The Mycoplasmas V3

The Mycoplasmas V3

Plant and Insects Mycoplasmas

1st Edition - August 28, 1979

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  • Editor: R.F. Whitcomb
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323153836

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The Mycoplasmas, Volume III: Plant and Insect Mycoplasmas is a volume of a comprehensive three-volume series encompassing various facets of mycoplasmology. It attempts not only to present an extensive and critical review of the rapidly expanding field of plant and insect mycoplasmas, but also to integrate these important subdisciplines into the total field of mycoplasmology. This volume, in particular, shows relevant information on a group of helical mycoplasmas(spiroplasmas), stressing their part in plant and insect diseases. It discusses the tick-borne spiroplasmas and their possible role in vertebrate disease. Other suspected mycoplasmal plant diseases, vector transmission of mycoplasmas and spiroplasmas, and the chemotherapy of mycoplasmal plant diseases are also described. This book will serve as a standard reference work for mycoplasmologists, as well as for other interested microbiologists, cellular and molecular biologists, membrane biochemists, clinicians, veterinarians, plant pathologists, and entomologists.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors



    1 / Diversity of Wall-Less Prokaryotes in Plant Vascular Tissue, Fungi, and Invertebrate Animals

    I. Introduction

    II. The Vascular Environment in Plants

    III. Wall-less Prokaryotes in Plants, Fungi, and Invertebrate Animals

    IV. Comparison of Plant and Animal Mycoplasmas


    2 / Symptomatology of Spiroplasmal Plant Diseases

    I. Introduction

    II. Symptoms of Spiroplasma citri Infection

    III. Symptoms of Infection by the Corn Stunt Spiroplasma

    IV. Symptoms Associated with Spiroplasmas in Opuntia tuna

    V. Symptoms Associated with Spiroplasma Infection of Bermuda Grass


    3 / Cultivation of Spiroplasmas

    I. Introduction

    II. Cultivation in Vitro

    III. Factors Affecting Growth of Spiroplasmas in Vitro

    IV. Concluding Remarks


    4 / Cell Biology of Spiroplasmas

    I. From Citrus Stubborn Disease to Suckling Mouse Cataract: Discovery and Host Range of Spiroplasmas

    II. Culture, Nutrition, and Metabolism

    III. Morphology, Size Distribution, and Multiplication of Spiroplasmas

    IV. Motility

    V. Cell Membrane

    VI. Spiroplasma DNA and DNA Polymerases

    VII. Plant and Animal Spiroplasmas: Characterization and Relatedness

    VIII. Concluding Remarks


    5 / Spiroplasmas of Tick Origin and their Pathogenicity

    I. Introduction

    II. Isolation and Identification of SMCA and GT-48

    III. Experimental Vertebrate Host Range of SMCA and GT-48

    IV. Vertebrate Central Nervous System Lesions Induced by SMCA and GT-48

    V. Disease in the Mammalian Eye

    VI. Isolation of Spiroplasma 277F

    VII. Conclusions


    6 / Sex Ratio Organisms (Spiroplasmas) of Drosophila

    I. Introduction

    II. The Sex Ratio Trait of Drosophila willistoni Group Species

    III. Demonstration of Infectivity

    IV. Host Range

    V. Mechanism of Androcidal Action

    VI. Morphology of the Sex Ratio Organism

    VII. Sex Ratio Organism Interactions

    VIII. Sex Ratio Organism Viruses

    IX. Serological Studies of the Sex Ratio Organis

    X. Maintenance and Attempts at in Vitro Cultivation


    7 / Mechanisms of Spiroplasma Pathogenicity

    I. Introduction

    II. Symptoms Produced by Spiroplasma Infections of Plants

    III. Biochemical Basis of Spiroplasma Pathogenicity

    IV. Interaction of Spiroplasmas with Insects

    V. Resistance of Plants to Spiroplasmas

    VI. Conclusion


    8 / Mycoplasmas and Yellow Diseases

    I. Introduction

    II. Characteristics of Yellows Diseases

    III. Transmission and Spread of Yellows Disease Agents

    IV. Physiology of Yellows Diseases

    V. Culture of Plant Mycoplasmas

    VI. Conclusions—Future Directions


    9 / Vector Transmission of Mycoplasmal Agents of Plant Diseases

    I. Introduction—Historical Background

    II. Vector-Borne Pathogens

    III. Insect Transmission of Plant-Pathogenic Prokaryotes

    IV. Biology of Vectors

    V. Vector-Mycoplasma-Plant Relationships

    VI. Beneficial and Harmful Effects of Plant Prokaryotes on Insect Vectors

    VII. Vector Tissue Culture—Organ and Cell Cultures in Vitro

    VIII. Factors Affecting the Transmission of Prokaryotes by Vectors

    IX. Modeling and Pest Management

    X. Discussion and Conclusions


    10/ Chemotherapy of Mycoplasmal Plant Diseases

    I. Introduction

    II. Antibiotics and Other Drugs

    III. Methods of Application

    IV. Uptake and Translocation of Antibiotics

    V. Effects of Antibiotics on Diseases

    VI. Antibiotics in Relation to Insect Transmission

    VII. Effects of Antibiotics on Mycoplasmas

    VIII. Summary and General Remarks


    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 368
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1979
  • Published: August 28, 1979
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323153836

About the Editor

R.F. Whitcomb

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