Response to Dependency Relationships

    Reciprocity and Responsibility Reactions to Prior Help

    Effects of Prior Help and Hindrance on Willingness to Help Another: Reciprocity or Social Responsibility

    Chapter 11 Postscript

    Replications

    Strong Inference

    References

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 380
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1972
  • Published: January 1, 1972
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483260891

About the Authors

Clyde Hendrick

Russell A. Jones

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