The Mollusca

The Mollusca

Environmental Biochemistry and Physiology

1st Edition - July 28, 1983

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  • Editor-in-Chief: Karl Wilbur
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483296340

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Description

The Mollusca, Volume 2: Environmental Biochemistry and Physiology provides information pertinent to the advances in the traditional areas of biochemistry and in other developed areas that have become a part of molluskan biochemistry. This book discusses the developments in the various aspects of molecular biomechanics and environmental biochemistry. Organized into 10 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the comparative studies of the structure–function relationships in molluskan oxygen carriers. This text then describes the specific types and classes of molluskan respiratory proteins. Other chapters consider the nature and distribution of respiratory proteins in mollusks. This book discusses as well the oxygen equilibrium properties of gastropod hemocyanins. The final chapter deals with host–symbiont interactions in mollusks. This book is a valuable resource for researchers of the Mollusca and other phyla, as well as to teachers and qualified graduate students. Biochemists and physiologists will also find this book useful.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    General Preface

    Preface

    Contents of Other Volumes

    1. Respiratory Pigments: Structure and Function

    I. Introduction

    II. Distribution of Molluscan Oxygen Carriers

    III. General Considerations of the Oxygen-Binding Process

    IV. Molluscan Myoglobins

    V. Molluscan Hemoglobins

    VI. Molluscan Hemocyanins

    References

    2. Blood Respiratory Properties in Marine Gastropods

    I. Introduction

    II. The Oxygen Carrier

    III. Cooperativity

    IV. Oxygen Affinity

    V. Root Shift

    VI. Summary and Perspectives

    References

    3. Osmolytes and Metabolic End Products of Molluscs: The Design of Compatible Solute Systems

    I. Introduction

    II. Composition of the Cytosol of Marine Molluscs

    III. Solute Effects and Noneffects on Protein Structure and Function

    IV. Mechanisms of Solute Action

    V. Regulation of Compatible Solute Concentrations

    VI. Evolutionary Considerations

    References

    4. Metal Ions: Metabolic and Toxic Effects

    I. Introduction

    II. Epithelial Uptake Systems

    III. Blood Transport Systems

    IV. Cellular Storage Systems

    V. Cellular Detoxification Systems

    VI. Fluxes and Compartments

    VII. Perspectives

    References

    5. Developmental and Seasonal Metabolic Activities in Marine Molluscs

    I. Introduction

    II. Larval Development and Metamorphosis

    III. Reproduction and Seasonal Biochemical Cycles

    IV. Metabolic Pathways

    References

    6. Metabolic and Enzyme Adaptation to Temperature and Pressure

    I. Introduction

    II. Evolutionary Rate Compensation to Temperature

    III. Thermal Compensation Associated with a Period of Adaptation

    IV. Metabolic Adaptation to Short-Term (Acute) Temperature Change

    V. Thermoregulation

    VI. Metabolic and Enzyme Adaptation to Pressure

    References

    7. Molluscan Bioluminescence

    I. Introduction

    II. The Chemistry of Bioluminescence

    References

    8. Biochromy of the Mollusca

    I. Introduction

    II. Schemochromic or Structural Coloration

    III. Carotenoids

    IV. Tetrapyrroles

    V. Indole Pigments, Including Melanins

    VI. Nitrogenous, Metal-Complexed Molluscan Biochromes

    References

    9. Biochemical Genetics and Adaptation in Molluscs

    I. Introduction

    II. Genetic Variation in Natural Populations of Molluscs

    III. Ecological Genetics of Aminopeptidase-I in Mytilus edulis

    IV. General Conclusions

    References

    10. Biochemical Interactions Between Molluscs and their Algal and Bacterial Symbionts

    I. Introduction

    II. Photosynthetic Associations: Mollusc-Algae and Mollusc-Chloroplast Symbiosis

    III. Mollusc-Bacteria Associations in Wood-Eating Molluscs: Capacities for Cellulose Degradation, Nitrogen Fixation, and Essential Amino Acid Synthesis

    IV. Sulfide-Based Symbioses Between Sulfide-Oxidizing Bacteria and Bivalves

    V. Some Questions for Future Work

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 362
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1983
  • Published: July 28, 1983
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483296340

About the Editor in Chief

Karl Wilbur

Affiliations and Expertise

Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, U.S.A.

About the Editor

Peter Hochachka

Affiliations and Expertise

University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

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