The Nature of Theory and Research in Social Psychology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123407504, 9781483260891

The Nature of Theory and Research in Social Psychology

1st Edition

Authors: Clyde Hendrick Russell A. Jones
eBook ISBN: 9781483260891
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1972
Page Count: 380
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Description

The Nature of Theory and Research in Social Psychology aims to provide advanced undergraduate and graduate students with a solid foundation in the logic of theory construction and the experimental method; and to teach students how to read, critically evaluate, and appreciate professional literature in the behavioral sciences. The book is believed to be unique in this latter respect and that it will serve a vital need in several different courses. The book is organized into two parts. Part I contains a detailed exposition of the nature of theory and research. It discusses the nature of formal theory, derivation of hypotheses, and the testing of hypotheses. It explicates in great detail the experimental approach to hypothesis testing. Both formal and informal aspects of a psychological experiment are discussed. Part II includes five chapters that enable students to put their analytical skills to use. Five substantive areas from social psychology have been selected. Each chapter includes three reprinted journal articles, and the chapter may be considered a ""case study"" in the analysis of experimental research in a given problem area. The following topics are covered in this section: dissonance and disconfirmed expectancies; dissonance and severity of initiation, primary-recency in personality impression formation, forewarning and anticipatory attitude change, and dependency and helping.

Table of Contents

Preface Prologue Part I Basic Issues in Theory Construction and Research Methods Chapter 1 Formal Aspects of Theory and Hypothesis Testing Prediction Understanding Control Hypothesis Testing Chapter 2 Interpreting Experimental Results A Null Hypothesis Outcome Alternative Interpretations of the Hypothesis Multiple Independent Variables Interactions between Independent Variables Statistical Analysis of Research Data Chapter 3 The Social Nature of Social Psychological Research The Experiment as a Social Contract Demand Characteristics Overcoming Demand Characteristics The Experimenter as a Variable Controlling Experimenter Effects Chapter 4 Conducting the Experiment The Types of Social Experiments Pretesting and Pilot Studies Experimental Operations—Behavior versus Cognitions Chapter 5 Generalizing beyond the Experiment Internal and External Validity of an Experiment Sampling: the Problem of Population Generality Other Related Problems Concluding Comments References Part II Case Studies in Social Research Chapter 6 Dissonance and Disconfirmed Expectancies Performance Expectancy as a Determinant of Actual Performance Performance Expectancy as a Determinant of Actual Performance: a Partial Replication Seven Studies of Performance Expectancy as a Determinant of Actual Performance Chapter 7 Dissonance and Severity of Initiation The Effect of Severity of Initiation on Liking for a Group A Dependence Interpretation of the Effects of a Severe Initiation The Effects of Severity of Initiation on Liking for a Group: a Replication Chapter 8 Primary-Recency in Personality Impression Formation Primacy Effects in Perso

Details

No. of pages:
380
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1972
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483260891

About the Author

Clyde Hendrick

Russell A. Jones

Ratings and Reviews