The Mollusca - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780127514024, 9781483296340

The Mollusca, Volume 2

1st Edition

Environmental Biochemistry and Physiology

Editor-in-Chiefs: Karl Wilbur
Editors: Peter Hochachka
eBook ISBN: 9781483296340
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th July 1983
Page Count: 362
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Table of Contents


Contributors

General Preface

Preface

Contents of Other Volumes

1. Respiratory Pigments: Structure and Function

I. Introduction

II. Distribution of Molluscan Oxygen Carriers

III. General Considerations of the Oxygen-Binding Process

IV. Molluscan Myoglobins

V. Molluscan Hemoglobins

VI. Molluscan Hemocyanins

References

2. Blood Respiratory Properties in Marine Gastropods

I. Introduction

II. The Oxygen Carrier

III. Cooperativity

IV. Oxygen Affinity

V. Root Shift

VI. Summary and Perspectives

References

3. Osmolytes and Metabolic End Products of Molluscs: The Design of Compatible Solute Systems

I. Introduction

II. Composition of the Cytosol of Marine Molluscs

III. Solute Effects and Noneffects on Protein Structure and Function

IV. Mechanisms of Solute Action

V. Regulation of Compatible Solute Concentrations

VI. Evolutionary Considerations

References

4. Metal Ions: Metabolic and Toxic Effects

I. Introduction

II. Epithelial Uptake Systems

III. Blood Transport Systems

IV. Cellular Storage Systems

V. Cellular Detoxification Systems

VI. Fluxes and Compartments

VII. Perspectives

References

5. Developmental and Seasonal Metabolic Activities in Marine Molluscs

I. Introduction

II. Larval Development and Metamorphosis

III. Reproduction and Seasonal Biochemical Cycles

IV. Metabolic Pathways

References

6. Metabolic and Enzyme Adaptation to Temperature and Pressure

I. Introduction

II. Evolutionary Rate Compensation to Temperature

III. Thermal Compensation Associated with a Period of Adaptation

IV. Metabolic Adaptation to Short-Term (Acute) Temperature Change

V. Thermoregulation

VI. Metabolic and Enzyme Adaptation to Pressure

References

7. Molluscan Bioluminescence

I. Introduction

II. The Chemistry of Bioluminescence

References

8. Biochromy of the Mollusca

I. Introduction

II. Schemochromic or Structural Coloration

III. Carotenoids

IV. Tetrapyrroles

V. Indole Pigments, Including Melanins

VI. Nitrogenous, Metal-Complexed Molluscan Biochromes

References

9. Biochemical Genetics and Adaptation in Molluscs

I. Introduction

II. Genetic Variation in Natural Populations of Molluscs

III. Ecological Genetics of Aminopeptidase-I in Mytilus edulis

IV. General Conclusions

References

10. Biochemical Interactions Between Molluscs and their Algal and Bacterial Symbionts

I. Introduction

II. Photosynthetic Associations: Mollusc-Algae and Mollusc-Chloroplast Symbiosis

III. Mollusc-Bacteria Associations in Wood-Eating Molluscs: Capacities for Cellulose Degradation, Nitrogen Fixation, and Essential Amino Acid Synthesis

IV. Sulfide-Based Symbioses Between Sulfide-Oxidizing Bacteria and Bivalves

V. Some Questions for Future Work

References

Index

Description

The Mollusca, Volume 2: Environmental Biochemistry and Physiology provides information pertinent to the advances in the traditional areas of biochemistry and in other developed areas that have become a part of molluskan biochemistry. This book discusses the developments in the various aspects of molecular biomechanics and environmental biochemistry.

Organized into 10 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the comparative studies of the structure–function relationships in molluskan oxygen carriers. This text then describes the specific types and classes of molluskan respiratory proteins. Other chapters consider the nature and distribution of respiratory proteins in mollusks. This book discusses as well the oxygen equilibrium properties of gastropod hemocyanins. The final chapter deals with host–symbiont interactions in mollusks.

This book is a valuable resource for researchers of the Mollusca and other phyla, as well as to teachers and qualified graduate students. Biochemists and physiologists will also find this book useful.


Details

No. of pages:
362
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1983
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483296340

About the Editor-in-Chiefs

Karl Wilbur Editor-in-Chief

Affiliations and Expertise

Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, U.S.A.

About the Editors

Peter Hochachka Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada