The Natural Anti-Gal Antibody as Foe Turned Friend in Medicine

The Natural Anti-Gal Antibody as Foe Turned Friend in Medicine

1st Edition - September 5, 2017

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  • Author: Uri Galili
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128133620
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128133637

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The Natural Anti-Gal Antibody as Foe Turned Friend in Medicine provides a comprehensive review of the natural anti-Gal antibody, which is the most abundant antibody in humans constituting ~1% of immunoglobulins and the carbohydrate antigen it recognizes, the α-gal epitope. It discusses the discovery of this antigen/antibody system, its evolution in mammals, the pathological effects of this antibody, and its possible use in various therapies in humans. Most significantly, the book discusses microbial and regenerative therapies in which an antibody present in all humans may be harnessed as an in vivo pharmaceutical agent that enables a wide variety of therapies. Some of these therapies are described as experimental studies that are compiled in this book, other already studied therapies in the area of cancer immunotherapy are also included in this book.

Key Features

  • Provides tactics on how to improve cancer immunotherapy and viral vaccine immunogenicity
  • Includes discussions on therapies that accelerate the healing of normal and chronic wounds, and of burns
  • Covers the regeneration of bio-implants


Physicians and researchers interested in immunotherapy, vaccine delivery, xenotransplantation and tissue repair and regeneration in various clinical settings

Table of Contents

    1. Anti-Gal in humans and its antigen the α-gal epitope
    2. Why do we produce anti-Gal: Evolutionary appearance of anti-Gal in Old World primates
    3. Anti-Gal comprises most of anti-blood group B antibodies: Landsteiner’s enigma
    4. Anti-Gal interaction with Trypanosoma, Leishmania and Plasmodium parasites
    5. Anti-Gal B cells are tolerized by α-gal epitopes in the absence of T cell help

    6. Anti-Gal and other immune barriers in xenotransplantation
    7. Anti-Gal IgE mediates allergies to red meat
    8. Anti-Gal and autoimmunity

    9. Anti-Gal mediated amplification of viral vaccine efficacy
    10. Cancer immunotherapy by anti-Gal mediated in situ conversion of tumors into autologous vaccines
    11. Anti-Gal as cancer cell destroying antibody and as antibiotics targeted by α-gal bi-functional molecules
    12. Acceleration of wound and burn healing by anti-Gal/α-gal nanoparticles interaction

    13. Anti-Gal and anti-non gal antibodies in regeneration of extracellular matrix (ECM) bio-implants in humans
    14. Post infarction regeneration of ischemic myocardium by intramyocardial injection of α-gal nanoparticles
    15. Regeneration of injured spinal cord and peripheral nerves by α-gal nanoparticles
    16. Inhalation of α-gal/sialic acid liposomes for decreasing influenza virus infection

Product details

  • No. of pages: 304
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2017
  • Published: September 5, 2017
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128133620
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128133637

About the Author

Uri Galili

Uri Galili is an immunologist who received his PhD in 1977 at the Hebrew University School of Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel. Following postdoctoral research at the Karolinska Institute, Stockholm (1977-1979), he worked at Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem (1979-1984), where he discovered anti-Gal as the most abundant natural antibody in humans. In collaboration with Bruce Macher at University of California Medical Center, San Francisco (1984-1990), he identified the α-gal epitope as the mammalian antigen that binds anti-Gal, determined the unique evolution of anti-Gal and α-gal epitopes in primates and studied the molecular basis for this evolution. In MCP-Hahnemann School of Medicine, Philadelphia (1991-1999), he studied the significance of anti-Gal/α-gal epitope interaction as an immune barrier in xenotransplantation and initiated studies on harnessing anti-Gal in cancer immunotherapy and in amplifying immune response to viruses. At Rush Medical School, Chicago (1999-2004), he studied immune tolerance induction to α-gal epitopes. In the Department of Surgery at UMass Medical School, Worcester (2004-2013), he developed a method for in situ conversion of tumors into autologous vaccines targeted to antigen-presenting cells by intratumoral injection of α-gal glycolipids, performed clinical trials with this immunotherapy and demonstrated increased immunogenicity of influenza and HIV vaccines presenting α-gal epitopes. He further developed anti-Gal binding α-gal nanoparticles that accelerate wound and burn healing and induce tissue regeneration in internal injuries. Prof. Galili retired in 2013 and lives in Chicago. He continues his research as a volunteer Adjunct Professor at Rush Medical School, on α-gal nanoparticles induced regeneration of ischemic myocardium, post myocardial infarction.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Surgery, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, USA (retired) and Adjunct Professor, Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Rush Medical School, Chicago, IL, USA

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  • Igor A. Thu Feb 01 2018

    The Natural Anti-Gal Antibody as Foe Turned Friend in Medicine

    This is an exceptional and very timely book by Prof. Uri Galili. Prof Galili not only discovered anti-Gal antibodies but also made numerous pioneering contributions to the understanding of the origin and evolution, and biological roles of natural anti-Gal antibodies in health and disease (e.g., cancer, allergy, autoimmunity). He also provides very thoughtful insights on the various potential therapeutic applications of natural anti-Gal antibodies and the roles of pathogen-specific anti-Gal antibodies elicited against deadly protozoan parasites such as Trypanosoma cruzi, Leishmania spp., and Plasmodium spp. This is a very enlightening and stimulating book for those in the Glycobiology field. Igor Almeida, DSc, Professor, University of Texas at El Paso